Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.8 Earthquake hits the Komandorskiye Ostrava region, Russia.

5.8 Earthquake hits off the east coast of North Island, New Zealand.

5.8 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.4 Earthquake hits off the east coast of North Island, New Zealand.

5.3 Earthquake hits Potosi, Bolivia.

5.1 Earthquake hits Salta, Argentina.

5.1 Earthquake hits the northern Mid-Atlantic ridge.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the North Atlantic:

Post-Tropical Cyclone Hermine is located about 95 mi…155 km S of the eastern tip of Long Island with maximum sustained winds…65 mph…100 km/h. Present movement…W or 270 degrees at 6 mph…10 km/h.

Invest 92L is an area of disturbed weather in the North Atlantic that has the potential for further tropical development.

In the Eastern Pacific:

Tropical Storm Lester is located about 885 mi…1425 km NNW of Honolulu Hawaii with maximum sustained winds…60 mph…95 km/h. Present movement…N or 350 degrees at 12 mph…19 km/h.

Hurricane Newton is located about 50 mi…85 km NW of Cabo San Lucas Mexico and about 185 mi…295 km SSE of Loreto Mexico with maximum sustained winds…90 mph…150 km/h. Present movement…NNW or 330 degrees at 17 mph…28 km/h.

Invest 91E is an area of disturbed weather in the East Pacific that has the potential for further tropical development.

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Newsbytes:

Mexico – Hurricane Newton: wind: hurricane and tropical storm conditions are occurring over much of the southern portion of the Baja California peninsula. These hazardous wind conditions will spread northward through this morning within the warning areas. Preparations to protect life and property should have been completed. For the Mexican Mainland, hurricane conditions are expected within the Hurricane Warning area by early Wednesday morning. Tropical storm conditions are expected over northwestern Mexico within the warning area beginning this morning, and these conditions will gradually spread northward throughout the day and into tonight. Rainfall: Newton is expected to produce total rain accumulations of 8 to 12 inches over the Mexican state of Baja California Sur, and 5 to 10 inches over the Mexican states of Sinaloa, Sonora, western Nayarit, and Jalisco, and a small part of Baja California Norte through Wednesday.

Wildlife

African penguin vanishing from coast

One of South Africa’s best-loved birds – the African penguin – is fast disappearing. This is possibly due to climate change and commercial fishing, according to a presentation yesterday at the International Penguin Congress, in Cape Town.

The fate of the African penguin is a barometer of the state of the oceans, and the latest evidence suggests there is cause for serious concern. “They are dying,” UK scientist Richard Sherley told the congress yesterday. “Adult survival has dropped from around 85% to, at its worst, 45%.”

The number of breeding pairs on Robben Island had dropped to only 1000, from more than 8000 a decade ago. A similar decline had been recorded at the Boulders Beach penguin colony, a popular tourist attraction.

South Africa is home to 80% of all African penguins so the situation is particularly grave, Sherley said. The decline has coincided with a shift in the distribution of sardines, a favourite penguin food, he said. The eastward shift in the sardine population appeared to be linked to factors such as over-fishing and a half-degree change in sea-surface temperature.

The penguin has a much smaller range than flying sea birds and so gives early warning of what is happening in the wider ecological context.

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Disease

Anthrax reported in Myanmar

At least seven people in Central Myanmar’s Sagaing Region are believed to have been infected with the bacterial disease, anthrax, after handling known diseased animals, according to a local media report. According to health officials, several unvaccinated cows died of the disease on Sep. 4 and were handled by the seven individuals.

Malaria in Venezuela

In 2015, Venezuela saw a record number of malaria cases with 136,402, the most reported in 75 years, since reliable records have been kept in the country. However, the situation is much worse in the South American country during the first 33 weeks of 2016.

The Sociedad Venezolana de Salud Pública Red Defendamos la Epidemiología, or the Venezuelan Society Epidemiology and Public Health reported today that through Aug. 20, Venezuela has seen 143,987 cases of malaria, representing an increase of 72.2% over the previous period in 2015 (83,623). Bolivar, the large state in eastern Venezuela, bordering Brazil and Guyana, still accounts for the majority of cases 114,963, or nearly eight out of 10 cases.

Of immediate concern is reports that indicate that the antimalarial drug, artemisinin, essential for the treatment of the most pathogenic strain of malaria, Plasmodium falciparum, are running low in stock. In Bolivar, where the epidemic is most severe, drug stocks are depleted as are diagnostic supplies like Giemsa stain and immunological rapid tests.

Chikungunya and Dengue in India

The latest official data from India, published in a Times of India report, concerning the mosquito borne viral diseases, chikungunya and dengue, have been released and we find that through Aug. 2016, 12,255 cases of chikungunya and 27,879 dengue fever cases in India.

And this is only the beginning as health officials say cases are expected to rise sharply over the next 2 months.

In addition, sixty dengue related fatalities were reported.

One of the main issues in the battle against these vector borne viruses is 86 percent of Aedes mosquito breeding occur in households in various forms of water, according to a government assessment.