Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.2 Earthquake hits southern Greece.

5.2 Earthquake hits the Banda Sea.

5.0 Earthquake hits near the east coast of Honshu, Japan.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Bougainville region, Papua New Guinea.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Solomon Islands.

4.9 Earthquake hits Borneo.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storm Andrea forms in the Atlantic approximately 270 mi (430 km) WSW of Tampa, Florida. On the forecast track, the centre of Andrea will reach the coast of the Florida Big Bend area Thursday evening and then move from southeastern Georgia across southeastern South Carolina and eastern North Carolina Thursday night and Friday.

Flooding in Slovakia

A flood emergency has been declared in Bratislava, the capital city of Slovakia.

The rising water level in the Danube River has reached 9.71 meters. The floods are expected to peak on Thursday as the flood waters from Austria reach Slovakia.

Oklahoma, USA Tornado – Update

The tornado that struck El Reno, Oklahoma some days ago is believed to be the widest on record in the United States. A 2.5-mile wide storm claimed at least 18 lives including six children.

Landslide in Nepal

At least seven people have died and four other are missing in a landslide in Taplejung region of eastern Nepal. Six people among the dead are members of the same family. The landslide occurred in the remote village of Thukimba-6 in Taplejung district.

Floodwaters Reach Eastern Germany

As the people of Prague started to clean up after three days of flooding, residents in the eastern German cities of Dresden, Halle and Meissen were bolstering their defenses against the torrents of water still surging from the Vltava, Mulde and Saale rivers into the Elbe.

While water levels subsided in parts of Bavaria, Austria and the Czech Republic, the full force of the deluge is expected to hit eastern Germany in the coming days. Soldiers, emergency services and volunteers are battling to limit the damage from the flooding, the worst on record in some parts of the country, recalling the devastation in 2002 that put whole regions of Germany, the Czech Republic, Austria and Hungary under water.

The Elbe had risen to 8.44 meters (28 feet) in Dresden. City officials said the water mark may reach 9 meters in the course of the floods, compared with 9.4 meters at the height of the 2002 catastrophe. While Dresden’s historic city center, including the Frauenkirche cathedral, will be safe because of protection installed after the 2002 floods, some city districts that are located further downstream still lack such protection. About 5,600 German soldiers are toiling in the flood areas, according to the defense ministry. The troops are reinforcing dams, giving medical aid and helping with evacuations. Contingents of Dutch and French troops are also aiding the relief effort.

In Halle on the Saale, one dam in the city has burst, prompting authorities to order 30,000 people to leave their homes. As many as 1,500 emergency staff and volunteers are working to protect the city with pumps and at least 140,000 sandbags. The Elbe reached 8.89 meters in the city of Meissen in Saxony, where water flowed into the city center and the local utility had to temporarily cut power supplies in some parts. At least 10,000 people have been evacuated in the state.

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Wildfires

Wildfires USA – And Climate Change

America’s wildfire season lasts two months longer than it did 40 years ago and burns up twice as much land as it did in those earlier days because of the hotter, drier conditions produced by climate change, according to Thomas Tidwell, the chief of the United States Forest Service.

While numerous factors determine the frequency, severity and cost of wildfires, scientific research indicates that human-induced climate change increases fire risks in parts of the Western U.S. by promoting warmer and drier conditions.

Ten years ago in New Mexico outside Los Alamos we had a fire get started. Over seven days, it burned 40,000 acres. In 2011, we had another fire. Las Conchas. It also burned 40,000 acres. It did it in 12 hours

California has already experienced 680 wildfires this year, about 200 more than average for this period of the season.

Disease

Typhoid Outbreak in Kashmir

A Typhoid epidemic has broken out in Wagoora area of north Kashmir’s Baramulla district where more than 300 patients are suffering from this water borne disease and the number is increasing with every passing day.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity:

Tolbachik (Kamchatka): Activity continues with little changes, although the slow trend of decreasing seismic activity persists. A small lava lake 20 m across and weak strombolian activity were recently observed by Russian volcanologists who visited the site. Lava flows continue to be alimented and spread mainly to the SE.

Kikai (Ryukyu Islands): New activity seems to have started from Satsuma-Iwo-jima (Kikai) volcano. A steam / gas and possibly ash-containing plume has been observed on satellite images and a thermal anomaly was visible on recent MODIS satellite data. On yesterday morning’s NASA Aqua satellite image, the plume from the volcano was about 70 km long to the SW. A thermal anomaly was visible already on images from 23 May. Kikai south of Kyushu island it is the northernmost of the volcanic Ryukyu island chain that stretches between Japan and Taiwan.

Kerinci (Sumatra): An small eruption occurred last Sunday (2 June) at 8:43 am (local time), preceded by a rise in seismic activity reported by the local volcano observatory. An ash explosion produced a small rising 300-600 m and light ash fall at Gunung Tujuh about 20 km away. According to local news, the sudden eruption caused panik among inhabitants of Sungai Rumpun village and several evacuated their homes. Some climbers who were on the volcano at the time of the explosions returned unharmed. The eruption was not signalled by VSI nor VAAC and originally only mentioned in some Indonesian media where it is not worth more than a brief note, given the large number of such events every year. Many more eruptions probably occur around the world without getting the attention of international media.

Kelimutu (Flores): VSI raised the alert level of the volcano on Flores, famous for its 3 differently colored crater lakes, from 1 to 2 (“normal” to “waspada”, “watch”) on a scaled of 1 to 4, after one of the 3 crater lakes turned from blue to white on 3 June. In addition, a strong smell of sulfur was noted by people from Pemo village a few kilometers south. The main risk in case of an eruption would be phreatic explosions, ash falls, and the possibly catastrophic draining of the lake(s) potentially causing large lahars and floods threatening nearby communities near and inside the valleys radiating from the volcano.

Pavlov (Alaska Peninsula, USA): New ash emissions resumed at approximately 11:00 AKDT (19:00 UTC) this morning and were seen in satellite data and observed by pilots. The new ash plume was drifting SE at approx. 19,000 ft (6 km) a.s.l. altitude. AVO reported weak seismicity beginning at 10:57 AKDT and raised the Aviation Color Code to Orange.