Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.3 Earthquake hits Tonga.

5.4 Earthquake hits the Galapagos Islands.

5.4 Earthquake hits Tonga.

5.3 Earthquake hits the Mariana Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits Nepal.

5.0 Earthquake hitsTonga.

5.0 Earthquake hits Mindanao in the Philippines.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

Tropical cyclone (tc) 01a (Ashobaa), located approximately 74 nm east-northeast of Masirah Island, Oman, is tracking westward at 04 knots

Tropical Storm Carlos is located about 165 mi…265 km SSW of Acapulco Mexico and about 215 mi…345 km SSE of Zihuatanejo Mexico with maximum sustained winds…60 mph…95 km/h. Present movement…stationary.

Hazards affecting land – wind: tropical storm conditions are possible within the watch area by Saturday night. Rainfall: locally heavy rains could spread over portions of the

southern coast of Mexico, primarily in the states of Oaxaca and Guerrero, during the next couple of days. Surf: swells associated with the depression are expected to increase near the coast of southern Mexico during the next few days. These swells could cause life-threatening surf and rip current conditions.

NewsBytes:

Nepal – The death toll in the Taplejung landslide has risen to 53, with at least 12 more injured. More than 25 houses were swept away. In a separate incident, flooding and landslides triggered by incessant rainfall in Sankhuwasabha, Nepal have claimed one life. The floods have washed away more than a dozen bridges in the district.

May Was America’s Wettest Month on Record

Most residents in flood-ravaged parts of America’s southern Plains won’t argue with the finding that May turned out to be the wettest month since record-keeping began 121 years ago.

The average rainfall for the month across the contiguous United States was 4.36 inches, or 1.45 inches greater than average.

NOAA climate scientist Jake Crouch calculated that more than 200 trillion gallons of water fell from the American sky during May.

Despite the Texas and Oklahoma deluges during the month, the states of Connecticut, Delaware, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Massachusetts and South Carolina each recorded a top 10 driest May ever.

The cloudbursts in the Plains resulted from a stalled weather pattern that allowed storm after storm to pass over the same areas.

The weather shift ended a five-year drought in Texas and Oklahoma.

The record rainfall in the southern Great Plains was in contrast to the arid conditions experienced in the East and along the Pacific Coast of the United States.

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Global Warming

Pause in Global Warming Never Happened

An update of recent temperature records released by NOAA reveals that the highly advertised hiatus in global warming so far this century never really happened.

NOAA says that more data from a doubling of reliable weather stations on land and fine-tuning of how ship observations at sea are compared with buoy readings reveals that Earth’s average global surface temperature warmed 0.2 degrees Fahrenheit each decade since 1950, without interruption.

The director of NOAA’s National Climatic Data Centre, Thomas Karl, says that with new data and calibrations, “this (warming) hiatus or slowdown simply vanishes.”

Writing in the journal Science, Karl and colleagues point out that the decision by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change to use 1998 as the starting point of what was thought to be a warming hiatus skewed the climatological tabulations, since that year marked an extremely warm El Niño event in the tropical Pacific.

They say 2014 was among the warmest years on record worldwide, and the way 2015 has begun, it could turn out to be even hotter.

Graphs show how new data and recalibration of archive weather data affect the plotting of global warming.

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Environment

Global Temperature Extremes

The week’s hottest temperature was 120.2 degrees Fahrenheit (49.0 degrees Celsius) at Mecca, Saudi Arabia.

The week’s coldest temperature was minus 88.6 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 67.0 degrees Celsius) at the U.S. Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station.

Temperatures were tabulated from the more than 10,000 worldwide synoptic weather stations. The United Nations World Meteorological Organization sets the standards for weather observations, and provides a global telecommunications circuit for data distribution.

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Update

Between 5 and 8 June 2015, the National IHR Focal Point for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia notified WHO of 8 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Asama (Honshu): The Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) raised the alert of the volcano from 1 to 2 (on a scale of 1-5), as the volcano has recently been showing growing signs of unrest – increased seismic activity and strongly elevated gas emissions. Seismicity started to show a weak upward trend already in early 2014, but then stagnated until past April, when the number of daily,and relatively shallow (2-3 km depth) earthquakes detected rose to over 80, the highest level since the volcano had quieted down after its last eruption in 2009.

Sinabung (Sumatra, Indonesia): The lava dome at the volcano’s summit continues to grow at a rate of approx 100,000 cubic meters per day. Small to moderate pyroclastic flows during the past week have mostly removed the viscous lobe on the upper southeast flank. As lava continues to accumulate at the dome itself, more pyroclastic flows are likely to occur in the near future. Authorities are considering extending the exclusion zone in the southern sector.