Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.5 Earthquake hits the Kashmir-Xinjiang border region, China.

5.4 Earthquake hits the Kashmir-Xinjiang border region, China.

5.4 Earthquake hits Tonga.

5.3 Earthquake hits the South Sandwich Islands.

5.2 Earthquake hits the Negros-Cebu region in the Philippines.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Bougainville region, Papua New Guinea.

5.0 Earthquake hits west of the Galapagos Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits Leyte in the Philippines.

5.0 Earthquake hits Leyte in the Philippines.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms

In the Western Pacific:

Typhoon Francisco is located approximately 613 nm southeast of Kadena Air Base, Japan.

Tropical storm Lekima is located 945 nm east of Andersen Air Force Base, Guam.

Super Typhoon Francisco has intensified to become Earth’s third Category 5 storm of 2013. The other two Cat 5s were Cyclone Phailin, which hit India earlier this month at Category 3 or 4 strength, killing 44 and causing at least $1 billion in damage, and Super Typhoon Usagi, which hit China just east of Hong Kong as a Category 2 storm on September 22, killing 50 and causing at least $3.8 billion in damage.

Francisco is a spectacular, well-organized storm with an impressive area of heavy thunderstorms and a prominent eye. With warm waters that extend to great depth and low wind shear, Francisco is likely to stay at Category 5 strength until an eyewall replacement cycle begins. Francisco is headed northwest towards Japan, and will likely stay at Category 4 or stronger intensity until Tuesday, when the storm will encounter higher wind shear and cooler waters.

In the Eastern Pacific:

Hurricane Raymond is located about 165 mi (265 km) WSW of Acapulco, Mexico. The hurricane is expected to become nearly stationary late Monday and Tuesday as it approaches the coast of Mexico within the Hurricane Warning area. Additional strengthening is expected during the next day or so, and Raymond could become a major hurricane at any time.

Hurricane Raymond threatens soaked Mexico coast; Acapulco faces more rain. Tropical Storm Raymond steamed Sunday toward Mexico’s southern Pacific coast, an area already devastated by rains and mudslides.

NewsBytes:

At least 100 people have been injured in tornado in Hayling Island in Hampshire.

At least six people have been injured in a hailstorm in Sherpur, Bogra on Sunday afternoon.

Floods inundated thousands of homes in Tebing Tinggi, North Sumatra, on Sunday, after two of the largest rivers in the area – Bahilang and Padang – burst their banks.

Floods have affected up to eight provinces across Thailand, submerging at least 28 highways and major roads.

Disease

Polio in Syria

On 17 October 2013, WHO received reports of a cluster of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) cases in the Syrian Arab Republic. This cluster of ‘hot’ AFP was detected in early October 2013 in Deir Al Zour province and is currently being investigated. Initial results from the national polio laboratory in Damascus indicate that two of the cases could be positive for polio – final results are awaited from the regional reference laboratory of the Eastern Mediterranean Region of WHO.

Wild poliovirus was last reported in Syria in 1999.

Cholera in Mexico – Update

The Ministry of Health in Mexico has reported 171 confirmed cases, including one death, of infection with Vibrio cholerae O1 Ogawa toxigenic between 9 September to 18 October 2013.

Legionnaires Disease in Alabama, USA

Health officials are investigating an outbreak of Legionnaires’ disease apparently centred at a northwest Alabama nursing home.

Cholera in Nigeria

At least eight people have died and 61 hospitalised in Plateau state after an outbreak of cholera in a community where people displaced by conflict in neighbouring areas, live.

Wildfires

Bushfires blaze in Australia’s New South Wales

Three top-level emergency warnings are in place across New South Wales with bushfires flaring up across the state as the feared hot and gusty conditions begin to materialise. Two major NSW bushfires have flared up again as firefighters brace for the worsening conditions and try to halt the formation of a “mega-fire” if the bushfires merge.

Sixty-two fires were burning across the state on Monday with 17 uncontained and emergency warnings for residents of the Blue Mountains townships of Bilpin, Berambing and Springwood.

Space Events

Asteroids and Fireballs

On Oct. 20, 2013, the NASA All Sky Fireball Network reported 28 fireballs. (17 sporadics, 8 Orionids, 1 chi Taurid, 1 southern Taurid, 1 Leonis Minorid)

NASA says a big asteroid that whizzed by Earth last month unnoticed is probably nothing to worry about when it returns much closer in 19 years.