Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.4 Earthquake hits New Britain, Papua New Guinea.

5.2 Earthquake hits Vanuatu.

5.1 Earthquake hits the west Chile rise.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

Tropical Cyclone Two is located approximately 362 nm east-northeast of Noumea, New Caledonia, and is tracking south-southwestward at 19 knots.

Typhoon Koppu is located approximately 100 nm north-northwest of Manila, Philippines, and is tracking westward at 07 knots.

Typhoon Champi is located approximately 326 nm south-southwest of Iwo To, Japan, and is tracking north-northwestward at 03 knots.

Hurricane Olaf is located about 1725 mi…2780 km WSW of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…75 mph…120 km/h. Present movement…W or 275 degrees at 9 mph…15 km/h.

Invest 92L is an area of disturbed weather in the North Atlantic that has the potential for tropical development.

Invest 97E is an area of disturbed weather in the East Pacific that has the potential for tropical development.

NewsBytes:

Philippines – Philippines battered as Typhoon Koppu makes landfall. Homes have been flattened, power lines toppled, and thousands of people have fled their homes as Typhoon Koppu swept into the northern Philippines. Disaster agency officials said the storm was also whipping up coastal surges 4m (12ft) high. The slow-moving typhoon made landfall near the town of Casiguran on the main island of Luzon on Sunday morning. Koppu is predicted to bring three days of torrential rain, triggering major flooding and possibly landslides. 10,000 people have been displaced in north-eastern Luzon but no casualties had been reported so far.

Disease

New Ebola Cases – West Africa

The World Health Organization announced Friday that there were two confirmed cases of Ebola in Guinea.

The re-emergence of the disease suggests that the outbreak may go on its third year in 2016 in West Africa. The new cases are the first ones in West Africa since it was declared Ebola-free by the World Health Organization (WHO) after passing 42 days without the disease. However, the new cases suggest that a place can be declared Ebola-free but with many carrying the virus.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Copahue (Chile/Argentina): Intermittent ash emissions that resumed on 6 Oct, continue from the El Agrio crater and incandescence (from hot gasses) is visible at night. The ash/steam plume has been reaching heights of up to 1 km. SERNAGEOMIN keeps the alert level at yellow.

Piton de la Fournaise (La Réunion): After a the eruption had intensified considerably during the past week, tremor suddenly dropped this morning at 08:02 local time and only showed sporadic pulses. The lava effusion seemed to have stopped as well. Aerial surveys this morning showed no more lava inside the vent. Whether this is a temporary pause or a rather sudden (but not uncommon) end of the eruption will be clearer in the near future. Up until yesterday (17 Oct), the eruption had been increasing, and generated again lava fountains from the main vent up to 40 m tall. The main vent itself had increased to reach approx. 100 m diameter, containing a lava lake which released large bubbles of gas (SO2), generating spectacular lava bubble ejections (images).