Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Tropical Storm 08w (Kujira), located approximately 46 nm southeast of Hanoi, Vietnam, is tracking west-northwestward at 05 knots.


Illinois, USA – The National Weather Service has confirmed a tornado in Coal City, Illinois at 9:58 p.m Monday. The tornado damaged homes, bringing down power lines and leaving roadways flooded. At least 5 people were reported injured. At least 13 tornadoes have been reported across the United States Monday night. The National Weather Service said the towns of Coal City, Sublette and Mendota were among the hardest hit by the severe weather.

Coal city illinois tornado damage


Deadly Heatwave in Pakistan – Update

The death toll from the ongoing heatwave in Pakistan’s southern Sindh province has passed 700, as mortuaries reached capacity. At least 744 people died in Karachi and 38 in other areas. Officials have been criticised for not doing enough to tackle the crisis.

On Tuesday as temperatures reached 45C (113F), Pakistan’s PM called for emergency measures and the army was deploying to help set up heat stroke centres. There is anger among local residents at the authorities because power cuts have restricted the use of air-conditioning units and fans. Matters have been made worse by the widespread abstention from water during daylight hours during the fasting month of Ramadan. 612 people had died in the main government-run hospitals in the city of Karachi during the past four days. Another 80 are reported to have died in private hospitals.

Thousands of people are being treated in the Sindh province, and some of them are in serious condition. Many of the victims are elderly people from low-income families. Hot weather is not unusual during summer months in Pakistan, but prolonged power cuts seem to have made matters worse. Sporadic angry protests have taken place in parts of Karachi, with some people blaming the government and Karachi’s main power utility, K-Electric, for failing to avoid deaths.

The body’s normal core temperature is 37-38C. If it heats up to 39-40C, the brain tells the muscles to slow down and fatigue sets in. At 40-41C heat exhaustion is likely – and above 41C the body starts to shut down. Chemical processes start to be affected, the cells inside the body deteriorate and there is a risk of multiple organ failure. The body cannot even sweat at this point because blood flow to the skin stops, making it feel cold and clammy. Heatstroke – which can occur at any temperature over 40C – requires professional medical help and if not treated immediately, chances of survival can be slim.


Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Update

Between 13 and 17 June 2015, the National IHR Focal Point for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia notified WHO of 5 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection.

Between 20 and 23 June 2015, the National IHR Focal Point of the Republic of Korea notified WHO of 9 additional confirmed cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) alongside 3 additional deaths.

Fresh Cholera Outbreak in Sudan

At least 19 people have died and nearly 200 admitted at Cholera centres in the South Sudan capital, Juba, as government declared an outbreak of the disease.


Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Nishino-shima (Volcano Islands, Japan): The eruption on the island continues with apparently relatively steady lava effusion that feeds active flows reaching and enlarging the SE corner of the island, which has now 2.7 square kilometer of surface. Mild strombolian activity and strong degassing occurs at the main vent, where a nice cinder cone has grown. The lava mostly flows through tubes, where it is hidden, to reach the active lava delta on the SE tip of the island. A smaller part seems also to feed/inflate inland surface lava flows in an area NE of the cone.

Sinabung (Sumatra, Indonesia): A series of larger pyroclastic flows occurred yesterday, reaching lengths of up to 4.5 km and producing ash plumes that rose up to approx. 4 km. Most likely, the now relatively large dome is currently again a phase of increased destabilization and more of such dangerous pyroclastic flows (hot block and ash flows) can be expected.

Sakurajima (Kyushu, Japan): The volcano remains highly active, producing regularly 5-10 or even more vulanian-type explosions on a daily basis. A few hours ago, JMA recorded the 650th this year alone.

Zhupanovsky (Kamchatka, Russia): A small ash emission from the volcano was reported on Saturday. Based on satellite imagery, an ash plume rose to 24,000 ft (7.2 km) altitude and drifted north (Tokyo VAAC).

Asama (Honshu): Weak activity continues from the volcano’s summit crater. Small ash emissions, intense degassing as well as weak incandescence from the volcano’s crater have been observed during the past days.