Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.2 Earthquake hits Pakistan.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Bougainville Region, Papua New Guinea.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Izu Islands off Japan.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms

In the Eastern Pacific Ocean:

Hurricane Cristina is located about 285 mi (465 km) WSW of Manzanillo, Mexico.

Hurricane Cristina walled off the dry air surrounding it and put on an impressive round of rapid intensification overnight, topping out as powerful Category 4 hurricane with 150 mph winds and a central pressure estimated at 935 mb at 11 am EDT Thursday. Cristina is the second hurricane this year to reach major hurricane strength in the Eastern Pacific.

In the Arabian Sea:

Tropical cyclone Nanauk is located approximately 251 nm east-southeast of Masirah Island. Nanauk continues steaming westwards across the Arabian Sea at 11 mph towards Oman.

Environment

Flattening Mountains in China Draws Protests

A group of Chinese scientists is criticizing the country’s bulldozing of hundreds of mountains to provide more flat land for agriculture and development.

The government’s largest land-flattening operation aims to remove more than 700 mountains and shovel the debris into valleys to create nearly 100 square miles of usable land.

A smaller but similar project in Hubei province resulted in increased erosion, landslides and flooding, as well as altering the courses of rivers and streams.

Writing in the journal Nature, three academics from the School of Environmental Science and Engineering in Chang’an University say the project has not been adequately considered “environmentally, technically or economically.”

Officials say the project will generate billions of yuan from the sale or lease of the new flattened land.

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Environment

Global Temperature Extremes

TThe week’s hottest temperature was 123.8 degrees Fahrenheit (51.0 degrees Celsius) at Hafar Al-Batin, Saudia Arabia.

The week’s coldest temperature was minus 95.4 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 70.8 degrees Celsius) at Russia’s Vostok Antarctic research station.

Temperatures were tabulated from the more than 10,000 worldwide synoptic weather stations. The United Nations World Meteorological Organization sets the standards for weather observations, and provides a global telecommunications circuit for data distribution.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Stromboli (Eolian Islands, Italy): The activity at the volcano has strongly increased since about 2 weeks ago. Our group tour visited Stromboli during 8-11 June and observed at least 14 active glowing vents. It appears that the magma level has once again risen to very near the surface of the crater terrace.

About half of them were showing constant or, some, intermittent weak to strong spattering: in particular, the twin vents of the central crater, two vents in the western crater, the NW hornito, as well as, intermittently, the hornito at the northwestern rim of the NE crater.