Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global
5.6 Earthquake hits western Australia.
5.6 Earthquake hits Kepulauan Barat Daya, Indonesia.
5.3 Earthquake hits near the coast of Ecuador.
5.2 Earthquake hits Kepulauan Barat Daya, Indonesia.
5.1 Earthquake hits the Scotia Sea.
5.1 Earthquake hits the Pacific-Antarctic ridge.
5.1 Earthquake hits the central east Pacific rise.
5.0 Earthquake hits off the coast of Aisen, Chile.
Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:
In the Eastern Pacific
Hurricane Blas is located about 1320 mi…2120 km WSW of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…105 mph…165 km/h. Present movement…WNW or 300 degrees at 10 mph…17 km/h.
Tropical depression Four-E forecast is located about 730 mi…1175 km S of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…35 mph…55 km/h. Present movement…W or 275 degrees at 6 mph…9 km/h.
In the Western Pacific –
Typhoon Nepartak is located approximately 149 nm southwest of Taipei, Taiwan, and is tracking west-northwestward at 10 knots.
Tennessee, USA – Tennessee declared a state of emergency Thursday after torrential rain triggered major flash flooding in parts of Kentucky and Tennessee.
Ethiopia – Floods across Ethiopia have severely impacted the ability of livestock-dependent Ethiopians to recover from 18-months of drought brought on by El Nino. Reports from Ethiopia’s National Flood Task Force show that close to 690,000 people are now likely be affected, with more than 320,000 estimated to be displaced. Over 55,000 hectares of land, much of it pasture, has been flooded. Thousands of livestock have died due to flash floods and landslides, brought on by the long-awaited spring season rains.
Global Temperature Extremes
The week’s hottest temperature was 120.0 degrees Fahrenheit (48.9 degrees Celsius) in Adrar, Algeria.
The week’s coldest temperature was minus -113.0 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 80.5 degrees Celsius) at Russia’s Vostok Antarctic research station.
Temperatures were tabulated from the more than 10,000 worldwide synoptic weather stations. The United Nations World Meteorological Organization sets the standards for weather observations, and provides a global telecommunications circuit for data distribution.
Wildfires – Russia
The area of wildfires in Russia has grown by 26% over the last 24 hours to 49,600 hectares, with most forest blazes registered in Chukotka, the Russian Aerial Forest Protection Service said on Thursday.
As of 12am Moscow time on 7 July 2016, a total of 109 wildfires was active on the territory of the Russian Federation on the area of 49,656 hectares, including one wildfire in the forest on the area of 20,250 hectares (Chukotka Autonomous District).
A total of 18,400 hectares of forests is ablaze in the Irkutsk Region, another 3,400 hectares -in the Magadan Region, 2,800 hectares – in Buryatia, and 1,200 hectares – in the Krasnoyarsk Krai.
Moreover, wildfires cover over 2,000 hectares in the Zapovednoye Podlemorye natural reserve, 400 hectares in the Lena Pillars national park, five hectares in the Sokhondinsky natural reserve in Zabaykalsky Krai and three hectares in Verkhne-Tazovsky natural reserve in the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District.
Over the last 24 hours, almost 3,300 people were involved in firefighting efforts, and they managed to extinguish 56 wildfires on the area of 800 hectares.
The state of emergency has been declared in the Irkutsk Region, Zabaikalsky Krai, two districts of the Krasnoyarsk Krai, 13 districts of Buryatia, one district of Yakutia and one district of Chukotka.
Zika Virus Blocked
Researchers have begun releasing mosquitoes in parts of South America, Southeast Asia and Australia that carry bacteria proven to prevent the insects from spreading the Zika virus.
Recent studies found that the Wolbachia pipientis bacterium can completely block transmission of the virus to humans by the Aedes aegypti mosquito.
Funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the study found that the bacterium is self-sustaining and has remained in mosquito populations for more than six years after being released into the wild.
There are currently no approved Zika vaccines or antiviral medications to treat infections.
Meningitis in Los Angeles, California
The Centre for Disease Control is investigating an outbreak of 22 meningitis cases in the LA area amounts the gay community amidst pleas for a vaccination campaign.
Bilharzia Outbreak in Botswana
The first case (in the recent outbreak) of bilharzia was recorded on May 10 this year at Boikhutso Clinic near Francistown.
Out of 579 samples taken between May and June, 42 pupils tested positive for bilharzia and were accordingly treated.
The disease is not deadly but can be fatal in some instances if left untreated. It can also cause acute and chronic complications. Kidney and bladder complications as well as occasional liver diseases are among the main effects caused by bilharzia at its later stages.
Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity
Kliuchevskoi (Kamchatka): The effusive-explosive eruption of the volcano continues. The active lava flow on the eastern slope remains well alimented and ash emissions from intense strombolian activity at the summit often generate smaller and moderately sized ash plumes that reach several hundred meters of height above the crater. During end of June, a series of collapses occurred from the lava flow on the eastern slope, generating small glowing avalanches. The rhythmic explosive activity at the summit crater also generates occasional “smoke rings” (or better: gas rings, ring vortexes created by rapid degassing through circular vents).
Alaid (Northern Kuriles): The activity at the volcano has again picked up. An intense thermal anomaly is visible on recent satellite data and is stronger than during the preceding eruptive phase in March-May this year. A (rare) aerial image taken on 28 April shows the volcano’s summit occupied by fresh lava, a new cinder cone and a breach in the southwestern crater wall with a lava flow tongue present on its slope beneath (visible by the steaming front). The current thermal anomaly is almost certainly due to another phase of intense lava effusion, likely in the same location.
Kilauea (Hawai’i): The new lava flow southeast of Puʻu ʻŌʻō continued to be active and made some rapid advance through the coastal plain: when HVO last mapped it Tuesday afternoon, the nearest lava front was only about 1.7 km (1.1 miles) away from the coast, after having advanced nearly 1 km alone since the morning of Monday (i.e. little more than 24 hours). If the current rapid advance continues, lava might begin to flow into the ocean – and construct new land on Hawai’i – very soon (few days?).