Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.0 Earthquake hits Sabah, Malaysia.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Kermedec Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits southwestern Siberia, Russia.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Bonin Islands off Japan.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Hurricane Blanca is located about 350 mi…560 km SSW of Manzanillo Mexico and about 640 mi…1030 km SSE of Cabo San Lucas Mexico with maximum sustained winds…105 mph…165 km/h. Present movement…NW or 320 degrees at 10 mph…17 km/h. Hazards affecting land – surf: swells generated by Blanca are affecting the coast of southwestern Mexico and will reach the Pacific coast of the Baja California peninsula and the southern Gulf of California later today. These swells are likely to cause life-threatening surf and rip current conditions..

NewsBytes:

Australia – Residents in parts of southeast Australia’s Victoria, New South Wales and Tasmania states awakened to a winter wonderland after an Antarctic blast brought a sudden and unusually deep snow cover, even to low elevations. The snow arrived on June 1, which is considered the first day of the Southern Hemisphere’s meteorological winter. Almost 8 inches of snow fell throughout New South Wales’ ski resorts, which were only a few days away from opening for the season.

Global Warming

Decades-Long Weather Shifts Due From Atlantic Cooling

A powerful shift emerging in North Atlantic ocean currents is on the verge of bringing broad-scale changes in the world’s weather that could last for decades, according to a new study.

The Atlantic Multi-decadal Oscillation (AMO) has been found to affect climate for periods of 20 to 30 years. It has been linked to fewer Atlantic hurricanes, drier summers in Britain and Ireland as well as drought in northern Africa’s Sahel region.

The impending onset of the negative (cold) phase of the AMO can be predicted by a slowing of North Atlantic ocean currents, which has recently been observed.

The weaker currents fail to bring warmer waters that typically move from the tropics to the North Atlantic during the positive phase.

Writing in the journal Nature, lead researcher Gerard McCarthy says that since the new negative phase of the AMO could be a degree cooler, it may temporarily offset the effects of global warming in some areas.

The AMO has undergone three major transitions over the past 90 years. It brought significant warming during the 1930s and the mid-1990s, and cooling during the 1970s.

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The Global Warming Hiatus Might Not Exist

The global warming hiatus — a decade-plus slowdown in warming — could be chalked up to some buoys, a few extra years of data and a couple buckets of seawater.

That’s the finding of a new study published on Thursday in Science, which uses updated information about how temperature is recorded, particularly at sea, to take a second look at the global average temperature. The findings show a slight but notable increase in that average temperature, putting a dent in the idea that global warming has slowed over the past 15 years, a trend highlighted in the most recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report.

The term “ global warming hiatus” is a bit of a misnomer. It refers to a period of slower surface warming in the wake of the 1997-98 super El Niño compared to the previous decades. However, make no mistake, the globe’s average temperature has still risen over that period (including record heat in 2014) and temperatures now are the hottest they’ve been since record keeping began in the 1880s. So let’s call it what it really is: a slowdown, not a disappearance of global warming.

The new findings show that even the concept of the slowdown could be overstated.

Global warming graph

Environment

Global Temperature Extremes

The week’s hottest temperature was 120.2 degrees Fahrenheit (49.0 degrees Celsius) at Pasni, Pakistan.

The week’s coldest temperature was minus 106.1 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 76.7 degrees Celsius) at Russia’s Vostok Antarctic research station.

Temperatures were tabulated from the more than 10,000 worldwide synoptic weather stations. The United Nations World Meteorological Organization sets the standards for weather observations, and provides a global telecommunications circuit for data distribution.

Wildfires

Wildfires – Alaska

Fire crews continue to battle two growing wildfires southeast of the Kuskokwim River in Interior Alaska.

Crews in the Whitefish Lake area were able to join two lightning-started fires together in a burnout operation, and are now managing it as a single fire, according to a fire update by the Alaska Interagency Coordination Center. Known as the Whitefish Lake 1 Fire, it has grown to 14,200 acres and is burning in the Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge roughly 10 miles southwest of Kalskag.

Crews have established a control line on the eastern side of the fire and are utilizing water-scooping aircraft to create a control line on the west side. Excepting emergency aircraft, a temporary flight restriction has been placed over the fire.

A second fire in the area has reached 8,268 acres. Crews have begun efforts to contain the Bogus Creek Fire using natural barriers. The fire is located just south of the Whitefish Lake Fire 1, and was also started by lightning.

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Update

Between 1 and 3 June 2015, the National IHR Focal Point of the Republic of Korea notified WHO of 15 additional confirmed cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV), including 1 death.

Between 26 and 30 May 2015, the National IHR Focal Point for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia notified WHO of 9 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection, including 4 deaths.

On 29 May 2015, the National IHR Focal Point of Oman notified WHO of 1 additional case of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Colima (Western Mexico): (3 Jun) Explosions of various sizes continue to occur from the volcano’s summit vent. A particularly spectacular one this morning around 06:10 local time showered the summit cone with incandescent material and triggered small pyroclastic flows.

Bagana (Bougainville Island, Papua New Guinea): Based on satellite observations, the volcano has produced a number of ash plumes rising to approx. 8,000 ft (2.4 km) altitude, which drifted 40 km to the west. (VAAC Darwin) A strong heat source has been visible at the crater since 21 May as well. This suggests a new eruptive phase is in course, likely in form of a lava dome extrusion and/or mild strombolian activity.