Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.8 Earthquake hits the Bougainville region, Papua New Guinea.

6.0 Earthquake hits the Banda Sea.

5.8 Earthquake hits the Panama-Costa Rice border.

5.8 Earthquake hits offshore Guatemala.

5.7 Earthquake hits the Bougainville region, Papua New Guinea.

5.2 Earthquake hits the Bougainville region, Papua New Guinea.

5.2 Earthquake hits the Bougainville region, Papua New Guinea.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Bougainville region, Papua New Guinea.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Super Typhoon 22w (Hagupit), located approximately 198 nm east-southeast of Manila, Philippines, and is tracking northwestward at 5 knots.

At 10:00 a.m. local time, the eye of Typhoon Hagupit (local name ‘Ruby’) was located 20 km East of Cataingan, Masbate. The typhoon ripped through the central Philippines on Sunday, bringing howling winds that flattened houses and toppled trees and power lines in areas still scarred from a deadly super-storm just over a year ago. In the coastal villages of Dolores, on Samar island, where Typhoon Hagupit first made landfall on Saturday night, Mayor Emiliana Villacarillo said around 80 percent of homes were destroyed. More than 1.2 million people had crowded into over 1,500 schools, civic centres, town halls, gyms and churches used as evacuation centres across the central Philippines.

NewsBytes:

Bulgaria – The state of emergency declared after heavy flooding in southeast of Bulgaria continues on Saturday and Sunday. Torrential rainfall caused flooding in both Galabovo and Radnevo, with blackouts in Galabovo, Novinite reported. A “code red” danger warning has been issued for the Maritsa River valley near the town of Svilengrad and along the Tundzha River valley near Elhovo in southern Bulgaria.

Global Warming

Global Warming Already Causing Great Changes

Earth has already undergone significant climate and environmental changes since world leaders first gathered to try to solve global warming more than two decades ago.

Diplomats from more than 190 nations are now meeting in Lima, Peru, to prepare for a new treaty slated to be signed next year to finally reduce greenhouse gas emissions—albeit many years from now.

An Associated Press survey found that worldwide CO2 emissions are up 60 percent, sea level has risen 3 inches and the average global temperature is up 0.6 degree Fahrenheit since 1996.

Almost 5 trillion tons of ice that once covered Greenland and Antarctica also have melted during the period.

The number of climate, water and weather disasters each year has more than doubled, compared to the period from 1983 to 1992, according to Belgium’s Center for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters.

“Simply put, we are rapidly remaking the planet and beginning to suffer the consequences,” Michael Oppenheimer, professor of geosciences and international affairs at Princeton, told the AP.

Disease

Cholera in Ghana

The Goaso Government Hospital in the Brong Ahafo region has recorded 94 cholera cases with three deaths in two months despite reports of the drastic reduction in the rate of infection for the past few months.

Cholera has claimed over 100 lives with more than 10,000 cases recorded across the country since its outbreak this year.

Chikungunya in Mexico

The number of locally acquired chikungunya cases in Mexico have climbed to 74 in epidemiological week 49 ending Dec 5. The North American country, south of the border, saw its first autochthonous case of the painful mosquito borne viral disease the epidemiological week 45 ending Nov. 7, according to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO).

Local transmission, or autochthonous means that mosquitoes in the area have been infected with chikungunya and are spreading it to people.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Fogo (Cape Verde): The eruption intensified according to news reports on Saturday, and destroyed most of what still had been left of Portela. The new lava flow advanced at 30 meters per hour and consumed another 20 houses and the sports center. The flow is now headed towards Bangaeira village, which is threatened to suffer the same fate as Portela in a short time. Authorities ordered full evacuation of the area. One of the main access roads, only opened a few days ago, was also destroyed again by the lava flows, making the evacuation of people and remaining goods difficult.

Aso (Kyushu): The strombolian activity from Nakadake crater continues to be quite intense. At least 2 vents are active, producing frequent explosions with incandescent ejecta and ash plumes that rise a few 100 meters.

Reventador (Ecuador): A new lava flow started to descend the southwest flank of the summit cone on 2 Dec and is still active. It has reached the base of the cone and is now approx. 1 km long. The recent surge in lava effusion began on 2 Dec. A similar lava flow occurred earlier in November.