Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.3 Earthquake hits the Bonin Islands off Japan.

5.3 Earthquake hits off the east coast of North Island, New Zealand.

5.2 Earthquake hits Easter Island.

5.2 Earthquake hits off the east coast of North Island, New Zealand.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

Tropical storm 16w (Fung-Wong), located approximately 135 nm south-southeast of Shanghai, China, and is tracking northwestward at 10 knots.

Tropical Depression Polo is located about 250 mi…400 km W of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…35 mph…55 km/h. Present movement…W or 270 degrees at 8 mph…13 km/h.

Polo is expected to become a remnant low later today.

NewsBytes:

Texas, USA – Heavy rains of more than 14 inches in places were causing flash floods in West Texas.

Environment

Challenges Outpacing Human Evolution

A new study warns that humankind has now reached an evolutionary paradox—not evolving fast enough to adapt to the environmental changes it’s causing while at the same time being unable to control the constantly evolving pests and diseases that threaten its survival.

Writing in the online Science Express, a team of international scientists argues that new evolutionary thinking is necessary to address these challenges.

“Evolutionary biology is often overlooked in the study of global challenges,” said lead author Scott Carroll of the University of California, Davis.

“By looking at humanity’s problems across the domains of nature conservation, food production and human health, it is clear that we need to strengthen evolutionary biology throughout the disciplines and develop a shared language among them,” Carroll added.

The research was funded by the National Science Foundation and the Australian-American Fulbright Commission.

Global Warming

Global Carbon Emissions Reach New Record High

Concentrations of carbon dioxide will surge to a new high in the atmosphere in 2014, scientists announced today in advance of the U.N. Climate Summit in New York City.

Global carbon dioxide emissions are projected to soar to 44 billion tons (40 billion metric tons) this year, a 2.5 percent increase from 2013 levels, according to joint studies published today (Sept. 21) in the journals Nature Climate Change and Nature Geoscience. The new estimates come from the Global Carbon Project, an international effort to track the global carbon cycle, from sky to sea.

This week, leaders of 125 countries will meet in New York for the U.N. Climate Summit, which is intended to jump-start a global pact to cut greenhouse gases and slow down climate change.

The study authors warn that the world has 30 years to reverse the ominous trend before global warming surpasses the 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit (2 degrees Celsius) target set at a 2009 climate summit in Copenhagen.

About 75 percent of carbon dioxide emissions come from burning fossil fuels such as oil and gas, and from making cement, the study reports. In the atmosphere, carbon dioxide absorbs heat and raises temperatures on Earth. Because the gas lingers in the atmosphere for decades, even immediate and drastic cuts won’t lower its levels for decades.

The biggest carbon dioxide offenders are China, India, the United States and the European Union. Data shows China’s per capita emissions now outstrip Europe’s for the first time. However, the United States still has the highest per capita consumption. Each person in the United States has a carbon footprint of 18 tons (16.4 metric tons) per year, more than twice that of a person in China and eight times that of someone in India.

Here are the emission counts for 2013:

India’s emissions jumped by 5.1 percent, the biggest expansion of any country, thanks to that nation’s rapid economic growth. But India’s total emissions make up just 6.5 percent of the global total.

China’s emissions increased by 4.2 percent, a somewhat smaller increase compared to previous years. China now accounts for 28 percent of global emissions, more than the United States and Europe combined.

The United States’ emissions rose by 2.9 percent, due to a rebound in coal consumption. U.S. emissions had declined by 3.7 percent in 2012. The country’s contribution last year made up 14 percent of global emissions.

The European Union’s emissions fell by 1.8 percent, due to a weak economy in some member countries. Europe emitted 10 percent of global carbon dioxide.