Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

7.0 Earthquake hits off the coast of Central America.

The earthquake was felt across the region, including Managua, the capital of Nicaragua; San Salvador, the capital of El Salvador; and San Jose, the capital of Costa Rica. The Pacific Tsunami Warning Centre said El Salvador and Nicaragua could experience related tsunami waves of 1-3 feet. No reports of injuries or damage were reported.

5.5 Earthquake hits Taiwan.

5.5 Earthquake hits the Komandorskiye Ostrova region, Russia.

5.5 Earthquake hits near the east coast of Kamchatka, Russia.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Komandorskiye Ostrova region, Russia.

5.0 Earthquake hits off the west coast of South Island, New Zealand.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Kermedec Islands.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the East Pacific:

Tropical Storm Otto is located about 115 mi…190 km WSW of Santa Elena Costa Rica with maximum sustained winds…60 mph…95 km/h. Present movement…W or 265 degrees at 14 mph…22 km/h.

In the West Pacific:

Tropical storm 29w (Tokage), located approximately 194 nm south of Manila, Philippines, is tracking westward at 10 knots.

Gl sst mm

Global Warming

Arctic Alarm

Temperatures around the North Pole were up to 36 degrees Fahrenheit above normal during November, alarming researchers who say the warmth could lead to even more record lows of Arctic sea ice next year.

“These temperatures are literally off the charts for where they should be at this time of year,” said Rutgers University researcher Jennifer Francis. “It is pretty shocking.”

Temperatures rose sharply this month despite the lack of sunlight experienced at the beginning of the five months of the Arctic winter night.

This was accompanied by Arctic sea ice being at its lowest coverage ever recorded during November.

Environment

Global Temperature Extremes

The week’s hottest temperature was 108.0 degrees Fahrenheit (42.2 degrees Celsius) in Twee Riviere, South Africa.

The week’s coldest temperature was minus 52.0 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 46.6 degrees Celsius) in Topolinoye, Siberia.

Temperatures were tabulated from the more than 10,000 worldwide synoptic weather stations. The United Nations World Meteorological Organization sets the standards for weather observations, and provides a global telecommunications circuit for data distribution.

Wildfires

Wildfires – Peru

Wildfires have torn through more than 22,000 hectares (54,363 acres) of forest, protected areas and farmland in drought-stricken parts of Peru as the Andean country suffers one of its driest periods in years, authorities said on Thursday.

The spate of wildfires in the past week were likely started by accident after peasant farmers burned fields to prepare them for planting.

Strong winds fanned the flames that quickly crossed the Andean regions of Cajamarca and Lambayeque in northern Peru, which are experiencing prolonged droughts, Ortega said.

Fires have been contained in five nature reserves, including the Laquipampa Wildlife Refuge that is home to the protected spectacled bear, the inspiration for the Paddington Bear character in English children’s literature.

In September, wildfires along the Ene River in a southern Amazonian region destroyed some 20,000 hectares (49,421 acres) of rainforest.

Disease

Rift Valley Fever in Niger

On 30 August, the Ministry of Health in Niger notified WHO of unexplained deaths among humans, along with deaths in livestock in the Tahoua region of Niger. On 23 September, human and animal specimens were tested at the Institut Pasteur de Dakar (IPD) and were reported positive for Rift Valley Fever (RVF) virus by PCR and for specific IgM antibodies confirming the first outbreak of RVF in Niger. Initially the outbreak was centered in the north west of the country in areas bordering Mali, in particular around Tassara and Tchintabaraden in the Tahoua Region, however suspected cases of RVF have recently been identified in new areas to the north and south of Tchintabaraden.

Dengue Fever in Burkino Faso

Dengue fever has killed at least 18 people in Burkina Faso since August in the worst recorded outbreak of the disease to hit the West African nation, an aid agency said on Thursday. The mosquito-borne virus – which causes flu-like symptoms and can develop into the deadly hemorrhagic dengue fever – has infected nearly 2,000 people, mainly in central Burkina Faso.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity – Ongoing activity for the week of 16 November-22 November 2016

Dukono | Halmahera (Indonesia) : Based on analyses of satellite imagery and model data, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 16 and 18-22 November ash plumes from Dukono rose to altitudes of 2.1-3 km (7,000-10,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted in multiple directions.

Fuego | Guatemala : INSIVUMEH reported that during 16-17 and 19 November explosions at Fuego generated ash plumes that rose 650-950 m above the crater rim and drifted 12 km W, SW, and S. Incandescent material was ejected as high as 200 m causing minor avalanches confined to the crater. The 15th Strombolian episode in 2016 began on 20 November. Lava fountains rose as high as 300 m and fed three lava flows which traveled 1 km S down the Trinidad drainage, 2 km SSW down the Ceniza drainage, and 2.5 km SE down the Las Lajas drainage. Explosions generated ash plumes that rose as high as 1.3 km and drifted 15 km S and SW. Ashfall was reported in areas downwind including Morelia (9 km SW), Santa Sofía (12 km SW), and Panimaché I and II (8 km SW). Lava fountains continued to rise 300 m above the crater rim on 21 November and avalanches of material descended the Santa Teresa (W) and Taniluyá (SW) drainages. Ash plumes rose 1.3 km and drifted 20 km S, SW, and W, causing ashfall again in Morelia, Santa Sofía, and Panimaché I and II. INSIVUMEH noted that on 22 November the Strombolian eruptive phase had ended. Ash plumes continued to be generated, rising as high as 1.8 km and drifting more than 10 km S and SW.

Kilauea | Hawaiian Islands (USA) : During 16-22 November HVO reported that the lava lake continued to rise and fall, circulate, and spatter in Kilauea’s Overlook vent; the lake level rose as high as 7.5 m below the Halema’uma’u floor. Webcams recorded incandescence from long-active sources within Pu’u ‘O’o Crater. The 61G lava flow, originating from a vent on Pu’u ‘O’o Crater’s E flank, continued to enter the ocean near Kamokuna at the easternmost lava delta.

Klyuchevskoy | Central Kamchatka (Russia) : KVERT reported that on 17 November an ash plume from Klyuchevskoy visible in satellite images rose to an altitude of 5 km (16,400 ft) a.s.l. and drifted almost 60 km WNW. The Aviation Color Code remained at Yellow.

Nevado del Ruiz | Colombia : Based on information from the Bogota MWO, the Washington VAAC reported on 16 November an ash plume from Nevado del Ruiz rose to an altitude of 6.7 km (22,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NE. Weather clouds prevented satellite views.

Nevados de Chillan | Chile : The Buenos Aires VAAC reported that on 18 November an ash puff from Nevados de Chillán was recorded by the webcam. SERNAGEOMIN reported that two explosions, detected at 0536 on 18 November, generated a plume that rose 1.2 km above the crater rim.