Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Bardarbunga (Iceland): Activity continues with little changes and remains quite intense. The Icelandic Coast Guard made an aerial survey of the eruption site. According to IMO, the fissure is 1.5 km long, but only erupts from a 600-800 m long central section. A single crater has been active at its southern end, but little or no lava extrudes from it now. Lava fountains rise to a height of a few tens of meters where the activity is greatest, centrally on the fissure.

Kilauea (Hawai’i): The June 27 lava flow remains active and is now only approx. 2 km from the nearest inhabited area. Its farthest front had been spreading in the forest over the past few days and was seen to be spilling into yet another ground crack about 12.6 km (~7.8 miles) from the vent and about 1.9 km (~1.2 miles) from the eastern boundary of the Wao Kele o Puna Forest Reserve.

San Miguel (El Salvador): Seismic activity, in particular the level of internal vibration (tremor), has increased again at the volcano. This follows a month of lower values detected.


Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.2 Earthquake hits south of Tonga.

5.0 Earthquake hits Iceland.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Babuyan Islands in the Philippines.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

No current tropical storms.


Sweden – Heavy rains and flash floods have snarled road and rail traffic in Sweden and Denmark, with divers called to rescue people in submerged vehicles. Overnight rains which spread into Sunday forced the evacuation of residents from waterlogged homes in some areas. Buses in the Swedish city of Malmo came to halt after vehicles broke down on flooded roads. Divers and rescue workers helped passengers trapped in submerged cars and buses, in one case breaking the window of a bus and dragging people out on an extended ladder.


Nature – Images

Interesting Images:

Giant Crack Appears in Northwestern Mexico

The sudden appearance of a massive crack on the surface of northwestern Mexico has scientists scratching their heads and a road crew trying to bridge the new chasm.

The 26-foot-deep crack stretches for nearly two-thirds of a mile near the Sonora state capital of Hermosillo.

It blocks traffic on federal Highway 26 between that city and the Gulf of California port of Bahia de Kino.

Civil protection officials believe an earthquake is responsible for the fissure, but University of Sonora geologists say a subterranean stream could have undermined the ground.

They believe the stream was created when a levee built by local farmers sprang a leak.



Dolphin butchering time again in Japan – sparks protest in Phillippines

Filipino activists protest in Manila, Philippines at the Japanese embassy against the controversial six-month dolphin hunting as it kicks-off in Japan on September 1. The dolphin hunting season began today in the town of Taiji. In the annual catch, people from the southwestern town corral hundreds of dolphins into a secluded bay and butcher them.



Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Bardarbunga (Iceland): The fissure eruption is continuing at a stable level with little variation. A curtain of lava fountains up to 70 m high is being erupted above the fissure and pahoehohoe type lava flows are expanding to several kilometers around it, forming a growing flat lava flow field. The effusion rate along the fissure vent has been estimated to be up to an impressive 1000 cubic meters per second. Update from IMO this morning: “No explosive activity is observed, the eruption remains an effusive lava eruption. Visual observation by webcam and low level volcanic tremor on seismometers do not show any obvious changes since evening.

Seismic activity:

Around 250 earthquakes have been automatically detected until now. Most of them are located in the northern part of the magma intrusion, between the eruption site and south to about 10 km into Dynjujökull. Strongest events were up to around magnitude 2. The rate of events has decreased as a result of pressure release due to the eruption, but there is still ongoing continuous seismicity.


Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.5 Earthquake hits the southeast Indian ridge.

5.3 Earthquake hits the northern Mid-Atlantic ridge.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Hindu Kush, Afghanistan.

5.1 Earthquake hits the South Georgia Island region.

5.0 Earthquake hits Vanuatu.

5.0 Earthquake hits the west Chile rise.

5.0 Earthquake hits south of the Kermedec Islands.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

No current tropical storms.


Philippines – A boy was killed and three others injured in a landslide in Maguindanao, while the heavy rains also left many areas of Pagalungan town, also in Maguindanao, under water. The heavy rains, also submerged the low-lying Maguindanao towns of Sultan Kudarat, Kabuntalan, Datu Odin Sinsuat, Datu Piang, Sultan sa Barongis, Rajah Buayan, Datu Hofer, Mamasapano and Pagalungan affecting more than 23 000 people.

Nepal – Nepal is facing its worst floods and landslides in a decade with at least 256 people killed and 255 remaining missing in floods and landslides over the past two months since the monsoon season began in June. According to the Home Ministry, 151,073 people were directly affected and 15,201 families displaced in the flooding disasters.


Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Bardarbunga (Iceland): A new eruptive phase has started at the same fissure that had been briefly active Friday morning. The new eruption seems to be bigger than the previous one and located slightly north of the Friday fissure vent. The active fissure was estimated to be 1.5 km long and is located approx. 9 km north of the Dyngjujökull glacier in the Holuhraun lava plain. At the same time, intense seismic activity continues. More than 200 earthquakes have been detected since midnight, both under the active intrusion under and north of the rim of the glacier NE of the volcano as well as under the caldera of Bárdarbunga itself. The stringest were 7 quakes with magnitudes between 3.0 and 3.8. According to IMO, “the new eruption started in Holuhraun shortly after 04 AM, on the same volcanic fissure, which erupted earlier this week. The fissure is estimated to be 1,5 km long. “…Fewer earthquakes seem to follow the event than in the previous eruption, but more lava is being extruded. At 07 AM the lava flow was around 1 km wide and 3 km long towards northeast. The thickness was estimated a few meters, the flow about 1000 m3 pr second. Approximately 500 earthquakes were detected in the area and smaller than before. The strongest earthquake, M3.8 was in the Bárðarbunga caldera. Poor weather conditions prevail in the area, which makes detection of smaller earthquakes difficult.


South Sudan Disease

South Sudan’s cholera crisis is waning but humanitarian workers are now battling increased cases of malaria and the parasitic disease kala azar, with children most affected.

Conflict between the government and rebels has displaced 1.7 million people, or one in seven of the population, since December, with famine on the horizon.

While a cholera outbreak appears to be under control, other diseases are plaguing South Sudan’s hungry, displaced people.

The latest emergency operations are focusing on malaria and kala azar, a parasitic disease transmitted by the bite of a sandfly which is usually fatal without treatment. MSF treated about 200 people for kala azar in Upper Nile State, one of the areas worst hit by fighting, in July.

With the onset of the rains producing stagnant water for mosquitoes, there has also been a “spike” in malaria, MSF said.

MSF treated almost 700 malaria cases in Pamat and Aweil, the capital of northern Bahr el Ghazal State in July, mostly pregnant women and children. There are tens of thousands of displaced people in the area, which is to the west of the main oil-rich conflict zone.

The appalling conditions in which the 1.1 million internally displaced live increases their vulnerability.


Wildfires – California and Oregon

Two wildfires sparked by lightning nearly three weeks ago were still growing on Saturday while threatening as many as 250 homes in far Northern California.

Low humidity and warm weather helped the fires burning in the Klamath National Forest one mile east of the gold mining and logging town of Happy Camp continue its sweep through steep terrain packed with trees desiccated by the state’s extreme drought, Forest Service spokesman Marc Peebles said.

The two fires are the largest among about 20 that broke out in the forest when a thunderstorm moved through the area on Aug. 11. Originally located a few miles apart, they had merged by Saturday morning and together charred more than 90 square miles, about 21 square miles more than a day earlier.

Nearly 2,000 firefighters and 11 helicopters are assigned to the Happy Camp Complex blazes. As of Saturday, they remained just 15 percent contained.

Wildfires are still lighting up parts of Oregon.

The evacuation level has been lowered for areas affected by the Deception Creek Fire, the Willamette National Forest Service announced on Saturday afternoon.

The Deception Creek Mobile Home Park, Middle Fork Ranger Station and homes along La Duke Road are now under evacuation level 1. Area residents are advised to prepare for a potential evacuation but that there’s no immediate threat.

The fire is the largest in the Deception Complex — at 1,916 acres, it makes up the majority of the 2,196–acre affected area. The Oakridge airport is closed to civilian air traffic. It’s currently being used as a helicopter base for fire-fighting crews.

The fire is currently 55 percent contained. It was sparked by lightning in the area in mid-July.

Other fires throughout the state:

The 790 Fire northeast of Medford has charred 2,260 acres. The perimeter is 5 percent contained and the Pacific Crest Trail is still closed from its southern boundary at Crater Lake National Park down to Highway 140. The Forest Service estimates that it was started at approximately 2 p.m. on July 31. The

A fire sparked on Aug. 29 has nearly reached 3,000 acres in size just south of Monument. There’s no cause yet announced for the Lost Hubcap Fire, which burned between 1,200 and 1,500 acres soon after it was reported.

The South Fork Complex Fire is still approximately 96 percent contained. The expected containment date for the 66,179-acre fire is Sept. 1. The Murderer’s and Deer creek recreational facilities are closed as of 4:19 p.m. on Saturday.

The Bald Sisters Fire is also still burning east of Prairie City, which sits west of Baker City. the 1,238-acre blaze has the Beulah Unit bowhunting territory closed for the time being. The fire was sparked by lightning on Aug. 2