Wildfires

Wildfires – California

Thousands of people were ordered out of their homes Monday after wind-whipped wildfires burned dozens of buildings across northern California.

Described as “unprecedented” by authorities, the largest blaze — which is known as the Rocky Fire — had torn across Lake County, north of San Francisco, growing to almost 60,000 acres, or 93 square miles, by Monday afternoon.

Wildfires – Washington

The Wolverine Creek fire, burning 36 miles northwest of Chelan, has grown to nearly 25,000 acres. The fire is near the town of Lucerner and grew steadily over the weekend.

The fire, sparked by lightning on June 29, is burning in remote, extremely steep terrain. About 120 people are fighting the fire. A huge plume of smoke from the fire could be seen from the Seattle area on Saturday morning.

Wildfires – New South Wales, Australia

A bushfire fuelled by strong winds continued to burn in the Wentworth Falls area of NSW’s Blue Mountains on Sunday. Hundreds of firefighters battled the blaze, assisted by helicopters dropping water onto flames that could not be easily reached by vehicles. Although no homes are directly threatened, an alert has been issued for residents to monitor the situation for changes

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Raung (East Java): The eruption continues. Ash emissions have decreased, while satellite-detected heat emission increased during the past days. This could suggest that activity is now more effusive (lava flows) than explosive (ash emissions) in style. This morning, an ash plume rose approx. 1 km above the volcano and drifted 100 km to the SW. Indonesia’s Volcanological Survey VSI mentioned yesterday that seismic activity rapidly decreased. Whether this means a near ending of the eruption remains to be seen.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.4 Earthquake hits the Solomon Islands.

5.2 Earthquake hits Mindanao in the Philippines.

5.2 Earthquake hits the Pagan region in the North Mariana Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits near the east coast of Honshu, Japan.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

Hurricane Guillermo is located about 680 mi…1095 km ESE of Hilo Hawaii and about 890 mi…1430 km ESE of Honolulu Hawaii with maximum sustained winds…75 mph…120 km/h. Present movement…WNW or 300 degrees at 10 mph…17 km/h.

Typhoon 13w (Soudelor), located approximately 196 nm west-northwest of Saipan, is tracking west-northwestward at 13 knots.

Tropical Depression 14w (Fourteen), located approximately 216 nm north of Chichi Jima, Japan, is tracking west-northwestward at 06 knots.

Tropical Cyclone (tc) 01p (onO), located approximately 548 nm northwest of Suva, Fiji, is tracking eastward at 02 knots.

Invest 95L is an area of disturbed weather in the North Atlantic that has the potential for tropical development.

Invest 92E is an area of disturbed weather in the East Pacific that has the potential for tropical development.

NewsBytes:

Myanmar Update – The death toll from flooding in Myanmar has climbed to 46, with more than 200,000 people affected, authorities said Monday. The flooding has affected residents in 11 of Myanmar’s 14 states and divisions. In addition to the damage to housing and farmland, infrastructure has been badly hit, with roads and rail lines cut in many areas and telecommunication links broken.

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India – At least 81 people lost their lives and more than 80 lakh people were affected in fresh floods due to excessive rains in worst affected Gujarat, Rajasthan, West Bengal and Odisha. While the death toll touched 48 in West Bengal, 28 died in Rajasthan and five in Odisha, a home ministry statement said on Sunday. A total of 36,90,627 people in 9,691 villages of 210 blocks in 12 districts in West Bengal have been affected due to floods, while a population of 40 lakh in Gujarat and 4,80,399 in Odisha. In West Bengal, 48 deaths have been reported from various parts of the state during the floods owing to lightening, wall collapse, electrocution, snake bite and drowning.

Environment

El Niño is coming

This year is set to be 0.1°C warmer on average than 2014, thanks to an unusually strong El Niño warming the Pacific Ocean and the world’s climate.

Last year was the hottest year in recorded history. It continued a trend of every year in the last decade being warmer than the one before. Nine of the ten hottest years in record happened in that same time period. This is despite all the things that traditionally make the world colder – less solar activity and more aerosols in the atmosphere – being dominant in the climactic system.

The odd year out was 1998. This corresponded with a strong El Niño. The phenomenon has a large-scale effect on sea surface temperatures, rainfall and air pressure. It starts when the sea surface temperatures in the central and eastern equatorial regions of the Pacific – to the east of Australia – rapidly increase. This weakens the trade winds that blow across the region, taking the brakes off a warm patch of water that is normally pushed into one area of ocean near Australia.

The water then heads east, towards the Americas, where it warms more of the Pacific. It also starts warming the atmosphere. This then has a knock on effect on local weather systems across the planet – generally warming the planet and leading to less rainfall in the southern hemisphere and more in the northern hemisphere.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Piton de la Fournaise (La Réunion): After less than 3 days, the eruption already ended Sunday morning. The volcano observatory reported that tremor and lava effusion ceased abruptly at 11:15. However, a new eruptive phase in the near future cannot be ruled out.

The access to the Enclos remains closed.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.3 Earthquake hits the southern Mid-Atlantic ridge.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

Hurricane Guillermo is located about 925 mi…1490 km ESE of Hilo Hawaii and about 1135 mi…1830 km ESE of Honolulu Hawaii with maximum sustained winds…105 mph…165 km/h. Present movement…WNW or 285 degrees at 14 mph…22 km/h.

Typhoon 13w (Soudelor), located approximately 63 nm east-southeast of Saipan, is tracking westward at 15 knots.

Tropical Depression 14w (Fourteen), located approximately 399 nm southeast of Yokosuka, Japan, is tracking west-northwestward at 03 knots.

NewsBytes:

India – Flood in the Khawthlangtuipui river on the Bangladesh border submerged around 30 houses rendering around 70 families homeless.

Wildfires

Wildfires – California

A firefighter battling one of the large wildfires burning in California died in the line of duty this week, the U.S. Forest Service said.

In all, 9,000 firefighters worked 24 large fires Saturday in California, where a four-year drought has created ideal conditions for a wildfires, said the state agency Cal Fire.

Thousands of lightning strikes since Thursday ignited hundreds of small wildfires, but those thunderstorms brought little rain, authorities said, and the smaller fires became part of larger fire complexes. Threats of dry thunderstorms will continue through the weekend, elevating fire dangers, especially in northern California, where officials posted red flag warnings.

Gov. Jerry Brown declared a state of emergency Friday to help gather additional resources to fight the statewide fires. The California National Guard has sent nine helicopters to help quell the flames.

The fires ranged in size. The deadly Frog Fire, for example, consumed at least 800 acres since it was spotted Thursday. Among the bigger blazes, however, was the Rocky Fire that burned 22,500 acres in Lake County, and it raged uncontrollably Saturday, with containment only at 5%, authorities said.

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Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.6 Earthquake hits near the east coast of Australia.

5.6 Earthquake hits the Pacific-Antarctic ridge.

5.4 Earthquake hits San Juan, Argentina.

5.4 Earthquake hits near the east coast of Australia.

5.1 Earthquake hits Guatemala.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Sambawa region, Indonesia.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Solomon Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Fox Islands in the Aleutian Islands.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Hurricane Guillermo is located about 1250 mi…2010 km ESE of Hilo Hawaii with maximum sustained winds…105 mph…165 km/h. Present movement…WNW or 285 degrees at 16 mph…26 km/h.

Tropical Storm 13w (Soudelor), located approximately 377 nm east of Saipan, CNMI, is tracking west-northwestward at 08 knots.

Invest 94L remains an area of disturbed weather in the North Atlantic that has the potential for tropical development.

NewsBytes:

Myanmar – More than 20 people have died and others are missing after weeks of unrelenting rain caused flash flooding in Myanmar. Severe weather in the north and west of the country also led to landslides, trapping many people in remote towns and villages. One report said up to 150,000 people had been displaced or had their livelihoods affected. More torrential rain is expected in the coming days. Continuous rain since 16 July had destroyed farmland, roads, rail tracks, bridges and houses, another report said.

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Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Manam (Papua New Guinea): A large explosive eruption occurred at the volcano today. The event produced an ash column that rose to approx. 65,000 ft (20 km) altitude and started to drift SW.

VAAC Darwin changed aviation color code to red. This explosion, vulcanian or perhaps even sub-plinian in size, is the largest at the volcano in over 10 years. It seems to be similar to the powerful 24 Oct 2004 explosion.

Sinabung (Sumatra, Indonesia): A series of small to medium-sized pyroclastic flows occurred yesterday as a result of the ongoing destruction of the unstable lava lobe present on the upper eastern flank.

A church from the already mostly buried village of Bekerah, so far still standing, was covered by and disappeared forever under fresh pyroclastic flow deposits.