Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.2 Earthquake hits south of Fiji.

5.1 Earthquake hits Seram, Indonesia.

5.0 Earthquake hits Iceland.

5.0 Earthquake hits Tajikistan.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Nicobar Islands off India.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:


Gl sst mm

Hurricane Odile is located about 195 mi…310 km SSW of Manzanillo Mexico and about 260 mi…420 km S of Cabo Corrientes Mexico with maximum sustained winds…75 mph…120 km/h. Present movement…NW or 315 degrees at 5 mph…7 km/h.

Hazards affecting land – wind…tropical storm conditions are possible within the watch area in southwestern Mexico today and tonight. Tropical storm conditions are possible within the watch area in southern Baja California by Sunday night. Surf…swells from Odile will affect portions of the southwestern coast of Mexico during the next couple of days…and will begin to affect southern portions of the Baja California peninsula and the southern Gulf of California on Sunday. These swells are likely to cause life-threatening surf and rip current conditions.

Tropical Storm Eduard is located about 1115 mi…1790 km ENE of the northern Leeward Islands with maximum sustained winds…50 mph…85 km/h. Present movement…NW or 305 degrees at 15 mph…24 km/h.

Tropical Storm Kalmaegi is located approximately 377 nm east of Manila, Philippines, and is tracking west-northwestward at 14 knots.

NewsBytes:

Usa – Floods ravage Memphis after record-breaking rainfall.

Global Warming

No More Pauses as Global Warming Slips Out of Control

The door of opportunity to control global warming is closing, according to United Nations climate chief Christiana Figueres.

Her warning coincided with two independent studies that indicate the recent pause in surface warming may be the last for generations.

Figueres made the comments at a conference on the effects of climate change on Pacific nations.

“Unless the world acts on climate change in a timely way, (Pacific islands) are going to be the hardest hit,” she told Agence France-Presse.

Meanwhile, researchers examining 31 climate models concluded that if greenhouse gas emissions keep rising, the chance of another 10-year period with no significant surface temperature warming will drop to virtually zero after 2030.

Scientists believe the current pause is due to excess heat being stored in the deep oceans.

Wildfires

Wildfires – California

Mandatory evacuations were underway Friday evening in Orange County as a rapidly moving brush fire has burned more than 1,300 acres in the hills of the Cleveland National Forest.

About 30 homes are being evacuated. The brush fire is being fueled by tinder-dry vegetation and is in steep, hard-to-reach terrain.

Firefighters were being aided by water-dropping aircraft as they tried to hold back flames atop ridgelines near Corona.

A Northern California wildfire started by a lightning strike a month ago has burned more than 108,000 acres in the drought-stricken state, officials said on Friday.

The fire in the Klamath National Forest started when lightning struck the Happy Camp area on Aug. 11. It was 45 percent contained on Friday.

The blaze formed a large ring and grew by 882 acres on Thursday night, said Klamath National Forest spokeswoman Andrea Capps, and it is expected to continue to grow along the ring’s southern perimeter through Friday.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Lokon volcano (North-Sulawesi, Indonesia): Small ash emissions along with white steam plumes have occurred again from the volcano recently. At the moment, there is no indications that they have been caused by new magma near the surface, and could be phreatic in nature, or due to disturbance of the hydrothermal system.

Slamet volcano (Central Java, Indonesia): eruption increases, powerful strombolian explosions. Activity at the volcano has increased and VSI raised the alert level to “siaga”, 3 on a scale of 1-4. The mild strombolian activity which had been going on for months at the volcano has become more and more intense since the beginning of September. Some explosions in the past days have been strong enough to eject incandescent material to all over the summit cone of the volcano. In its latest report on 11 Sep, VSI mentions that 165 eruptions occurred on that day with ejection heights between 50-1500 m. BNPB, Indonesian’s Civil Protection began preparing for a possible evacuation. According to them, 23,699 people are located within a radius of 5 to 6 km from the summit, and the area up to 4 km radius around the volcano has been declared an exclusion zone.

Kilauea volcano update: Lava slows, misses first homes for now. Between September 10 and 12, the June 27th flow advanced north-northeastward at an average rate of 250 m/day (820 ft/day). By the afternoon of September 12, the flow had advanced approximately 14.9 km (9.3 miles) straight-line distance from the vent, or to within 170 m (560 ft) of the boundary between the Wao Kele o Puna Forest Reserve and the northwest corner of Kaohe Homesteads. At the average rate of advancement of 250 m/day (820 ft/day) since September 10, we project that lava could flow from its current location into the northwest part of Kaohe Homesteads within a day, and to the Pāhoa Village Road (government road) in Pāhoa within 20 days if there are no major changes.