Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.1 Earthquake hits offshore Honduras.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Macquarie Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits off the east coast of Honshu, Japan.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the North Atlantic:

Hurricane Matthew is located about 130 mi…215 km NNW of Curacao and about 535 mi…860 km ESE of Kingston Jamaica with maximum sustained winds…100 mph…155 km/h. Present movement…W or 265 degrees at 14 mph…22 km/h.

In the Eastern Pacific:

Tropical Depression Ulika is located about 885 mi…1420 km E of Hilo Hawaii and about 1075 mi…1735 km E of Honolulu Hawaii with maximum sustained winds…35 mph…55 km/h. Present movement…WNW or 290 degrees at 9 mph…15 km/h.

Invest 97E is an area of disturbed weather in the East Pacific that has the potential for further tropical development.

In the Western Pacific:

Tropical Storm 21w (Chaba), located approximately 934 nm southeast of Kadena AB, Guam, is tracking northwestward at 07 knots.

Newsbytes:

Caribbean – Hurricane Matthew, the fifth hurricane of the 2016 Atlantic hurricane season, triggered flooding and landslides on eastern Caribbean islands claiming the life of one person. A tropical storm watch has been issued for Bonaire, Curacao and Aruba along Colombia/Venezuela border to Riohacha. Government offices in Aruba have been closed today and Curacao’s parliamentary elections have been postponed until next week.

West Java, Indonesia – According to the Indonesian Red Cross Society, at least 37 people have died and 20 others are still missing after flash floods and landslides struck Garut and Sumedang regencies in West Java. Reports from the National Disaster Management Agency indicate that 858 houses were destroyed and 1,600 others were damaged. Nearly 6,400 people have been displaced in the Garut regency, where water reaching 2 meters high in some areas inundated at least eight sub-districts. Landslides displaced 1,300 people in the villages within the Sumedang regency.

Wildlife

Bumblebee Set to Become Officially Endangered

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The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) has proposed listing a species of bumblebee as an endangered species, the first bee species to be granted such federal protection in the continental United States.

The rusty patched bumblebee – the workers of which can be identified by a small rust-colored mark on the middle of their second abdominal segment – was historically widespread along the east coast of North America, from Quebec down to Georgia, and across much of the midwest as far west as the Dakotas. However, says USFWS, since the late 1990s, the species’ numbers have decreased precipitously, and its range is now a mere 8 percent of its historical extent.

According to the Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation, the bee faces numerous threats from disease, pesticides, habitat loss, and climate change. The society says that the species’ recent decline — and that of other, closely related, bumblebees — was likely initiated by the spread of pathogens from commercial bees (which are raised and sold to pollinate greenhouse tomatoes and other crops) into the wild population.

Additionally, there’s concern over the widespread use of neonicotinoid insecticides within the species’ range. These insecticides have been implicated in declines of other bee species and were introduced around the time that the rusty patched bumblebee entered its downward spiral.

Rare frog goes extinct

A rare tree frog — the last documented member of a species relatively new to science — has died at the Atlanta Botanical Garden.

The body of the Rabbs’ fringe-limbed tree frog was discovered in its enclosure Monday morning during a routine daily health inspection.

n 2005, the three groups sent a team of scientists to Panama to collect live animals before a disease called chytridiomycosis struck the area. Among the frogs they brought back to Atlanta was a species of tree frogs (Ecnomiohyla rabborum) that hadn’t been seen before. Identified in 2005 by Zoo Atlanta herpetology curator Joseph Mendelson, it was later named for conservationists George and Mary Rabb. In time, the disease did arrive in Panama, and many of the frogs disappeared.

NewsEngin 16287380 Rabbs Frog 2

Jellyfish Invasion

Swarms of invasive comb jellyfish threaten to devastate fish stocks in the Adriatic Sea.

While not dangerous to humans, population blooms of the jellies have devastated fisheries in the Black Sea.

The invaders arrived in oil tanker ballast waters from the Atlantic off North America in 1982, then spread rapidly without any natural enemies.

Since then, they have cost the seafood industry billions of dollars as they spread from the Black Sea to the Caspian and Baltic seas, and now the Adriatic.

Global Warming

Northward Migrating Terns

American researchers were startled this past summer to find a pair of Caspian terns nesting 1,000 miles farther north than the species had ever before been seen.

Typically not found north of Washington state, the birds successfully bred in Alaska’s Cape Krusenstern National Monument.

“[For these birds] to be 1,000 miles further north attests to how much the globe has warmed,” Stanford University biologist Terry Root told The Guardian.

Environment

Global Temperature Extremes

The week’s hottest temperature was again 113.0 degrees Fahrenheit (45 degrees Celsius) in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.

The week’s coldest temperature was minus -93.0 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 69.4 degrees Celsius) at Russia’s Vostok Antarctic research station.

Temperatures were tabulated from the more than 10,000 worldwide synoptic weather stations. The United Nations World Meteorological Organization sets the standards for weather observations, and provides a global telecommunications circuit for data distribution.

Disease

Diphtheria reappears in Venezuela after long absence: Another symptom of a broken health system

The governor of Bolivar state, Venezuela, Francisco Rangel Gómez confirmed this week that there are 13 cases of diphtheria in the town of San Antonio, Sifontes municipality, according to a El Diario de Guayana report. The Venezuelan Society of Public Health says diphtheria was eradicated in Venezuela in the late 1940s.

Rift Valley fever in Niger

On 30 August 2016, WHO received reports about unexplained deaths among humans, along with death and abortion in livestock in the North Western parts of Niger, and the areas bordering Mali.

From 2 August to 22 September 2016, 64 human cases including 23 deaths have been reported in Tchintabaraden health district in Tahoua region. The area is mainly populated by nomadic stockbreeders. The deaths have now been attributed to Rift Valley Fever.

Dengue Fever Cases Increase in Vietnam

Officials in Ho Chi Mihn City (HCM City) say that recent increased rainfall has resulted in an increase in the mosquito population in Vietnam’s largest city and the resulting increase in dengue fever.

More than 11,300 dengue cases in the city have been reported this year, an increase of 35 per cent compared to the same period last year and the trend is expected to continue for the next several weeks as Vietnam’s peak dengue season continues through October.

According to local media, Cu Chi District is the hottest spot for dengue infections besides Hoc Mon, Binh Chanh, Thu Duc and Binh Thanh districts.

Hawaii Hepatitis A cases now at 284 as outbreak continues

Eight new cases this week have increased the state Department of Health’s tally of hepatitis A cases to 284 as the worst outbreak of the viral disease in two decades in Hawaii continues to run its course.

The health department first issued a medical advisory to all health care providers on June 30 urging them to report all suspected hepatitis A infections in the search for the cause of the outbreak. The infectious liver disease is usually spread through food or drink contaminated with traces of the feces of an infected person. It can also spread through close personal contact.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Barujari (Indonesia): Indonesian officials distributed more than 300,000 face masks to residents of Lombok Island as ash from restive Mount Barujari threatened to rain down. While ash from a sudden eruption soared more than 6,000 feet into the sky, most of it blew offshore to the southwest of the volcano. Tremors of up to 5.2 in magnitude jolted Mount Barujari before the eruption.