Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.6 Earthquake hits Tonga.

5.2 Earthquake hits the northern Mid-Atlantic ridge.

5.1 Earthquake hits near the east coast of Honshu, Japan.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Balleny Islands.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

In the Eastern Pacific

Hurricane Darby is located about 1125 mi…1815 km WSW of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…100 mph…155 km/h. Present movement…W or 280 degrees at 9 mph…15 km/h.

Tropical Storm Estelle is located about 470 mi…755 km S of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…60 mph…95 km/h. Present movement…WNW or 285 degrees at 9 mph…15 km/h.

In the Western Pacific:

Tropical Depression Three is located approximately 392 nm south-southeast of Kadena AB, and is tracking north-northwestward at 08 knots.

In the South Indian Ocean

Tropical Cyclone One is located approximately 465 nm west-southwest of Diego Garcia, and is tracking west-southeastward at 12 knots.


Sudan – Heavy rains and flash floods in Sudan’s war-torn region of Darfur killed nine people, the official SUNA news agency reported. The deaths occurred in the town of El-Fasher, the capital of the state of North Darfur.

India – Floods triggered by incessant rains have swept away two motorable bridges and damaged a hydropower project along the swollen Tamor river. In Parbat, floods damaged an intake of Modikhola Hydropower Project, knocking out the 14-megawatt power generation. Water levels in a landslide-dammed lake in the Tamor River in Sawadin, Taplejung, has increased, leaving the downstream settlement at risk. A fresh rockfall blocked water flow in the river.


Peru: Dozens infected with Carrión’s disease

Health officials are reporting at least 26 cases of Carrión’s disease, or Bartonella bacilliformis infection in residents of Sánchez Carrión province in Northern Peru, according to a local media report (computer translated). The cases include children, young adults and elderly patients from Succha Centro and Yacopampa. In addition, a 7-month old infant from Huamachuco died from the infection after suffering from severe anemia.

Nigeria – Measles Outbreak

The number of children infected by measles at Maiduguri Arabic Teachers College (ATC) camp in Maiduguri has increased from 22 two days ago to 77, though the death toll remains at 6, even as state officials are seen battling to make the environment where the infected children are kept habitable.

The disease was introduced to the camp by people coming from Monguno whose communities were recently liberated after over two years of occupation by Boko Haram.


Wildfires – USA

Several destructive wildfires were raging across the Southwestern United States on Saturday, after consuming dozens of homes and forcing evacuations.

Firefighters have gained the upper hand on a blaze burning in the sparsely populated and wooded community of Timberon, New Mexico which had charred roughly 270 acres, destroyed 44 homes and damaged or demolished an additional two dozen structures since it was sparked on Wednesday.

Firefighters to the north in Colorado were facing a so-called red flag warning of low humidity and wind gusts of up to 30 miles per hour (48 kph) as they struggled to contain the 16,200 acre Hayden Pass Fire. Residents of about 140 homes were forced to flee the flames in Fremont County, which is about 65 miles (105 km) southwest of Colorado Springs. As of Saturday, fire personnel had carved out containment lines around only 5 percent of the inferno has fire officials suggested that it might take until October 1 to contain the fire.

To the southwest, in Arizona, firefighters aimed to keep the 3,700-acre Fuller Fire from reaching a highway that serves as a crucial artery in and out of the Grand Canyon National Park’s North Rim.


Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Sinabung (Sumatra, Indonesia): No significant changes have occurred in the ongoing effusive-explosive eruption of the volcano. The slow lava dome growth continues to feed a prominent lava lobe on the upper ESE flank that sheds glowing avalanches. Occasional larger collapses of this lava lobe produce more violent pyroclastic flows. In addition, the volcano continues to produce explosions, caused by trapped, pressurized gasses contained in the magma from the upper conduit or the dome itself. These vertical explosions have been occurring at rates of one per day on average recently. This morning, an ash plume rose to 15,000 ft (4.5 km) altitude, i.e. approx. 2 km above the summit.

Bromo (East Java, Indonesia): Mild to moderate ash emissions continue, generating a plume that rises up to 500-1000 m and drifts mostly northwest before dissipating.

Kilauea (Hawai’i): The latest mapping of the active lava flow in the coastal plain shows that the leading tip was about 870 m from the coast yesterday. Most of the activity in recent days has been the overriding and widening of the lava flow field, with only little net advance of the farthest lava front towards ocean. However, if the feeding of fresh lava through the main tube into the lava field in the coastal plain continues, and eventually establishes itself over increasing distance, it is more and more likely that the lava eventually reaches the sea. This is likely to occur in the near or medium-term future (days to weeks).

Santiaguito (Guatemala): A strong explosion (another in the ongoing series) occurred at the Caliente lava dome yesterday at 13:30 local time. According to INSIVUMEH, it generated an ash column that rose to approx. 5 km altitude, i.e. about 2500 m above the dome.

Piton de la Fournaise (La Réunion): The volcano is showing signs of unrest that could be (but not necessarily) precursors of a new eruption. Since the beginning of the month, shallow (0-2 km depth) volcanic earthquakes of rock-fracturing type under the Dolomieu crater (the main vent of the volcano) have been more frequent, probably caused by a new magma intrusion. The volcano observatory’s (OVPF) latest statement mentions that 111 “collapses” have occurred recently on the Dolomieu crater, the Enclos and on the lava flow of Aug-Oct 2015. In addition, it seems that new deformation has started during the past days, which would fit into the picture that the volcano is likely preparing itself for a new eruption, although the trend was still unclear and needs to be confirmed.