Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.3 Earthquake hits Potosi, Bolivia.

5.1 Earthquake hits Potosi, Bolivia.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Fox Islands in the Aleutian Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits south of Fiji.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Izu Islands off Japan.

5.0 Earthquake hits off the east coast of Kamchatka, Russia.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms

In the Western Pacific:

Tropical storm Nari is located approximately 430 nm east of Manila, Philippines. Expected to make landfall as a Category 1 typhoon on Luzon Island in the Philippines on October 11 and in Vietnam next week.

In the Eastern Pacific:

Tropical depression Narda is located about 1270 mi (.2045 km) WSW of the southern tip of Baja California.

In the Indian Ocean:

Tropical cyclone Phailin, in the Bay of Bengal, could hit India on Saturday evening.

In the North Indian Ocean’s Bay of Bengal, Tropical Storm Phailin has formed off the west coast of Thailand, and is moving west-northwest towards India at 8 mph. Satellite images show that Phailin is a medium-sized storm that is increasing in organisation and intensity. Water temperatures are warm, 28 – 29°C, and the ocean heat content is very high – at a level often associated with rapid intensification.

With wind shear low, Phailin should be able to intensify into at least a Category 1 storm before landfall occurs near 12 UTC on Saturday, as predicted by the Joint Typhoon Warning Centre. The India Meteorological Department (IMD) is predicting that Phailin may be able to intensify into a Category 3 storm before landfall on Saturday. The northeast coast of India where Phailin is expected to hit is vulnerable to high storm surges and is densely populated, so Phailin has the potential to be a very dangerous storm.

NewsBytes

Flash floods in Algeria have claimed the lives of at least seven people. Two rivers burst their banks in Djelfa and flooded the nearby areas. Dozens of families are taking shelter in local schools.

Wildfires

Australia – Record Heat

Firefighters were standing ready throughout NSW as authorities warn of potential catastrophic fire conditions as temperatures soar.

The heat is expected to create extreme fire danger in large parts of NSW and total bans are in place for 15 regions, including Sydney, the Blue Mountains, Central Coast Hunter and Illawarra. Sydney faces what could be its hottest October day on record, with the temperature forecast to rise to 39C.

The NSW Rural Fire Service is warning of the potential for some locations to reach catastrophic danger warnings if the weather deteriorates beyond the forecast. The hot temperature was due to a hot air mass over northern and central parts of the country. “A low pressure trough is drawing the heat down into NSW and those strong north westerly winds drawing temperatures … much hotter weather near the coast in NSW.”

The hot temperatures and strong winds are driving the fire danger with winds of up to 60-70 km/h forecasted for southern parts of NSW. The Bureau of Meteorology also forecasts gusts of up to 100 km/h, while the southern ranges could see winds up to 120km/h. Sydney is tipped to reach 37-39C, while the far west could reach 42C.

Hundreds of firefighters were on standby across the state. “There are also 26 strike teams pre-deployed into strategic locations and also around other areas of extreme risk.” Fires could start easily and spread very quickly under the forecast conditions. “They have the chance of affecting people in a matter of minutes.”

All tracks and trails in Sydney’s national parks have been closed as well as some vantage points for the departure of the tall ships.

Disease

New Encephalitis Outbreak in India

Health officials in northern India are battling to confront a new outbreak of encephalitis, a disease that has this year killed at least 350 children in one state alone. Up to 15 children have died in one hospital in the last few days.

Encephalitis, or swelling of the brain, can be caused by both bacterial and viral infection and is common across large swathes of India, especially in the post-monsoon season when mosquitoes are rife.

But the eastern part of Uttar Pradesh (UP), the vast, impoverished state that is home to more than 200m people, has emerged as the ground zero of the condition. Local reports suggest that 50,000 people have died of encephalitis in UP over the past three decades.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity:

Sakurajima (Kyushu, Japan): The volcano has had less (vulcanian) explosions, but showed near-constant strombolian activity and ash emissions today.

Reventador (Ecuador): Activity remained unchanged at moderate levels with sporadic explosions producing ash plumes up to about 1 km height.

Tungurahua (Ecuador): A new eruption occurred in the evening of 7 Oct, following an increase in seismic activity. An explosion with a cannon-shot noise ejected blocks that rolled down the flanks and caused light ash fall in Choglontus. A steam and ash column rose to 1 km above the crater during the night.