Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.4 Earthquake hits Mindanao in the Philippines.

5.6 Earthquake hits Romania.

5.4 Earthquake hits south of the Kermedec Islands.

5.2 Earthquake hits near the north coast of Papua, Indonesia.

5.2 Earthquake hits the Azu Islands off Japan.

5.1 Earthquake hits Reykjane’s ridge.

5.1 Earthquake hits off the east coast of Honshu, Japan.

Two 5.0 earthquakes hit the South Sandwich Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits Reykjane’s ridge.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the North Atlantic: Tropical Storm Karl is located about 50 mi…80 km se of Bermuda with maximum sustained winds…65 mph…100 km/h. Present movement…NE or 35 degrees at 17 mph…28 km/h.

Tropical Depression Lisa is located about 1050 mi…1690 km WNW of the Cabo Verde islands and about 1170 mi…1885 km SW of the Azores with maximum sustained winds…35 mph…55 km/h. Present movement…NW or 315 degrees at 9 mph…15 km/h.

In the Eastern Pacific: Invest 94E is an area of disturbed weather in the East Pacific that has the potential for further tropical development.

In the Western Pacific: Tropical storm 20w (Megi), located approximately 644 nm southeast of Kadena AB, Okinawa, Japan, is tracking northwestward at 13 knots.

Newsbytes:

Indonesia Update – Flooding and landslide triggered by heavy rainfall have now claimed the lives of at least 26 people and left 19 others missing on the Indonesian island of Java.

North Korea – South Korea has repeated its refusal to give aid to the flood-hit North despite warnings of an epidemic, claiming that Kim Jong Un would take undue credit for its help. At least 138 people have died and nearly 400 are missing after torrential rain flooded villages in the impoverished northeast of North Korea, according to the UN. A “second disaster” is on the way through disease and malnutrition, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies warned as it appealed for $15.5 million in emergency funding. The UN estimates that 100,000 people are homeless and 40,000 need other forms of aid.

Australia – Forbes residents have evacuated under orders from the State Emergency Service as floodwaters are set to increase overnight and throughout Sunday. The town in central-western NSW has been hit by by floodwaters from the Lachlan River, which are poised to surpass 10.65 metres by midday on Sunday. More than 1000 residents were ordered to leave their homes on Saturday, and families heading west for the school holidays have been urged to avoid the area.

Global Warming

Greenland Is Losing More Ice Than Scientists Thought

Rising temperatures are melting ice and sending it to the ocean, a process that is pushing sea levels higher and altering the landscape at both poles. The latest news comes from Greenland, where researchers have used high-tech satellite and GPS measurements to see how much mass the ice sheet is losing.

Their results, published this week in Science Advances, indicate that it’s melting faster than previous estimates, particularly in areas where the ice sheet comes in direct contact with the ocean. It’s a troubling finding for the future of coastal areas around the world.

The Greenland ice sheet contains enough water that, if melted, would raise sea levels up to 23 feet. Rising temperatures have already eaten away at it, and Greenland’s ice sheet is responsible for about 30 percent of the observed foot of sea level rise since the start of the 20th century. While the rest of the ice sheet isn’t going to disappear overnight, it’s fate is intimately tied to the fate of communities along the coast.

Because of Greenland’s remoteness and sheer mass, measuring changes is a challenge. The land under the ice sheet also adds another wrinkle. Ice started receding due to natural forces 20,000 years ago, and the land underneath has been slowly rising in response.

The areas losing mass the fastest are spots where the ice sheet has a direct connection to the ocean. Rising ocean waters and air temperatures are essentially putting ice in a vice grip of warming and speeding up melt.

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Wildfires

Wildfires – California, USA

Firefighters in California continue to battle the Soberanes Fire near Big Sur, which recently became the most expensive wildfire in United States history. The blaze, which has been burning for almost two months, has cost $208.4 million to fight as of September 20, according to the Associated Press.

The fire began on July 22, with an illegal, unattended campfire. As of Friday, the fire was 71 percent contained. More than 2,000 firefighters are battling the fire, which has burned 121,000 acres, making it the 20th largest fire in California’s history.

Disease

Dengue Fever in Sri Lanka

The number of dengue fever cases in the capital city region of Colombo, Sri Lanka has eclipsed 13,000 cases through Sep.22, according to the Epidemiology Unit of the Sri Lanka Ministry of Health. The 13,059 dengue cases in Colombo accounts for more than 30 percent of the 41,173 cases reported nationwide.

Cholera in Lagos, Nigeria

Another outbreak of cholera has claimed six lives in the Lagos, Nigeria community of Isolo Local Council Development Area (LCDA), according to a local media report. The Health Ministry’s Epidemiology Unit reports forty-five cholera cases in the current outbreak.

Monkeypox outbreak reported in Mingala, Central African Republic

During the past month, fourteen monkeypox cases, including one fatality have been reported in four villages in the Sub-prefecture of Mingala in the Central African Republic (CAR), according to Reliefweb. This is the first outbreak of monkeypox in CAR since late 2015 in the Prefecture of Mbomou. In addition, there are reports of 10 fatalities due to an unknown cause in the same villages.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Kilauea (Hawai’i): The eruption continues with no significant changes. A sharp deflation since yesterday resulted in the Halema’uma’u lava lake drop by 14 meters in a single day. It is currently no longer visible from the Jagger museum overlook. Apart from that, lava flows continue to reach the ocean at two main entry points.