Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.6 Earthquake hits east of the South Sandwich Islands.

5.8 Earthquake hits south of Fiji.

5.7 Earthquake hits the North Pacific Ocean.

5.5 Earthquake hits the Andaman Islands off India.

5.0 Earthquake hits Tonga.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Banda Sea.

5.0 Earthquake hits near the west coast of Colombia.

The deadly 7.2 earthquake that struck the Central Visayas in the Philippines last week created a spectacular rocky wall that stretches for kilometres through farmlands, astounding geologists.

Wall of rock phil quake

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms

In the Atlantic:

Tropical Storm Lorenzo has died in the Middle Atlantic, done in by high wind shear. None of the reliable computer models for tropical cyclone genesis are predicting any new storms developing in the coming five days.

In the Western Pacific

Tropical storm Francisco is located approximately 659 nm southwest of Ykosuka, Japan.

Typhoon Francisco has weakened to a tropical storm, and is bringing heavy rains to Japan as it stays offshore and heads northeast, parallel to the coast.

Typhoon Lekima is located approximately 194 nm east-southeast of Iwo To, Japan.

Super Typhoon Lekima, which stayed at Category 5 status for a day and a half, has now weakened to a Category 4 storm with 150 mph winds.

In the Eastern Pacific:

Tropical storm Raymond is located about 335 mi (535 km) SSW of Manzanillo, Mexico.

Tropical Storm Raymond continues to move away from the coast of Mexico, and will no longer bring heavy rains to the country.

Environment

Global Temperature Extremes

The week’s hottest temperature was 111.2 degrees Fahrenheit (44.0 degrees Celsius) at Matam, Senegal.

The week’s coldest temperature was minus 78.9 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 61.6 degrees Celsius) at Russia’s Vostok Antarctic research station.

Temperatures were tabulated from the more than 10,000 worldwide synoptic weather stations. The United Nations World Meteorological Organization sets the standards for weather observations, and provides a global telecommunications circuit for data distribution.

Wildfires

Wildfires – Australia

Firefighters are working to strengthen containment lines around three blazes burning uncontained in the Blue Mountains as the bushfire emergency in NSW eases. As the state’s bushfire crisis enters its ninth day, there are 57 bushfires burning across the state, with 23 uncontained, the Rural Fire Service says.There are three “Watch and Act” alerts current for blazes burning at Springwood, Mt Victoria and Lithgow that have now burnt through almost 60,000 hectares of bush since sparking late last week.

Forecasted cooler weather for the Blue Mountains would assist firefighters through Friday, but low humidity was also expected and would add to the fire risk. Winds were expected to be from the northeast and northwest at up to 30km/hr. More than 120,000 hectares of bush has so far been burnt across NSW since the crisis began last Thursday.

Disease

Bird Flu – China – Update

The National Health and Family Planning Commission, China notified WHO of a new laboratory-confirmed case of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus.

Bird Flu – New South Wales – Australia

The NSW Department of Primary Industries has confirmed chickens on a second farm near Young have been infected with avian influenza. It’s prompted fear among egg farmers that the first outbreak last week hasn’t been properly contained. But some are pointing the finger at free range eggs farms, saying they increase the risk of outbreaks.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity:

Stromboli (Eolian Islands, Italy): Activity has picked up during the past week. During a visit yesterday afternoon and evening, we observed frequent and often strong strombolian eruptions from the NW vent (Ginostra side), which had enlarged a lot since early this year. Explosions occurred at 5-10 minutes intervals and produced spatter-rich jets to heights to 200-300 m. Glow from the vent and weak spattering indicates that the magma column inside the western vent has risen high.

Sinabung (Sumatra, Indonesia): A new phase of explosive eruptions began Wednesday afternoon at around 16:20 local time and intensified yesterday morning between 6 and 8 am. An ash plume rose about 3 km from the volcano.