Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.1 Earthquake hits the North Pacific Ocean.

5.2 Earthquake hits the D’Entrecasteaux Islands region – North-east of Australia.

5.0 Earthquake hits the D’Entrecasteaux Islands region.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms

In the Western Pacific:

Typhoon Danas is located approximately 323 nm south-southwest of Sasebo, Japan.

Typhoon Danas rocked parts of Ryukyu Islands on Monday and now has its sights set on southern Japan and South Korea.

After dealing with around 125 mm (5 inches) of rain and tropical storm-force winds in Okinawa, Japan, from Typhoon Fitow Friday and Saturday, Danas slammed the Ryukyu Islands on Monday with damaging winds and blinding downpours. Wind gusts to 195 kph (120 mph) were felt across Yoron Island, as the eye of Danas passed directly overhead.

A destructive storm surge of 2.5-3.5 meters (8-12 feet), damaging winds over 120 kph (75 mph), and flooding rainfall of 4-8 inches are expected along the path of Danas, including the Kyushu and Chugoku regions of Japan, as well as the southern coastline of South Korea.

Danas acquired tropical characteristics Thursday night local time just north of Guam, and then strengthened into a typhoon Saturday night. The storm is smaller in size as compared with other typhoons in the West Pacific this year; however, areas affected by the typhoon will have to contend with potentially life-threatening flooding and damaging winds.

Danas will move in a northwesterly direction as it departs the Ryukyu Islands Monday night before then taking a turn toward the north and eventually northeast Tuesday into Wednesday. This track will take the centre of Danas very close to western Kyushu Tuesday into Tuesday night. During this time the centre is expected to remain over water as it passes between Japan and South Korea.

Danas will begin to weaken Tuesday into Wednesday as it is pulled north and northeastward by a frontal boundary. This frontal boundary will cause Danas to transition into an extra-tropical system over the Sea of Japan before making a landfall in northern Japan on Wednesday. Danas will still produce locally damaging winds along with the threat for flooding rainfall and mudslides as it moves across northern Honshu Wednesday into Wednesday night.

While Tokyo will dodge the worst of Danas, wind gusts on Wednesday could still top out between 50-65 kph (30-40 mph). Danas will then race east-northeastward away from Japan on Thursday, allowing the country to dry out and recover from any adverse impacts. Another cold front will then bring the threat for a soaking rainfall to much of Japan from later Friday into Saturday.

Typhoon Fitow:

At least five people have died, and four others are missing as Typhoon Fitow hit east China’s Zhejiang Province.

Two men died in Wenzhou city in Zhejiang province while three people died in the city of Ruian from electric shocks.

Typhoon Fitow has affected over 3 million people in eight cities of Zhejiang. About 56 bullet trains and 20 flights have been cancelled in Fujian.

Typhoon fitow china photo

In the Eastern Pacific:

Tropical storm Narda is located about 1030 mi (1655 km) SW of the southern tip of Baja California. Expected to become a hurricane today.


Forest Wildfire in Lebanon

A forest fire hit the southern Sidon town of Maghdouche causing the evacuation of students and teachers at the nearby Al-Aila School. One rescue soldier was injured. The Army along with a helicopter have been dispatched to the area.

Lebanon forest fire firefighters


Two die in wildfires in Zimbabwe – vast areas razed

The Zimbabwe Environmental Management Agency has said at least two people have died as wildfires burned nearly a million hectares of remote bush land.

State radio said Monday the agency reported two confirmed deaths in sparsely-populated areas of Mashonaland East province.

The fires were fanned by winds a month before seasonal rains are set to start around November.


Insecticide resistance could be ‘devastating’ – Malaria

Mosquitoes are becoming more resistant to the chemical poisons commonly used to control malaria, raising fears that another 120 000 people could die from the disease every year.

This was the warning from Professor Hillary Ranson of the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine at the opening of the sixth Pan-African Malaria Conference in Durban, South Africa on Monday.

Ranson said global progress in controlling malaria was at risk of being eroded and the impact of insecticide resistance could be “devastating”.

The bad news was that no new insecticides to combat malaria would be available before the end of the decade.

In the absence of new anti-malaria insecticides, governments in Africa and other malaria belts should step up efforts to monitor insecticide resistance and to rotate the variety of insecticides used to reduce the spread of the disease.

Malaria affects about 219 million people every year, and kills up to 660 000.



Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity:

Etna (Sicily, Italy): Sporadic weak explosions from the New SE crater have continued. Currently, there are no signs of increasing activity.

Klyuchevskoy (Kamchatka): The eruption continues with spectacular lava flows on the flanks of the steep cone, strombolian activity and ash emissions from the summit vent. Some great photos have been submitted into our image pool.

Karymsky (Kamchatka): Strombolian activity continues. Occasionally, such as yesterday, stronger explosions produce ash plumes detected on satellite data, reaching an estimated 6,000 ft (1.8 km) altitude.

Batu Tara (Sunda Islands, Indonesia): Explosions have produced ash plumes reaching 7,000 ft (2.1 km) altitude over the past days again.

Tangkubanparahu (West Java): Another phreatic explosion happened 7 Oct morning at 07:02 am WIB (local time).

Nevado del Ruiz (Colombia): An earthquake swarm affected the volcano on 7 Oct, including a volcanic-tectonic quake of magnitude 2.7 at 3.2 km depth northeast of the Arenas crater. This could indicate that new magma has been rising into the shallow volcano’s conduit, which might (or not) lead to new eruptive activity.

Cumbal (Colombia): No significant changes occurred during the past months. Seismic activity remains above background. The latest significant event was a shallow (and felt) mag 2.1 quake at 14 km distance from the summit on 6 Oct.

Sotará (Colombia): Seismic activity remains slightly elevated, with no significant changes over the past months, and INGEOMINAS keeps alert level yellow.