Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.0 Earthquake hits the Mariana Islands.

5.3 Earthquake hits the west Chile rise.

5.1 Earthquake hits southern Peru.

5.0 Earthquake hits Vanuatu.

5.0 Earthquake hits the west Chile rise.

Mexico

A series of earthquakes rattled southern and central Mexico Sunday, forcing the evacuation of dozens of villages that sit on hillsides loosened by a deadly tropical storm last month.

More than a dozen quakes centreed along the coast of Guerrero state began around 8:30 a.m. and continued for at least three hours, ranging in strength from barely perceptible to 5.2. Authorities reported no deaths or significant damage. Authorities were evacuating between 100 and 200 hamlets, most of less than 150 people, where the heavy rains of Tropical Storm Manuel left unstable slopes on surrounding hills.

One of the strongest of Sunday’s quakes set off seismic alarms in Mexico City and authorities warned people to stay away from elevators and windows. It had its epicentre near the hamlet of La Pintada, where dozens died when a massive mudslide hit the centre of town on Sept. 16.

The first strong temblor struck at 9:27 a.m. (10:27 ET) and was centred less than 3 miles south of the coastal town of Coyuca de Benitez. It had a preliminary magnitude of 5.21.

The institute issued a preliminary magnitude of 4.96 after the second strong quake, which hit at 10:57 a.m. (11:57 ET) and was centred 27 miles south of the community of Atoyac de Alvarez, near La Pintada.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms

In the Atlantic:

In the Western Pacific:

Typhoon Danas is located approximately 381 nm southeast of Kadena Air Base, Okinawa, Japan. Typhoon Danas was blowing east of the northernmost Philippine province of Batanes on Sunday with sustained winds of 130 kilometers (81 miles) per hour and gusts of 160 kph (100 mph), but was too far out in the ocean to affect any part of the country. Danas may blow toward southern Japan later this week if it does not change direction.

Typhoon Fitow is located about 115 nm north of Taipei, Taiwan.

China sounds its highest alert over typhoon Fitnow, evacuates 417,000 people. The authorities also recalled over 65,000 fishing vessels. The red alert, the highest against typhoon, warns of strong tides and waves to be created by the typhoon. The typhoon will bring heavy or torrential rain to five provinces, Shanghai and Taiwan over the next three days. Some coastal areas may see rainfall of 250 millimetres (9.84 inches).

UPDATE – Powerful Typhoon Fitow hit eastern China after triggering an evacuation of hundreds of thousands of people. Waves batter China as Fitow makes landfall. Waves more than 20m high have been battering the coast of China’s Zhejiang province. Hundreds of thousands of people in costal areas of eastern China have been told to leave their homes and the wild weather has also disrupted trains and flights.

NewsBytes

Flooding in Bayawan in the Philippines has claimed the lives of at least two people and caused the evacuation of more than 2,000 people. Twelve hours of continuous rain caused the overflow of rivers in Bayawan City, Sta. Catalina and Basay.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity:

Tangkubanparahu (West Java): Phreatic eruptions occurred from the crater on Saturday and Sunday morning (at 06.21 and 03:37 WIB, respectively). The eruptions lasted about 10 minutes and produced small ash plumes. Volcanologists measured strong tremor accompanying the eruptions. Access to the crater (a popular tourist spot in the vicinity of the regional capital Bandung) was closed within a radius of 1.5 km.

White Island (New Zealand): The latest report of GNS/GeoNet comments on the recently increased tremor amplitude and mentions that a small steam eruption occurred on 4 October, but does not think a larger eruption is on its way.

Veniaminof (Alaska Peninsula, USA): The eruption of Veniaminof resumed this morning, the Alaska Volcano Observatory reports. “The Aviation Colour Code has been increased to Orange and the Volcano Alert Level to Watch. Seismic tremor increased over the past several hours, and highly elevated surface temperature were observed in satellite images this morning. Lava effusion has likely resumed, but no ash emissions have been observed in satellite images. Web camera images are obscured by clouds. This is a similar level of eruptive activity that first began in June 2013.” (AVO)

Wildfires

Winds fan several small fires – California – USA

Firefighters have worked through the night battling a Southern California wildfire that forced 260 residents and hospital patients to evacuate at a military base.

The fire broke out at the Marine Corps’ Camp Pendleton yesterday amid hot, dry and windy conditions. By early this morning, it had scorched 1,500 acres and was 15 percent contained.

Officials say the blaze prompted the evacuation of 230 residents from a housing unit near Lake O’Neil and caused minor damage to four buildings. Naval Hospital Camp Pendleton wasn’t threatened by the fire, but a power outage prompted officials to evacuate about 30 patients to other hospitals.

The dry and windy conditions fueled several other small fires across Southern California yesterday, including one that caused a key freeway junction north of Los Angeles to shut down. Traffic in the Newhall Pass came to a standstill when a 15-acre broke out on a hillside north of the junction of Interstate 5 and State Route 14. Freeways were closed in all directions for about 90 minutes