Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Hurricane Sandra is located about 255 mi…415 km SSE of the southern tip of Baja California and about 315 mi…505 km SSW of Mazatlan Mexico with maximum sustained winds…100 mph…160 km/h. Present movement…NNE or 20 degrees at 12 mph…19 km/h.

Environment

Climate Disasters Now Happening Daily: UN

Weather-related disasters have nearly doubled over the past 30 years — now occurring almost daily somewhere in the world, according to a new report.

Published by the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR), The Human Cost of Weather Related Disasters (PDF copy) fell short of directly blaming climate change for the increase.

But it did warn, “predictions of more extreme weather in the future almost certainly mean that we will witness a continued upward trend in weather-related disasters in the decades ahead.”

The report found that 600,000 people have died as a result of floods, storms, heatwaves, droughts and other weather-related events since 1995.

About 4.1 billion others being injured, left homeless or in need of emergency assistance.

There were an average of 335 weather-related disasters annually between 2005 and this year, up 14 percent from 1995 to 2004 and almost twice as many as during the years from 1985 to 1994.

The report ranked the United States, China, India, Philippines and Indonesia as being hit by the highest number of disasters.

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Environment

Global Temperature Extremes

The week’s hottest temperature was 114.8 degrees Fahrenheit (46.0 degrees Celsius) at Mandora, Western Australia.

The week’s coldest temperature was minus 53.7 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 47.6 degrees Celsius) at Russia’s Vostok Antarctic research station.

Temperatures were tabulated from the more than 10,000 worldwide synoptic weather stations. The United Nations World Meteorological Organization sets the standards for weather observations, and provides a global telecommunications circuit for data distribution.

Disease

Cholera – Iraq

WHO received notification from the National IHR Focal Point of Iraq of additional laboratory-confirmed cases of cholera.

As of 22 November, a total of 2,810 laboratory-confirmed cases of Vibrio cholerae 01 Inaba had been confirmed at the Central Public Health Laboratory in Baghdad, and only 2 deaths related to cholera were reported.

Cholera – United Republic of Tanzania

The Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (MOHSW) of Tanzania has notified WHO of additional laboratory-confirmed cases of cholera. Across the country, at least 9,871 cases have been reported, including 150 deaths.

Circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus – Lao People’s Democratic Republic

Two additional cases of type 1 vaccine-derived poliovirus (VDPV1) have been reported from Lao People’s Democratic Republic (PDR), bringing the total number of cases in this outbreak to three.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.4 Earthquake hits Peru-Brazil border region.

5.6 Earthquake hits the Molucca Sea.

5.4 Earthquake hits western Iran.

5.2 Earthquake hits Fiji.

5.1 Earthquake hits offshore Coquimbo, Chile.

5.0 Earthquake hits near the north coast of New Guinea, Papua New Guinea.

Lefkada Earthquake (Nov 17) Destroys Pristine Greek Beach – Before & After

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Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Tropical Storm 27w (In-Fa), located approximately 296 nm southwest of Iwo To, Japan, is tracking northeastward at 09 knots.

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Hurricane Sandra is located about 500 mi…810 km SW of Cabo Corrientes Mexico and about 575 mi…925 km S of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…145 mph…230 km/h. Present movement…N or 350 degrees at 12 mph…19 km/h.

NewsBytes:

Aceh, Indonesia – More than 7,000 people from 12 sub-districts in West Aceh, Aceh province, have been evacuated from flooded areas after heavy rains poured starting Tuesday morning. Several houses were destroyed after they fell into a river in Woyla district; and one community health centre fell to a river in Arongan Lambalek district. The worst affected area was West Woyla district, which was cut off from the rest of the district by the floods covering roads with up to 80cm of water.

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Saudi Arabia, Qatar – The Gulf states were hit by heavy rainfall which brought a year’s worth of rain in a letter of hours, bringing widespread disruption. In Qatar, an investigation was prompted after the heavy rains exposed poor construction in the oil-rich country set to host the 2022 Fifa World Cup when the $18bn airport started leaking.

Global Warming

2015 likely to be the warmest year ever recorded

This year is destined for the history books with 2015 likely to be the warmest on record. It is smashing regional records around the globe for the driest year, strongest tropical storms, warmest ocean temperatures and warmest five year period.

The figures published on Wednesday by the World Meteorological Organisation will provide a grim backdrop to the UN COP21 climate conference which gets underway in Paris next Monday.

The figures are based on data accumulated between January and October from measuring centres around the world. The numbers are so bad already that the organisation is fully confident 2015 will be warmer on average than any year before it.

Symbolic milestones are also being reached with this year’s average temperature likely to reach the one full degree above the pre-industrial era. It is probable that the 1 degree Celsius threshold will be crossed.

Temperature records are highlighted all through the report. Ocean surface temperatures are already ahead of the record high set in 2014.

It will be one of the warmest years on record over land. China is having its warmest year on record as is South America and Asia generally. Africa and Europe are having their second hottest.

The oceans have been absorbing more than 90 per cent of the energy that has accumulated in the climate system and this is reflected in risking sea temperature and sea levels.

The global average sea level in the first half of 2015 was the highest since satellite observations became available in 1993, the Organization said.

The heat penetrates deep into the ocean surface with record high temperatures in the top 700 metres and top 2,000 metres.

The human-induced warming is being accentuated this year as a periodic El Nino ocean warming event is underway in the Pacific Ocean. This continues to gain strength and will add to the overall heating for many months to come, the report said.

The year is littered with exceptional heatwaves as happened in India in May and June. Europe also experienced heatwaves , with July bringing a period of excessive heat from Denmark down to Morocco.

Some regions experienced exceptional rainfall such as the southern US, southeast Europe and parts of Africa.

Drought was a problem for other countries including Central America, the Caribbean, parts of central Europe and Russia.

The desiccated landscape that affected the western US brought with it record numbers of wildfires. There were 400 fires in Alaska during May and then 700 more in July. Washington State suffered its largest fire on record.

The number of tropical storms in the Atlantic and Pacific was around normal but the mix included the strongest hurricane on record, a category five storm with wind speeds of 320km/hr when it made landfall in Mexico in October.

The poles returned contrasting statistics with the Arctic showing considerably reduced ice cover through the year. Antarctica continues to add ice according to the data.

The report overtly linked rising greenhouse gas emissions with the warming climate. These gases reached new highs in the northern hemisphere during spring 2015.

Wildfires

Wildfires – Australia

Fourteen bushfires burning across southern Australia have killed two people, thousands of animals, and destroyed 16 homes, and authorities on Thursday said they feared the toll could rise.

The fires, which stretch across 210 kms (130 miles), broke out on Wednesday in heatwave conditions and quickly burnt across farmlands, forcing residents to flee and others to frantically try and save their homes and livestock.

Emergency workers said that 60 percent of the fires were now under control.

Disease

New Ebola Case in Liberia

The death of a 15-year-old boy from Ebola in Liberia — a country that has been declared free of the disease twice — raises the question of why cases are still popping up in the country, experts say.

The teenager, who died Tuesday (Nov. 24), tested positive for the disease last week. His brother and father are also infected, and more than 150 people with whom the boy may have come into contact are now being monitored.

Liberia was first declared Ebola-free in May, but then a new case was confirmed in July. The country was declared Ebola-free for the second time in September.

In order for a country to be declared Ebola-free, health officials typically wait 42 days since the last person was cured of the disease.

The handling of this most recent case may already have put many others at risk.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

7.1 Earthquake hits central Peru.

There were no immediate reports of damage or injury.

7.0 Earthquake hits Peru-Brazil border region.

5.9 Earthquake hits Pagan in the North Mariana Islands.

Two 5.8 Earthquakes hit central Peru.

5.4 Earthquake hits north of Ascension Island.

5.4 Earthquake hits central Peru.

5.0 Earthquake hits southern Peru.

5.0 Earthquake hits Kepulauan Sangihe, Indonesia.

5.0 Earthquake hits Vanuatu.

5.0 Earthquake hits south of Fiji.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Kanlaon (Philippines): The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) has raised alert level 1 for Mount Kanlaon volcano as it erupts and enters a period of unrest. The event was recorded by the Kanlaon Volcano seismic network as an explosion signal beginning at 9:30 P.M. on November 23 and lasted 30 minutes. The explosion produced a 1.0 – 1.5 kilometer-high white plume above the summit before drifting towards the southwest. At least four volcanic earthquakes have been recorded during the past week by the Kanlaon Network

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

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Tropical Storm 27w (In-Fa), located approximately 586 nm southwest of Iwo To, Japan, is tracking northeastward at 11 knots.

Hurricane Sandra is located about 545 mi…880 km SW of Manzanillo Mexico and about 720 mi…1160 km S of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…85 mph…140 km/h. Present movement…WNW or 295 degrees at 10 mph…17 km/h.

NewsBytes:

India – At least 70 people have been killed in India’s Tamil region over the last two weeks by severe flooding caused by heavy rains, triggering complaints that the government isn’t doing enough to help affected communities.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.5 Earthquake hits Guerrero, Mexico.

5.1 Earthquake hits south of Tonga.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Typhoon 27w (In-Fa), located approximately 697 nm southwest of Iwo To, Japan, is tracking northeastward at 09 knots.

Tropical cyclone 03s (Annabelle), located approximately 798 nm south-southeast of Diego Garcia, is tracking south-southeastward at 11 knots.

Tropical Storm Sandra is located about 570 mi…915 km S of Manzanillo Mexico with maximum sustained winds…45 mph…75 km/h. Present movement…W or 275 degrees at 13 mph…20 km/h.

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Wildlife

Only 3 Northern White Rhinos Remain in the World

One of the four northern white rhinoceros left on Earth died on Nov. 22, leaving only three surviving members of the critically endangered species.

Nola, a 41-year-old female rhino, lived at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park since 1989. In recent weeks, Nola suffered from a bacterial infection, and on Nov. 13, the aging animal underwent surgery to drain a large abscess in her pelvic region, which veterinarians finally identified as the source of her sickness. Though the procedure was successful in reducing the infection, Nola’s condition grew worse, leaving her without an appetite and unable to move around, according to zoo officials.

When intensified treatment efforts were unsuccessful, the animal’s caretakers chose to euthanize her yesterday, in what was a “difficult decision,” according to a statement released by the San Diego Zoo.

Nola follows in the footsteps of Nabiré, a 31-year-old female northern white rhino that died of a ruptured cyst in July at the Dvůr Králové Zoo in the Czech Republic. The deaths of these two critically endangered animals mean that just three northern white rhinos remain in the world.

Habitat loss and poaching have kept the northern white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum cottoni) on the brink of extinction for years. The three remaining members of the species reside in captivity at Ol Pejeta Conservancy in Kenya, where they were transferred after living at a zoo in the Czech Republic. The four remaining northern white rhinos that roamed the wild of the Democratic Republic of Congo as recently as 2007 are now presumed dead, which means there are no known members of the species still living in the wild, according to the Ol Pejeta Conservancy.

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