Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.0 Earthquake hits off the east coast of Honshu, Japan.

5.7 Earthquake hits the South Georgia Islands.

5.5 Earthquake hits the South Georgia Islands.

5.3 Earthquake hits southeast of the Loyalty Islands.

5.2 Earthquake hits the South Georgia Islands.

5.1 Earthquake hits off the east coast of Honshu, Japan.

5.1 Earthquake hits the southern east Pacific rise.

5.1 Earthquake hits the South Georgia Islands.

Three 5.0 Earthquakes hit the South Georgia Islands.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the North Atlantic:

Tropical Storm Fiona is located about 1000 mi…1610 km E of the Leeward Islands with maximum sustained winds…40 mph…65 km/h. Present movement…WNW or 295 degrees at 13 mph…20 km/h.

Invest 99L is an area of disturbed weather in the North Atlantic that has the potential for further tropical development.

In the Eastern Pacific:

Tropical Storm Kay is located about 140 mi…225 km WNW of Socorro island and about 310 mi…495 km SW of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…50 mph…85 km/h. Present movement…NW or 310 degrees at 6 mph…9 km/h.

In the Western Pacific:

Tropical Storm 10w (Mindulle), located approximately 152 nm south of Iwo To, Japan, is tracking northward at 19 knots.

Tropical storm 12w (Lionrock), located approximately 302 nm southeast of Iwakuni, Japan, is tracking west-southwestward at 13 knots.

Tropical storm 13w (Kompasu), located approximately 288 nm east of Yokosuka, Japan, is tracking northwestward at 26 knots.

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Global Warming

Alaskan Village votes to relocate due to Global Warming

The village of Shishmaref in Alaska voted on Tuesday to relocate to the state’s mainland because global warming and rising sea levels.

Shishmaref Council secretary Donna Barr said the vote was largely symbolic because it will be costly financially to the community. “About 15 years ago, they estimated the cost at $180 million, but I would figure it’s much higher now,” Barr said, according to CNN. “We don’t see the move happening in our lifetime because of the funding.”

The village’s roughly 650 residents have seen warming temperatures melt sea ice and permafrost, which has resulted in houses falling into the water, CNN reports. At least 31 villages in Alaska face “imminent threats” due to climate change, the Government Accountability Office reported in 2009 but they do not qualify for federal funding and lack the means to relocate without it.

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Wildlife

Zebra finches sing to eggs to prepare babies for global warming

Zebra finches program their offspring to prepare for global warming by singing to eggs before they hatch. In especially hot areas, finch parents make a special call to incubating eggs, basically telling them it’s really hot outside and they better not grow too big. The hatchlings listen — and this mechanism might explain how birds learn to adapt, and survive climate change.

Many bird species sing to their eggs. These calls have been shown to do everything from improving learning to synchronizing hatching times. When it comes to the Australian zebra finch, we already know that they make a specific call when it’s unusually hot outside, which in this case means over 79 degrees Fahrenheit no matter what season it is. Finch parents start making these calls about five days before the eggs are supposed to hatch and the calls become more frequent the closer it gets to hatch time. This suggests the calls are a way to tell the soon-to-be-born finches about the world outside, and not just the parents complaining about the heat.

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Wildfires

Wildfires – California, USA

Blue cut wildfire nighttime

The Blue Cut fire in California is hot. That heat allowed thermal sensors aboard the Landsat 8 satellite to capture a glowing image of the blaze at night.

The satellite image shows the active flames north of San Bernardino County, California, on Aug. 17, at 10:36 p.m. PDT (1:35 a.m. EDT). The fire continues to move north, northwest and northeast, according to the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection.

The satellite image shows the active flames north of San Bernardino County, California, on Aug. 17, at 10:36 p.m. PDT (1:35 a.m. EDT). The fire continues to move north, northwest and northeast, according to the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection (CalFire).

The Blue Cut Fire started the morning of Aug. 16 in the Cajon Pass, west of Interstate 15; As of Aug. 18, the blaze had ballooned to about 35,969 acres, with 22 percent of that contained, according to CalFire. 96 Homes and 213 other buildings have been destroyed by the fires.

Disease

Zika Virus in Miami, Florida, USA

Federal health officials on Friday warned pregnant women not to travel to trendy Miami Beach after Florida confirmed that the mosquito-borne Zika virus was active in the popular tourist destination.

The US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention also suggested that pregnant women who are especially worried about exposure to Zika, which has been shown to cause the severe birth defect known as microcephaly – might consider avoiding all of Miami-Dade County.

The new warnings represent a challenge to Florida’s multibillion dollar tourism industry, with Miami Beach accounting for nearly half of visitor stays in the Greater Miami area. They also heighten concerns over Zika’s spread in the continental United States.

Deadly Yellow Fever Spreading, Amid Global Vaccine Shortages

As deadly yellow fever spreads to seven provinces of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), new measures have been introduced to ensure that as many people as possible are immunised, despite global shortages of the yellow fever vaccine.

Global emergency stocks of just 6 million yellow fever vaccines have been strained by the current outbreak, which began in Angola and has now spread to neighbouring DRC. To reach as many people as possible with the limited supply of vaccines, the World Health Organisation (WHO) has started recommending the use of partial doses.

So far in DRC there are 74 actual confirmed cases and there’ve been 16 deaths from those cases. This means that more than 20% of people who have contracted yellow fever in the DRC have died. The number of suspected cases in the DRC and Angola is much higher. A big city like Kinshasa is worrisome, no-one really knows how many people there are in Kinshasa, no census has been done since the 1980s but the estimate is around 10 million. The current campaign aims to reach 420,000 people in Kinshasa over 10 days.

Tuberculosis in Sweden

The number of reported cases of the dreaded lung disease tuberculosis is increasing rapidly in Sweden. Whereas the unparalleled influx of refugees is the main reason to blame for the outbreak, additionally many former Swedish patients have fallen ill again.

During the first half of the year, 421 new cases of tuberculosis were reported in Sweden, with a marked increase in the 15-19 age bracket with 90% being foreign born.