Earthquakes

5.9 Earthquake hits central Peru.

5.3 Earthquake hits northern Sumatra, Indonesia.

5.2 Earthquake hits the Bali Sea.

5.1 Earthquake hits south of Java, Indonesia.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Sumba region, Indonesia.

5.0 Earthquake hits near the cough coast of Papua, Indonesia.

4.9 Earthquake hits the Solomon Islands.

Environment

Norway’s $650 billion sovereign wealth fund, one of the world’s biggest investors, has started asking companies it invests in to minimise their impact on rainforests.

It is hoped this will mean Norway stops investing and pulls out of many companies that are damaging rainforests.

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A new study by the National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado, USA has found that climate model projections that show a greater rise in global temperature are likely to prove more accurate than those showing a lesser rise over the coming decades.

Scientists analyzed how well 16 leading sophisticated climate models reproduce observed relative humidity in Earth’s tropics and subtropics.

Current climate models predict temperature increases in this century, if current carbon dioxide emission levels continue unchanged, at between 3 and 8 degrees Fahrenheit, compared to 19th century temperatures. The average prediction is 5 degrees. If this new study proves accurate, that would mean temperature increases on the upper end of the 3-to-8 degree range if nothing changes. The greater the temperature rise, the greater the effect on sea level rise, heat waves, droughts and other effects

The world’s major global climate models are all based on long-established physical laws known to guide the atmosphere. However, because these relationships are challenging to translate into software, each model differs slightly in its portrayal of global climate. In particular, some processes, such as those associated with clouds, are too small to be represented properly. Although satellites observe many types of clouds, satellite failure, observing errors and other inconsistencies make it challenging to build a comprehensive global cloud census that is consistent over many years.

Disease

185000 hens have been slaughtered to contain outbreak of a rare strain of salmonella on two commercial egg farms in Ireland. The strain of salmonella poses no threat to humans, but can cause substantial losses in flocks.

Volcanos

Global Volcanic Activity 9 – 10 November 2012:

An explosion occurred from Karymski volcano in Kamchatka at 22h15 on 9 Nov GMT), producing an ash plume rising to 18,000 ft (5 km) altitude and quickly drifting south (Tokyo VAAC). 4 hours later, the ash had dissipated.

Popocatépetl, Mexico: Activity remains essentially unchanged with a slow rise of magma into the crater of the volcano where a lava dome is growing. When not obscured by clouds, incandescence is visible at night and an impressive SO2 emission can be detected, typical for a volcano that ranks as one of the top SO2 producers world-wide.

Activity of Fuego volcano (Guatemala) has been becoming more typical strombolian-style, with explosions less ashy, but richer in incandescent material. During 8-9 Nov, there were 15 strombolian explosions with ash plumes of 3-500 m height and incandescent bombs being ejected to 150-200 m height, lasting 25-40 seconds, and generating avalanches on the upper outer crater flanks. The lava flow toward Ash Canyon was 500 meters long and produced block avalanches that reached the vegetation line.

Eruptive activity at Reventador volcano (Ecuador) has been showing an increasing trend over the past week with more frequent explosions taking place. New ash emissions weres recorded earlier this morning.

Seismic activity at Nevado del Ruiz volcano has calmed down considerably, but few weak quakes and emission signals remain visible.

Sakurajima volcano (Japan) continued to be unusually active during 9 Nov with 4 moderate explosions that ejected ash plumes to altitudes of 8-13,000 ft (2.4-4 km).

Manam volcano in Papua New Guinea produced a SO2 plume.

In New Zealand, Tongariro volcano’s seismic activity has been calm compared to most of the previous months.

Storms and Floods

Flooding in Cape Haitien city on Haiti killed 16 people. Haitian police patrols found a number of bodies in the streets. Four members of the same family were found dead by rescue workers.

haiti

 

A tornado touched down in Hobart, Tasmania.

At least 10 people have died and another 20 have gone missing in floods that inundated the Indonesian island of Celebes over the past few days.