Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.6 Earthquake hits Tarapaca, Chile.

5.3 Earthquake hits Tarapaca, Chile.

5.3 Earthquake hits the Komandorskiye Ostrova region, Russia.

5.3 Earthquake hits Mindanao in the Philippines.

5.2 Earthquake hits Mindanao in the Philippines.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Kermedec Islands.

5.1 Earthquake hits Mindanao in the Philippines.

5.1 Earthquake hits offshore Valparaiso, Chile.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Volcano Islands off Japan.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Pacific-Antarctic ridge.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Philippine Islands region.

5.0 Earthquake hits Mindanao in the Philippines.

5.0 Earthquake hits Java, Indonesia.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Kuril Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits southern Sumatra, Indonesia.

5.0 Earthquake hits Mindamao in the Philippines.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms

In the Eastern Pacific:

Low pressure system Invest 93E forms off the coast of Baja California. This area of disturbed weather has the potential for tropical storm development.

Hurricane season in the Atlantic Basin officially commences on June 1. Forecasters suggest 8 – 12 named storms for 2014.

NewsBytes:

Philippines – Floods spawned by days of heavy rain have swamped the homes of at least 19,000 people in low-lying villages in North Catabato.

Environment

Ice Wall To Contain Fukushima Groundwater Contamination

Japanese authorities have approved the construction of an underground “ice wall” around the meltdown-plagued Fukushima nuclear power plant to keep groundwater from becoming contaminated before pouring into the Pacific.

The frozen barrier will be created by inserting a network of pipes to a depth of 100 feet, which will circulate a coolant that has a temperature of minus 40 degrees.

The designers say the resulting 1-mile frozen barricade of earth will help prevent a large volume of groundwater from flowing into the basements of the reactor buildings and mixing with highly radioactive water already accumulating inside.

About 300 tons of radioactive water from the plant are believed to be pouring into the adjacent Pacific each day.

Currently, a so-called groundwater bypass system pumps out some of the water before it reaches the reactor buildings.

The ice wall under construction will stretch for 1 mile and will surround reactors 1 to 4.

 

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Disease

Ebola virus disease, West Africa – update

Cases and deaths attributable to Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak continue to be reported from new (Telimele and Boffa) and some affected districts (Conakry and Macenta) that did not report cases for more than 42 days. Since the last update of Disease Outbreak News of 28 May 2014, 10 new cases and 7 new deaths have been reported. The current evolving epidemiological situation could be partly explained by persistent community resistance in some communities in Gueckedou, Macenta, and Conakry.

Cholera outbreak, South Sudan

On 15 May 2014, the Ministry of Health of South Sudan declared a cholera outbreak in Juba. The index case was retrospectively identified with onset of illness on 23 April 2014. Four cases have been laboratory confirmed following tests conducted by the African Medical Research Foundation laboratory in Nairobi, Kenya.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Etna (Sicily, Italy): Although tremor dropped significantly yesterday evening, mild strombolian activity from the New SE crater continued throughout the night. This morning, new ash emissions from the Bocca Nuova occurred again. Whether this announces a new phase of (different) activity will have to be seen.

Sangeang Api (Indonesia): Eruptions continue at the volcano after yesterday’s major explosion. Dense ash plumes rising from the summit crater can be seen on this morning’s satellite images, and a MODIS hot spot is visible on the latest satellite data, suggesting fresh magma continues to arrive at the volcano’s summit crater. In the meanwhile, the ash and SO2 plume has drifted and spread over more than 3000 km to the E and SE, covering a vast area that includes parts of northern and eastern Australia. All flights from Darwin airport have been cancelled because of the hazardous ash cloud.

San Miguel (El Salvador): Small ash emissions were reported at Chaparrastique volcano yesterday. Local observers heard rumblings and noticed ash fall in the area of Alpina Carreto. Apart from a possible eruption, a major hazard is posed by mud slides and mud flows at the slopes of the volcano. Civil protection ordered new evacuations. According to local press, school classes were suspended in 12 schools located within 5 kilometres radius of Chaparrastique due to landslides in the area generated by the rains.