Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.2 Earthquake hits North Island, New Zealand.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Pagan region in the North Mariana Islands.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Mid-Indian ridge.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Typhoon 22w (Hagupit), located approximately 640 nm east-southeast of Manila, Philippines, and is tracking west-northwestward at 12 knots.

Super Typhoon Hagupit has become a potentially catastrophic tropical cyclone in the tropical western Pacific Ocean after undergoing a period of explosive and rapid intensification. Uncertainty remains high in its future track, but there is increasing concern that the super typhoon could eventually strike the Philippines — where it has been named Ruby — with devastating force.

NewsBytes:

Morocco – Fresh floods triggered by torrential rains have killed 11 people in Morocco, a week after a storm left 36 dead. Storms again lashed the south of the kingdom, with the resort of Agadir experiencing the equivalent of an entire year’s rainfall – more than 250mm (10 inches).

Global Warming

No standstill in global warming: 2014 will be world’s hottest year ever

This year is set to be the hottest on record both in Britain and around the world, with climate scientists pointing to rising levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide as the most likely cause.

Records for January to October show that the global average air temperature over land and sea surface was about 0.57C above the average of 14C for the period between 1961 to 1990, and 0.09C above the average for the past 10 years, according to the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO).

The global figures suggest that 2014 is set to become the hottest ever, beating the previous records of 2010, 2005 and 1998. Much of the extra warmth is being detected in the oceans, both at the surface and at deeper depths where the bulk of the extra heat is ending up.

Meanwhile the central England temperature record, which dates back to 1659 and is the longest set of instrumental records in the world, shows that 2014 is also set to be one of the warmest British years on record, according to the Met Office.

Every month of this year so far, except August, has seen above-average temperatures in the UK, and while no single month has set a new temperature record, the year as a whole has been consistently and unusually warm, the Met Office said.

Climate researchers will use the latest data to puncture the myth that global warming has stalled and will urge negotiators at the climate change negotiations in the Peruvian capital Lima to take note of what they see as incontrovertible evidence that the world is on path towards dangerous global warming.

Disease

Foot and Mouth Disease

Namibia – Foot-and-mouth disease outbreak in Linyanti. A foot and mouth disease (FMD) outbreak was detected in the Zambezi region’s Linyanti constituency on Monday. According to Iita, the affected animals are to be found on an island between the Sapisi and Linyanti rivers. Linyantu is located 80 kilometres (km) south-west of Katima Mulilo.

North Korea – An outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) has been confirmed Thursday at a pig farm located some 100 kilometres south of Seoul.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Bardarbunga (Iceland): The eruption continues with little changes. While most of the lava now remains on top of the already emplaced lava field, more than 75 square km large, several lateral outbreaks are active as well. The most active one, to the north, has advanced more than 450 m in a single day. Seismic activity remains high under the volcano – yesterday, 2 earthquakes above magnitude 2 occurred under Bárðarbunga. No significant earthquake activity occurs under the erupting dyke, suggesting the situation is stable.

Nishino-shima (Volcano Islands, Japan): (3 Dec) The eruption continues and has been going for more than a year now. It has enlarged the island to 1.89 square km (0.73 square miles). The highest point is now approx. 100 m above sea level.

Ruapehu (North Island): (3 Dec) Recent measurements by NZ scientists indicate that the volcano’s crater lake is currently in a cooling trend. At 15 deg C, it has the lowest temperature recorded since April 2010. According to GeoNet, the current cycle is part of the normal behavior of the lake.

Kilauea (Hawai’i): (3 Dec) The new lava lobe continues to advance and widen. As of this morning, it was only 4.3 km (2.7 miles) from Highway 130. A surge in lava supply resulted in an advance rate of 400 m per day! At this rate it could reach Pahoa again by 12 December, if it follows the current flow path along the steepest slope to the north-northeast. If it follows another possible path, it could hit Ainaloa instead. It might even follow both paths, but it is too early to predict this.

Shishaldin (United States, Aleutian Islands): (3 Dec) Seismic activity remains elevated. According to the Alaska Volcano Observatory, “a low-level lava eruption is probably still occurring”, although cloud cover prevents visual confirmation by satellite.

Piton de la Fournaise (La Réunion): A new eruption could be under way at the volcano. An increase in seismic activity, inflation of the volcanic edifice, and SO2 gas mixed into the degassing plume, typical for a fresh magma intrusion at shallow depth have been detected by the volcano observatory (OVPF). The prefecture raised the alert for the volcano again to “Vigilance”, after it had been lowered on 1 Dec only. The changed status means that police, civil protection and other authorities are on standby to react quickly if an eruption occurs. Access to Enclos Fouque is not yet closed to public, but hikers must stay on marked trails.