Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.5 Earthquake hits the Bonin Islands off Japan.

5.1 Earthquake hits the South Sandwich Islands.

5.1 Earthquake hits off the east coast of Honshu, Japan.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

In the North Atlantic:

Hurricane Matthew is located about 45 mi…85 km ENE of Cabo Lucrecia Cuba and about 115 mi…185 km S of Long Island Bahamas with maximum sustained winds…115 mph…185 km/h. Present movement…NNW or 345 degrees at 10 mph…17 km/h.

Tropical Storm Nicole is located about 490 mi…790 km NNE of San Juan Puerto Rico with maximum sustained winds…50 mph…85 km/h. Present movement…WNW or 300 degrees at 6 mph…9 km/h.

In the Western Pacific:

Tropical Storm 21w (Chaba), located approximately 121 nm north-northwest of Iwakuni, Japan, is tracking northeastward at 34 knots.

Newsbytes:

Hurricane Matthew – Emergency teams in Haiti struggled Wednesday to reach hurricane-ravaged areas cut off by washed-out bridges and mudslides after Hurricane Matthew roared over the nation’s western tip to began a devastating island-hopping path that arcs toward the U.S. coast. The full extent of Matthew’s blow to Haiti remained unclear with communications almost fully severed to some regions in the Western Hemisphere’s poorest nation — where tens of thousands of people still living in tents after a powerful earthquake six years ago killed 200,000 people. At least 11 deaths — including at least four in neighbouring Dominican Republic — have been blamed on the hurricane, which packed winds of up 145 mph when it hit Haiti on Tuesday and then moved on toward Cuba and the Bahamas. A weakened Matthew was expected to make landfall in Florida on Thursday.

Australia – Another spell of violent weather rolls through the Great Australian Bight, causing widespread disruption. Australia’s wettest spring on record has now developed into the wettest start to October for nearly a century in some areas. The latest spell of heavy rain caused more damage in South Australia on Tuesday, just a week after the entire state suffered a power outage. Floodwaters in the Adelaide Hills damaged homes, while strong winds caused trees to be uprooted. The nation’s capital, Canberra, was also hit: The State Emergency Service issued thunderstorm warnings as a wind gust of 96 kilometres per hour was reported.

Global Warming

EU boosts Paris climate deal

The European Parliament approved the Paris accord to fight climate change on Tuesday, tipping it over the threshold needed for the global deal to enter into force, in what UN chief Ban Ki-moon hailed as an historic vote.

The Paris Agreement reached by nearly 200 nations nearly one year ago will help guide a radical shift of the world economy away from fossil fuels in order to limit heat waves, floods, droughts and rising sea levels.

European Union approval, expected to be signed off on by the bloc’s 28 nations this week, will lift the deal over the required level of nations representing at least 55 percent of global emissions to enter into force.

Global Warming has detrimental effect on “good” gut bacteria

Rising temperatures may be too much for bacteria that form a mutually beneficial relationship with many animals – and may move up the food chain to humans. Global warming may wreak havoc on the food chain by killing off ‘good bacteria’ in the stomachs of insects and other animals, a new study suggests.

The researchers raised one type of insect – the southern green stinkbug – in an incubator kept 2.5 degrees Celsius warmer than the temperature outside. That is the average scientists expect the world to warm by 2100.

They found this produced a significant reduction in the “good bacteria” in their guts, with which they have a beneficial symbiotic relationship.

As a result, the young stinkbugs grew up to be smaller than normal and, at higher temperatures, none of them were able to reach sexual maturity, the researchers reported in the journal mBio.