Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.1 Earthquake hits Tarapaca, Chile.

5.1 Earthquake hits Samoa.

5.0 Earthquake hits Seram,, Indonesia.

5.0 Earthquake hits east of North Island, New Zealand.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the western Pacific: Tropical storm 26w (Meari), located approximately 331 nm north of Ulithi, is tracking northeastward at 07 knots.

Newsbytes:

Philippines – Around 1,500 houses in four sitios of Barangay Basak, Lapu-Lapu City remained submerged in ankle- to knee-deep flood waters due to heavy downpours experienced in Cebu for the past several days.

Global Warming

Paris Climate Agreement Becomes International Law

The Paris Agreement to combat climate change becomes international law on Friday — a landmark demonstrating that countries are serious about tackling global warming amid growing fears that the world is becoming hotter faster than scientists expected.

So far, 96 countries, accounting for just over two-thirds of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions, have formally joined the accord, which seeks to limit global warming to 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit). Many more countries are expected to come aboard in the coming weeks and months.

Scientists praised the speed at which the agreement, signed by 192 parties last December in Paris, has come into force, saying it underscores a new commitment by the international community to address the problem which is melting polar ice caps, sending sea levels rising and transforming vast swaths of arable land into desert.

But scientists and policy makers say the agreement entering into force is just the first step of a much longer and complicated process of transitioning away from fossil fuels, which currently supply the bulk of the planet’s energy needs and also are the primary drivers of global warming.

Environment

Global Temperature Extremes

The week’s hottest temperature was again 108.0 degrees Fahrenheit (42.2 degrees Celsius) in Beitbridge, Zimbabwe.

The week’s coldest temperature was minus 75.0 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 59.4 degrees Celsius) at Russia’s Vostok Antarctic research station.

Temperatures were tabulated from the more than 10,000 worldwide synoptic weather stations. The United Nations World Meteorological Organization sets the standards for weather observations, and provides a global telecommunications circuit for data distribution.

Wildlife

Winged Invaders

A colourful bird native to South America is steadily colonising Madrid and other Spanish cities, raising complaints that the interlopers are disturbing the peace with their shrill squawks, and disrupting the local ecology.

Monk parakeets, also known as quaker parrots, first arrived in Spain as pets. But since escaping their cages, their numbers have exploded to around 20,000.

Wildfires

Wildfires – Kentucky, USA

Gov. Matt Bevin on Thursday declared a state of emergency because of 38 wildfires burning mostly in eastern Kentucky. The Kentucky Division of Forestry said the fires had burned 3,800 acres in Harlan, Breathitt, Clay, Bell, Knox and other counties. One of the biggest was near Pine Mountain, where remote terrain makes it difficult to battle.

The National Guard has dispatched three helicopters, including two Blackhawks, to help, using 600-gallon water buckets. More could be sent in coming days, officials said. Kentucky Emergency Management officials said several schools were closed in Pike County due to smoke but that no injuries or evacuations were reported. The Red Cross has shelters set up as a precaution. Outdoor burn bans were enacted in a number of counties.

Disease

Arkansas, USA mumps outbreak – Update

The number of suspected and lab confirmed cases of mumps in northwest and central Arkansas has increased by a whopping 173 cases in one week, according to newly released numbers from The Arkansas Department of Health (ADH) yesterday.

One week ago, the case tally stood at 769 cumulative cases. As of Wednesday, ADH puts the number at 942. The 942 includes individuals who have displayed symptoms related to mumps or have received lab confirmation that they are positive for the virus.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity – Ongoing Activity for the week of 26 October-1 November 2016

Turrialba | Costa Rica : OVSICORI-UNA reported that daily during 27 October-1 November ash plumes rose as high as 1 km above Turrialba’s active vent. The plumes drifted in variable directions; ashfall was reported in Nubes de Coronado on 28 October.

Nevados de Chillán | Chile : Based on webcam images, the Buenos Aires VAAC reported that on 28 October an ash puff from Nevados de Chillán rose to an altitude of 4.3 km (14,000 ft) a.s.l. and quickly dissipated near the summit.

Sheveluch | Central Kamchatka (Russia) : KVERT reported that during 21-28 October lava-dome extrusion onto Sheveluch’s N flank was accompanied by strong fumarolic activity, dome incandescence, ash explosions with ash plumes as high as 7 km (23,000 ft) a.s.l., and hot avalanches. Satellite images showed a daily thermal anomaly over the dome. According to video and satellite data, ash plumes drifted just over 300 km E, N, and NW on 20, 22, and 26 October. The Aviation Colour Code remained at Orange.

Sinabung | Indonesia : Based on satellite images, wind data, and ground reports from PVMBG, the Darwin VAAC reported that on 26 and 29 October ash plumes from Sinabung rose to an altitude of 4.2 km (14,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted SSE. During 31 October-1 November ash plumes rose to an altitude of 3.4 km (11,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NE.