Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.3 Earthquake hits eastern Iran.

5.3 Earthquake hits south of Tonga.

5.2 Earthquake hits the Fox Islands in the Aleutian Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Fox Islands in the Aleutian Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits Tonga.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

Hurricane Guillermo is located about 1575 mi…2530 km WSW of the southern tip of Baja California and about 1720 mi…2770 km ESE of Hilo Hawaii with maximum sustained winds…80 mph…130 km/h. Present movement…WNW or 300 degrees at 16 mph…26 km/h.

Tropical Storm 13w (Soudelor), located approximately 627 nm east of Saipan, CNMI, is tracking westward at 13 knots.

Invest 94L is an area of disturbed weather in the North Atlantic that has the potential for tropical development.

NewsBytes:

Vietnam – Flooding in northern Vietnam has killed at least 17 people, with the continuing rain prompting concerns of landslides and of pollution from inundated coal mines reaching one of the country’s most famous sites of natural beauty. Heavy rain began falling in the northern province of Quang Ninh on Sunday. Fourteen people were killed in the city of Ha Long and three in the city of Cam Pha.

Wildlife

Heat Killing Columbia River Spawning Salmon

A summer of unusual heat in the Pacific Northwest is threatening to kill at least a quarter million sockeye salmon swimming up the Columbia River to spawn.

Large numbers of the fish have already perished due to prolonged heat above 100 degrees this summer, which have combined with low flows on the Columbia to create conditions that stress the sockeye and make them more susceptible to disease.

The unusual warmth came as the Columbia saw the third-highest number of sockeye returning from the Pacific to spawn since 1960.

“Right now it’s grim for adult sockeye,” said Russ Kiefer of the Idaho Department of Fish and Game. “They’re running out of energy reserves, and we’re getting a lot of reports of fish dead and dying.”

With water temperatures in the waterway hitting the mid-70s, which is life-threatening to the fish, officials began releasing cold water from several reservoirs upstream in an attempt to prevent further fatalities.

“We’ve never had mortalities at this scale,” said Oregon Dept. of Fish and Wildlife fisheries manager John North.

Both Oregon and Washington have halted sports fishing in areas affected by the warmth.

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Environment

Global Temperature Extremes

The week’s hottest temperature was 120.2 degrees Fahrenheit (49.0 degrees Celsius) at Al Qaysumah, Saudi Arabia.

The week’s coldest temperature was minus 100.7 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 73.7 degrees Celsius) at Russia’s Vostok Antarctic research station.

Temperatures were tabulated from the more than 10,000 worldwide synoptic weather stations. The United Nations World Meteorological Organization sets the standards for weather observations, and provides a global telecommunications circuit for data distribution.

Disease

MERS Outbreak Over in South Korea

South Korean health officials declared an end to an outbreak of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), which has killed 36 people in the country and caused widespread social and economic disruption since it emerged in May.

The declaration came as U.S. researchers announced that an experimental MERS vaccine has shown promise in animal studies.

The deadly virus first appeared in Saudi Arabia and nearby countries in 2012, leaving hundreds dead and health officials scrambling to contain it.

The recent South Korean outbreak was the only one to emerge outside the Arabian Peninsula.

Officials in Seoul were initially criticized for a slow response during the early days of the outbreak.

But quarantine measures were soon introduced that confined nearly 17,000 people to their homes and kept the disease from spreading outside of medical facilities.

Botswana records another foot and mouth disease outbreak

The Ngamiland area in north-western Botswana was on Thursday put on high alert as some cattle appeared to show signs of the foot and mouth disease (FMD). Ministry of Agriculture spokesperson Jeffery Peko confirmed the suspected FMD cases, saying the movement of cloven hoofed animals and their fresh products within and out of the Ngamiland area has been suspended with immediate effect.

Botswana recently announced that it has recorded a suspected outbreak of FMD in Chobe district in northern part of the country.

France acts against olive disease outbreak in Corsica

A bacterial infection ravaging olive trees in the far south of Italy has spread to Corsica, where emergency measures are being implemented.

Xylella fastidiosa, spread by insects, was found at Propriano in southern Corsica. The bacterium can also attack citrus trees and vineyards.

France has destroyed plants around the infected bush found in Propriano.

Xylella is one of the biggest disease threats to plants worldwide, the European Commission says. There is no effective treatment for infected plants and new Commission regulations say the only solution is to destroy them and establish Xylella-free buffer zones around them.

Wildfires

Wildfires – California

Five hundred people north of San Francisco have been evacuated as a growing bushfire has consumed several buildings in less than 12 hours after it first ignited, fire officials said on Thursday.

The blaze, called the “Rocky Fire,” is one of many in the state and started on Wednesday in Lake County, 110 miles north of San Francisco. The blaze rapidly spread to scorch 3,000 acres by early Thursday, according to the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection (CalFire).

The fire produced a smoky haze visible from 80 miles away in the wine-making region of Napa, where another wildfire has burned for a week and forced 200 people to evacuate on Wednesday. Crews battling fires kept a blaze east of California’s Napa Valley from jumping any more containment lines, fire officials said.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Piton de la Fournaise (La Réunion): The expected new eruption, the third in 2015, started this morning at 09.20 local time. The eruptive fissure vent is located NE from Piton Kapor and extending towards Nez Coupé de Ste Rose. It feeds a curtain of lava fountains with associated lava flows. Access to the Enclos has been closed.