Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.3 Earthquake hits the western Indian-Antarctic ridge.

5.7 Earthquake hits near the coast of Nicaragua.

5.5 Earthquake hits the Kermedec Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Izu Islands off Japan.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Andreanof Islands in the Aleutian Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits Kyrgyzstan.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Tropical cyclone 06p (Ula), is located approximately 190 nm south-southwest of Pago Pago, American Samoa and is tracking southwestward at 12 knots.

Tropical Depression Nine-C is located about 1115 mi (1795 km) SSW of Johnston Island with maximum sustained winds…35 mph…55 km/h. Present movement…NW or 315 degrees at 3 mph…6 km/h.

Environment

North Pole temperatures rise up due to heat wave

Temperatures at the North Pole rose above freezing point on Wednesday, 20 degrees Celsius above the mid-winter norm and the latest abnormality in a season of extreme weather events.

Canadian weather authorities blamed the temperature spike on the freak depression which has already brought record Christmas temperatures to North America and lashed Britain with winds and floods.

The deep low pressure area is currently looming over Iceland and churning up hurricane force 75-knot winds and 30-foot waves in the north Atlantic while dragging warm air northwards.

An Arctic monitoring point 180 miles (300 km) from the Pole that had been recording minus 37 degrees on Monday had shot up to minus eight by Wednesday, said senior researcher James Morison.

The polar region is the area of the world that has seen the most profound effects of climate change in recent decades. Average year-round temperatures in the Arctic are three degrees Celsius higher than they were in the pre-industrial era, snowfall is heavier, winds are stronger and the ice sheet has been shrinking for 30 years. It may be too hasty to pin this week’s extreme weather directly on the man-made climate change phenomenon, rather than on a discreet anomaly, scientists said.

Environment

Global Temperature Extremes

The year’s hottest temperature occurred during the week ending July 3 and was 125.0 degrees Fahrenheit (51.7 degrees Celsius) at Death Valley, California, USA.

The year’s coldest temperature also occurred during the week ending July 3 and was minus 113.4 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 80.8 degrees Celsius) at Russia’s Vostok Antarctic research station.

Temperatures were tabulated from the more than 10,000 worldwide synoptic weather stations. The United Nations World Meteorological Organization sets the standards for weather observations, and provides a global telecommunications circuit for data distribution.

Disease

Cholera Outbreak Hits Eastern Malawi

Malawi is experiencing an outbreak of cholera, two months after the start of the rainy season. Health authorities say the water-borne disease has hit most residents of three districts around Lake Chilwa in eastern Malawi.

The first cholera cases were reported in the eastern districts of Machinga and Zomba on December 19 when one person died and 26 others were receiving treatment at public hospitals.

Health Ministry authorities said on Wednesday that the water-borne disease is spreading considerably with the number of patients now at 95.