Earthquakes

6.1 Earthquake hits off the coast of Coquimbo, Chile.

5.6 Earthquake hits Panay in the Philippines.

5.5 and 5.0 Earthquakes hit Tonga.

5.4 Earthquake hits south of Fiji.

5.0 Earthquake hits Myanmar.

Environment

The British government is looking into a proposal to have volcanos generate power to homes within a decade. The geothermal energy would be piped to Britain through the world’s longest seabed power cable from Icelandic volcanoes. Experts say this would be no more expensive than the next generation of nuclear energy.

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Global carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in 2011 rose 2.5 percent to 34 billion tonnes, a new record, Germany’s renewable energy institute has reported.

If the current trend is sustained, worldwide CO2 emissions will go up by another 20 percent to over 40 billion tonnes by 2020.

China led the table of emitters in 2011 with 8.9 billion tonnes, up from 8.3 billion a year earlier. Its CO2 output was 50 percent more than the 6 billion tonnes in the United States.

India was third, ahead of Russia, Japan and Germany.

Disease

The deadly Ebola hemorrhagic fever has broken out in the central Ugandan district of Luwero about one month after the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the East African country free of the disease.

Volcanos

Volcanic activity world-wide:

New ash emissions occurred from Paluweh volcano (Rokatenda) today, reaching an altitude of 8,000 ft (2.4 km).

Popocatépetl in Mexico continues to produce small mostly steam emissions at high frequency (120 during 11-12 Nov), sometimes with small amounts of ash. The crater continues to glow at night.

Fuego volcano [Guatemala] has been relatively quiet during the past day, with no new explosions. The lava flow is still weakly active but has decreased to 200 m length.

The blocky lava flows descending the flanks of Santiaguito have remained active, and there are occasional weak explosions from the dome.

Reventador volcano in Ecuador remains the currently most active volcano in South America. The volcano observatory reported an new ash emission reaching 17,000 ft (about 5.2 km) altitude, i.e. an ash plume rising about 2 km above the volcano this morning.

The other volcanoes in Central and South America have not shown significant variations and mostly been quiet.

Sakurajima volcano [Japan] has been much calmer with only 1-2 weak to moderate explosions after the phase of intense explosions during 8-9 Nov.

A thermal anomaly was visible at Tinakula volcano in the Solomon Islands on 23 Oct, suggesting that some intermittent activity could be going on there.

Storms and Floods

Cyclone damages more than 100 houses in Jepara, Central Java, Indonesia. No casualties reported.

Floods caused havoc across Uganda. Worst affected is the Nagaseke District.

Tuscany, Italy is badly hit by a third day of flooding after unusually heavy downpours. 800 people were evacuated from their homes in the village of Albinia, thousands left without electricity and several towns isolated by swamped roads. The main A-1 highway was closed in parts of the region. The Tiber river burst its banks north of Rome as heavy rain moved south, flooding factories and homes near the ancient town of Orte.