Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.6 Earthquake hits Tonga.

5.5 Earthquake hits Komandorskiye Ostrova region, Russia.

5.2 Earthquake hits south of Timor.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Kermedec Islands off New Zealand.

5.1 Earthquake hits Halmahera, Indonesia.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Kuril Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Kermedec Islands off New Zealand.

5.0 Earthquake hits Sichuan-Gansu border region, China.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms

In the Atlantic:

Tropical Storm Karen is located about 360 mi. (580 km) S of the mouth of the Mississippi River, heading toward the central Gulf of Mexico. A Hurricane Watch is in effect for Grand Isle, Louisiana to Destin, Florida. Hurricane conditions are possible within portions of the Hurricane Watch area on Saturday, with tropical storm conditions possible as soon as tonight. Strong southeasterly winds ahead of Karen were already pushing tides 1 – 1.5′ above normal along the coast from Eastern Louisiana to Alabama on Thursday night.

In the Western Pacific:

Tropical storm Fitow is located approximately 289 nm south-southeast of Kadena Air Base, Okinawa, Japan.

Tropical depression 23w is located approximately 102 nm east-northeast of Saipan.

Wildlife

Jellyfish Jam Swedish Nuclear Reactor Cooling

One of the world’s largest nuclear power reactors was forced to shut down after masses of jellyfish clogged pipes carrying seawater that cools the plant’s three reactors and turbine generators.

Officials at Sweden’s Oskarshamn nuclear power station scrambled to shut down reactor No. 3 after tons of the common moon jellyfish became caught in the pipes.

Oskarshamn spokesman Anders Osterberg said the jellyfish entered the pipes at about 60 feet below the surface of the Baltic Sea.

But he said they had not gotten through the plant’s filters or come anywhere near the reactor.

All of Oskarshamn’s reactors are boiling-water types, like those at Japan’s crippled Fukushima Daiichi plant, which suffered meltdowns following the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami disaster.

Nuclear power plants are typically built next to large bodies of water because they require a steady flow of cool water.

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Environment

Global Temperature Extremes

The week’s hottest temperature was 113.0 degrees Fahrenheit (45.0 degrees Celsius) at Mecca, Saudi Arabia.

The week’s coldest temperature was minus 81.4 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 63.0 degrees Celsius) at Russia’s Vostok Antarctic research station.

Temperatures were tabulated from the more than 10,000 worldwide synoptic weather stations. The United Nations World Meteorological Organization sets the standards for weather observations, and provides a global telecommunications circuit for data distribution.

Disease

Dengue Fever Outbreak in Delhi, India

As many as 433 dengue cases have been confirmed in the first three days of October, taking official figures to 2,557. At this rate, warn experts, Delhi is staring at its worst outbreak of the viral disease in more than a decade.

The City’s three municipal corporations that record dengue data have confirmed three deaths. There are seven suspected deaths as well — patients tested positive for dengue at hospitals and labs but the civic bodies are yet to confirm the diagnosis.

The first step towards fighting the outbreak would be for the government to stop under-reporting cases, say experts. It would make people realise the gravity of the situation and also help in creating awareness.

North Delhi is the worst hit, with 1,205 cases reported so far. The south corporation has recorded 653 cases and east 565. Rohini has the highest number of cases in the city — 567.

Zimbabwe: Suspected Newcastle Outbreak

A suspected Newcastle disease outbreak has hit Domboshava, killing large numbers of poultry daily. The disease is affecting indigenous, broiler and layers chickens, leaving fowl runs empty in Shumba, Molife and Pote areas. Some farmers said poultry has been dying for the past two weeks and most of them no longer have any birds.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity:

Sakurajima volcano (Japan): large explosion causes ash fall in Kagoshima. A moderately large explosion occurred this morning at 12:03 local time, possibly generating a pyroclastic flow to the SW side of the Showa crater. An ash plume rose to 13,000 ft (4 km) altitude and drifted over the southern part of Kagoshima city, where ash fall occurred. A similar explosion had already occurred the night before (at 04:33 local time):