Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.3 Earthquake hits Mindanao in the Philippines.

5.3 Earthquake hits the South Sandwich Islands.

5.2 Earthquake hits Seram, Indonesia.

5.0 Earthquake hits Veracruz, Mexico.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Unimak Islands, Alaska.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

In the North Atlantic: Tropical Storm Ian is located about 600 mi…965 km E of Cape Race Newfoundland and about 1500 mi…2410 km SW of Reykjavik, Iceland with maximum sustained winds…60 mph…95 km/h. Present movement…NE or 40 degrees at 48 mph…78 km/h.

Tropical Storm Julia is located about 215 mi…345 km SSE of Cape Fear North Carolina and about 240 mi…390 km ESE of Charleston South Carolina with maximum sustained winds…40 mph…65 km/h. Present movement…se or 135 degrees at 5 mph…7 km/h.

Tropical Storm Karl is located about 640 mi…1030 km WNW of the Cabo Verde islands and about 1870 mi…3005 km E of the Leeward Islands with maximum sustained winds…45 mph…75 km/h. Present movement…W or 280 degrees at 13 mph…20 km/h.

In the Eastern Pacific: Tropical Storm Orlene is located about 1005 mi…1615 km W of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…50 mph…85 km/h. Present movement…W or 270 degrees at 12 mph…19 km/h.

Invest 93E is an area of disturbed weather in the East Pacific that has the potential for further tropical development.

In the Western Pacific: Typhoon 18w (Malakas), located approximately 361 nm southwest of Kadena AB, is tracking north-northwestward at 11 knots.

Newsbytes:

Super Typhoon Meranti breaks records – Super Typhoon Meranti (Typhoon Ferdie in Philippines) is the strongest tropical cyclone worldwide in 2016 and is one of three most powerful typhoons ever recorded: Strongest typhoon since Typhoon Megi (2010) – In terms of pressure; Strongest since Typhoon Haiyan (2013) – In terms of maximum sustained winds; Strongest tropical cyclone worldwide in 2016 and Deepest tropical cyclone ever recorded anywhere on Earth. Typhoon Meranti has left at least 16 people dead or missing in China and an ancient bridge destroyed as it wreaked havoc on the country’s eastern coast. The storm, described by the official Xinhua news agency as the world’s strongest typhoon this year and the worst to hit Fujian province since records began in 1949, had killed seven people by Friday morning, the civil affairs ministry said in a statement. Another nine people were missing and more than 330,000 residents had been relocated, it added.

Adiós La Niña – The anticipated La Niña ocean cooling has failed to take hold across the tropical Pacific, with forecasters now saying it is unlikely to develop during the next several months. Some weather agencies had believed the opposite phase of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation phenomenon had a good chance of developing during the Northern Hemisphere autumn and winter, quickly following a near-record El Niño. A cooling briefly appeared to be developing earlier this year on the surface of the equatorial Pacific, then faded. Neutral conditions could bring beneficial rainfall to California this winter, but may mean less monsoon rainfall in South Asia.

Wildlife

Kruger Park in South Africa begins Controversial Drought Culling

Using the current drought across South Africa as a convenient pretext, the authorities running the Kruger Park have started culling substantial numbers of large herbivores ostensibly to relieve pressure on available resources, but apparently to supply meat to surrounding communities opportunistically protesting to claim Kruger Park land as their ancestral right and to free up water resources for such communities.

Blaming Hippo poo, they have started seriously reducing the 7 500 hippos in the Park.

To fulfil government commitments to feeding schemes for surrounding communities, thousands of buffalo have been “harvested”. Again a pretext is used to justify the rape and plunder of South Africa’s natural assets: There is no ‘natural attrition’ from human beings. Park officials claim that before Europeans arrived and declared a park, there were around 15 000 hunter-gatherers using it as their shopping mall! Yet historically there are no records of 15 000 people in the area.

Under “European” management the Kruger Park was established and thrived. Under “Post-Colonial” management, the Park has become a political pawn to satisfy the greed of often corrupt officials who have no thought or concern for the wildlife they are supposed to protect.

What is of particular concern is that the very officials responsible for the present culling are planning to use the present situation as a precedent for future “harvesting”, having already given notice that similar actions will be taken in the future.

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Spanish wetlands and wildlife sanctuary under threat

Donana National Park, part of southern Spanish wetland used by 6 million migratory birds, could dry out completely unless the Spanish government tackles the threat of dredging, mining and intensive farming, a report said on Thursday.

The World Wildlife Fund said Spain was failing to safeguard the 54,000 hectare (209 square mile) site, which stretches along the Guadalquivir River at its estuary on the Atlantic Ocean in Andalusia.

“The Donana wetland is at a crossroads. Poor management and over-extraction of water are causing Donana to dry out and the area now receives only 20 percent of its natural water input,” WWF said in the report.

The group called on Spain to eliminate what it said are 1,000 illegal wells and 3,000 hectares of illegal farming fields, and cancel dredging of the Guadalquivir River to protect and recover the park’s water sources.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Klyuchevskoy (Kamchatka): The effusive and mildly explosive eruption of the volcano continues with no significant changes over the past weeks. Active lava flows continue to descend on the eastern and south-western flanks of the volcano and produce a huge thermal anomaly seen on satellite data. Intermittent phases of elevated explosions at the summit crater as well as interaction of lava flows with snow also often generate a moderately large steam plume mixed with ash.

Yasur (Tanna Island, Vanuatu): Strombolian activity at the volcano has been very strong recently. Lava bombs often fall onto the outer crater rim or beyond, making it extremely dangerous to stay in that area. A video posted on youtube a few days ago (youtube.com/watch?v=XWeCuIC2zyw) shows a near-miss of a tourist filming on the crater rim when a strong explosion occurred, obscuring the view with ash and thousands of projectiles and a large (1 m across) bomb landed just two meters next to him… Extreme caution is required when visiting Yasur volcano!

Turrialba (Costa Rica): After more than 6 weeks of calm, a new eruption occurred Tuesday morning. Starting from 02:10 local time, strong gas and ash emissions generated a plume that reached approx. 1000 m height and was dispersed westwards. Activity continued until the early morning and gradually subsided around 06:00 local time. According to RNS (Red Nacional Sismologica), changes in internal (seismic) activity of the volcano had been detected since the evening before and new phases of ash emissions in the near future are possible if not likely.

Ubinas (Peru): The volcano has been showing increased signs of unrest that could herald a new phase of activity in the new future. Peru’s Geophysical Institute (IGP) reported very significant changes in the volcano’s seismic activity recently. After a gradual decrease of activity during the first half of the year until May, seismicity started again to pick up since June, indicating a new phase of internal pressure build-up. This trend has become more pronounced since 9 September when volcano-tectonic quakes, caused by internal rock fracturing (possibly due to intruding magma), appeared in greater numbers and with greater energy. Their location was at shallow depths of 3.6 km beneath the summit.

Piton de la Fournaise (La Réunion): The spectacular fissure eruption which had started on 11 Sep continues without signs of weakening. Over the past days, lava fountaining activity shifted from originally 4 or more active vents along the fissure to the northernmost vent where a cinder cone is forming and the main lava flow is emerging. Probably as a result of activity now focused on one vent, the lava fountains have increased to 30-50 meters average at the northern cone. The lava flow, traveling north and northeast, has a main channel and several side branches. It has by now reached the base of the northern cliffs of the Enclos near Nez Coupé de Sainte Rose. According to the volcano observatory, tremor has been stable, and actually showed a slight increase over the past days, meaning that the eruption could still continue for some time.

Disease

Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease – USA

Florida – Over the past week, Florida State University Health Services has identified more than a dozen cases of hand, foot and mouth disease.

New Jersey – An outbreak of hand-foot-and-mouth disease has struck in at least four schools across New Jersey. The first outbreak seemingly came out of nowhere in late August: Fifteen football players from Don Bosco Prep in Ramsey had come down with coxsackievirus, also known as hand-foot-and-mouth disease, forcing the cancellation of the team’s final scrimmage. Thirteen days later, a similar eruption of HFMD struck 16 miles away at Pequannock High School, postponing the football team’s season-opener. And now this week comes news of the the latest developments: More sudden outbreaks of HFMD among soccer players at Kinnelon High and Hunterdon Central High, schools located 55 miles apart in different counties.

Wildfires

NASA satellite spots dozens of Russian wildfires

NASA’s Terra satellite recently spotted a cluster of wildfires burning in Siberia.

The small red outlines seen in the photograph mark spikes in surface temperature sensed by MODIS, a sign of flames. Terra was able to make out several dozen fires and their plumes from an altitude of 440 miles.

NASA satellite spots dozens of Russian wildfires