Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.3 Earthquake hits New Ireland, Papua New Guinea.

5.2 Earthquake hits the Bonin Islands off Japan.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Typhoon 17w (Atsani), located approximately 326 nm north-northwest of Ujelang, is tracking west-northwestward at 08 knots.

Typhoon 16w (Goni), located approximately 322 nm northwest of Andersen AFB, is tracking west-northwestward at 13 knots.

Tropical Depression Eleven-E is located about 670 mi…1075 km WSW of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…35 mph…55 km/h. Present movement…NW or 310 degrees at 17 mph…28 km/h.

Invest 96L remains an area of disturbed weather in the North Atlantic that has the potential for tropical development.

NewsBytes:

India – Six people drowned in flash floods in West Godavari district as heavy rains lashed parts of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana on Sunday.

Wildfires

Wildfires – USA

Wildfires ravaged four Western states Sunday, with scores of homes and cabins lost, and many more menaced by flames.

In Idaho, the Soda Fire has covered 283,686 acres in Owyhee County, in the southeast corner of the state. The fire was 25% contained with 860 people working to bring it under control.

The Lawyer Complex Fire near Kamiah, in northwest Idaho, has destroyed an estimated 50 homes and 75 outbuildings, according to the state’s Department of Lands. So far, it is 15% contained, with more than 770 people working to bring the flames under control. It includes the Old Greer, Kamiah Gulch, Lawyer 6 and Adams Grade fires, across a combined total of around 20,759 acres.

Wind-pushed fires around Chelan and McNeil Canyon, in central Washington state, burned 38,793 acres and were 30% contained Sunday afternoon.

300 people are battling the Canyon Creek Complex Fire, which covers 34,143 acres in eastern Oregon. Homes have been lost and crews are doing structural assessments now to figure out how many.

In California’s Angeles National Forest, the Cabin Fire started Saturday. By Sunday afternoon, it had burned 1,448 acres and was 20% contained.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Sakurajima (Kyushu, Japan): Japanese volcanologist monitoring the volcano warned that a larger eruption could occur in the near future. The alert level of the volcano was raised to the second highest, 4 out of 5, meaning that preparations for evacuations of nearby areas (within a few km from the Showa crater) are in progress. The alert was based on a strong swarm of shallow volcanic earthquakes located beneath the Showa crater. The seismic swarm started around 7 am on 15 Aug (local time), and peaked with almost 180 quakes per hour around noon. It gradually waned, but continues with weaker intensity until now. At the same time, a significant inflation of the Showa crater has been detected. These both are likely caused by the rising of a new batch of magma, which could result in a larger-then-usual eruption.

Raung (East Java): Activity has strongly decreased at the volcano. When we visited Raung during 14-15 August, we observed pulsating, often near-continuous ash emissions that produced plumes of several hundred meters. They often consisted of dark jets of ash, presumably from phreatomagmatic activity inside the conduit. This activity originated from the lower, southwestern vent of the large, double-crater new cinder cone in the eastern part of the caldera. The larger vent to the NE was almost entirely inactive, except two small, very weakly active effusive vents on its inner walls. Occasionally, glowing lava blocks were pushed out from these. The recent lava flow was no longer active. Like a giant pancake, it has completely covered the caldera floor surrounding the large cinder cone. The explosive ash emissions described above stopped during the afternoon of 14 Aug and so far, it seems have not resumed. It appears likely that the eruption has more or less come to an end.

Cotopaxi (Ecuador): The volcano started to erupt, for the first time after more than 70 years, on 14 Aug with a series of 6 very strong explosions. The volcano last erupted in 1940 and possibly 1942. A major hazard of glacier-clad Cotopaxi’s eruptions are melt-water floods that can turn in to devastating lahars and threaten an area with approx. 300,000 inhabitants. The first explosion on 14 Aug occurred at 10:50 local time with an ash plume that rose approx. 8000 meters above the summit crater. During the same day, it was followed by 5 more explosions of similar or smaller size. Some of the explosions produced pyroclastic flows. The volcano calmed down a bit during yesterday, but had another explosion in the afternoon. The Ecuadorian government has declared a state of emergency for the area around the volcano and ordered evacuations. During 14 Aug, more than 400 people were evacuated from Loreto del Pedregal village on the northern foot of the volcano.