Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.3 Earthquake hits Minahasa, Sulawesi, Indonesia.

5.3 Earthquake hits the southern Mid-Atlantic ridge.

5.2 Earthquake hits southern Xinjiang, China.

5.1 Earthquake hits near the coast of Ecuador.

5.1 Earthquake hits near the east coast of Honshu, Japan.

5.0 Earthquake hits the southern Mid-Atlantic ridge.

5.0 Earthquake hits eastern Honshu, Japan.

5.0 Earthquake hits Guerrero, Mexico.

5.0 Earthquake hits Jujuy. Argentina.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Ryukyu Islands off Japan.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the Eastern Pacific

Tropical Storm Darby is located about 1050 mi…1695 km E of Hilo Hawaii with maximum sustained winds…65 mph…100 km/h. Present movement…W or 270 degrees at 13 mph…20 km/h.

Tropical Storm Estelle is located about 825 mi…1330 km WSW of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…70 mph…110 km/h. Present movement…W or 270 degrees at 12 mph…19 km/h.

In the South Indian Ocean

Tropical Cyclone Abela is located approximately 392 nm north-northwest of Port Louis, Mauritius, and is tracking westward at 09 knots.

Newsbytes:

Arizona, USA – Monsoon season is in full swing in the Southwest. Heavy rain and damaging winds have caused flooding and plenty of storm damage in the Phoenix area. The soft, saturated ground coupled with strong winds uprooted trees and snapped others in half.

Wildlife

Navy’s submarine hunts are too disturbing for marine wildlife – US Court

On Friday, a federal appeals court in San Francisco ruled that the Navy violated marine mammal protection laws, reversing a lower court’s decision that allowed military vessels to use a type of loud, low-frequency sonar approved in 2012.

Whales and other marine mammals have incredibly sensitive ears — blue whales can hear frequencies deeper than any human could hear, down to about 14 Hz. Whale songs can travel for thousands miles. It’s important to understand that the ocean is a world of sound, not sight.

In 2004 some 150 to 200 melon-headed whales came churning into Hawaii’s Hanalei Bay like a single mass. It was a strange sight for the Kauai islanders to behold. Melon-headed whales live in the deep ocean, feasting on squid. But here they were, swimming in the shallows no more than 100 feet from shore.

Over the course of July 3 and 4, 2004, volunteers and rescuers shepherded the animals back to sea, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s account of the mass stranding. The Washington Post reported at the time that it was the largest event of its kind in 150 years of Hawaiian history. Almost all of the whales made it back out into the open water. But not the entire pod. A young calf, split off from the rest of the herd, perished the next day.

A year later, 34 whales died when they were stranded at North Carolina’s Outer Banks. Three years after that and half the world way, 100 melon-headed whales were again stranded en masse, this time on the shores of Madagascar. The reasons why whales beach themselves are not always clear — strandings have been likened to car crashes in that the causes are myriad but the conclusion is never good. With the melon-headed whales, however, something was different. The events were unusual enough, and involved such large numbers, to prompt scrutiny. In both cases, a prime suspect emerged: sonar.

Prior to the 2004 stranding, the problematic relationship between sonar and whales was thought to be likely, though not exactly clear. Once the melon-headed whales started appearing in the shallows, evidence began to accumulate. The acoustic blasts used to detect objects like submarines in deep water — up to a whopping 200 decibels, as loud as a rocket takeoff — had been used just prior to both strandings, in a U.S. naval exercise near Hawaii and by an Exxon Mobil contractor near Madagascar.

The Court decision, is a major victory, and not only for marine mammals, but for the law that protects them.

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Disease

Mumps in Brazil

The outbreak of mumps in Brazil’s Federal District, which includes the Brazilian capital city, Brasília, has grown to nearly 1000 cases and has residents concerned as more cases are reported weekly.

Chikungunya in Brazil

While so much attention has been placed the Zika virus epidemic and to a lesser extent dengue fever in Brazil this year, another virus transmitted by the Aedes mosquito is being reported at a nearly 10 times amount compared to the first five months of the year in 2015.

Through May, 122,762 chikungunya cases were reported across the country compared to 13,160 cases in 2015 and more than 23,000 cases reported for the entire year. In addition, the generally considered rarely fatal mosquito borne viral disease has resulted in 17 deaths to date, compared to six reported all of last year.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Fuego (Guatemala): Strombolian-type explosions have increased in size and frequency during the past days. Many of the explosions ejected lava bombs to several hundred meters above the crater and caused spectacular incandescent avalanches on the upper slopes. So far, no lava flow has accompanied the current peak of activity; whether it will continue to evolve further or is about to end is difficult to judge.