Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.2 Earthquake hits the Kermedec Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits Guam.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

Tropical Depression Vance is located about 40 mi…70 km NW of Las Islas Marias Mexico with maximum sustained winds…35 mph…55 km/h. Present movement…NE or 50 degrees at 13 mph…20 km/h.

Hazards affecting land – rainfall…the combination of Vance and moisture spreading northward and northeastward ahead of the system are expected to produce rainfall totals of 4 to 8 inches with isolated amounts near 12 inches through today over the states of Sinaloa…Nayarit…and Durango in western Mexico. Surf…swells generated by Vance are affecting portions of the coast of southwestern Mexico and Baja California sur.

Typhoon 20w (Nuri), located approximately 182 nm west-southwest of Iwo To, and is tracking north-northeastward at 12 knots.

NewsBytes:

Caribbean – Heavy rainfall caused by a cluster of storms in the northern Caribbean has claimed lives of at least eight people in Haiti. Major flooding has been also reported in the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico.

Global Warming

Australia is ‘holding back’ global climate change fight

Australia is a drag on international efforts to tackle climate change, says leading economist and former government adviser Professor Ross Garnaut.

Prof Garnaut said the country had failed to make its “fair share” of greenhouse gas cuts.

Earlier, Prime Minister Tony Abbott reiterated his position that coal was the foundation of global energy needs.

Australia has the world’s highest carbon emissions per capita and is its second biggest coal exporter.

Prof Garnaut was appointed by the previous Labor government to examine the impact of climate change on the Australian economy.

He said it was clear before the last election that the main political parties supported Australia’s commitment to the United Nations to cut emissions unconditionally by 5% from 2000 levels by 2020 – and by a further between 15% and 25%, depending on the extent of international action.

He was reacting to comments by Mr Abbott made earlier in the day that coal was the foundation of Australia’s prosperity and would be so “for the foreseeable future”.

Mr Abbott said that if the world was serious about lifting the living standards of the poorest people, “we have to be serious about making the best use of coal”.

A UN-backed expert panel has warned that the unrestricted use of fossil fuels must be phased out by 2100 if the world is to avoid dangerous climate change.

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change says most of the world’s electricity can – and must – be produced from low-carbon sources by 2050.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Sakurajima (Kyushu, Japan): The volcano’s activity is currently elevated. At least 3 explosions yesterday produced ash plumes that rose to more than 10,000 ft (3 km) altitude.

Sinabung (Sumatra, Indonesia): Growth of the viscous lava dome and lava lobe on the southeastern flank continues. Several pyroclastic flows, mostly smaller ones, have occurred from time to time during the past days. At least some of them seem now to affect the previously untouched western flank, perhaps as the result of the changed topography at the summit due to the accumulated lava.

Kilauea (Hawai’i): USGS staff from HVO measured the lava flow yesterday and reported that “the leading edge of the flow has not advanced since last Thursday, October 30, but the flow continued to inflate, and minor breakouts were scattered across the flow interior behind the flow front. The most significant (although still minor) breakouts were occurring about 370 meters (405 yards) above Apaʻa Street on Tuesday afternoon.

Popocatépetl (Central Mexico): The volcano’s activity remains essentially unchanged. A new lava dome is slowly growing in the inner summit crater and produces glow at night and occasional small explosions. During the past 24 hours, activity has been a bit more intense. An explosion 20 minutes ago sent incandescent material to approx. 600 m distance outside the crater rim.

Copahue (Chile/Argentina): Light ash emissions occurred yesterday from the volcano. Glow continues to be visible from the crater at night. SERNAGEOMIN keeps the volcano’s alert status unchanged at yellow.

Piton de la Fournaise (La Réunion): There are signs that a new eruption could be on its way: an increasing number of shallow earthquakes has been registered under the volcano recently. The volcano observatory (OVPF) and the prefecture raised the alert level to 1 (on a scale of 0-3), which includes some access restrictions to the enclos (the caldera of the volcano).