Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the West Pacific:

Tropical storm 29w (Tokage), located approximately 198 nm west-northwest of Manila, Philippines, is tracking northeastward at 05 knots.


Indonesia – Bojonegoro subdistrict’s Disaster Mitigation Agency (BPPD) reported that 96 villages in 15 districts in the area were struck by floods due to the overflow of the Bengawan Solo river with 14.82 meters of water level (flood warning) on Saturday at round 2 o’clock in the afternoon (26/11). They further estimate that the water level in Bnegawan Solo will continue to rise up to 15.30 m high due to floods in the upstream areas. This estimate means that floods will hit 146 villages in 16 districts.

Washington, USA – The National Weather Service issued a landslide warning for western Washington Saturday morning after heavy rain continued to strike the region. Rainfall in the half-inch to two-inch range has been recorded across much of western Washington since Friday. Flooding was reported Friday on the Skokomish River in Mason County, Skookumchuck River in Thurston County and the Chehalis River around Grand Mound. A flood watch continues for Lewis, Thurston, and Grays Harbor counties. It is possible that the lower reaches of the Chehalis could go above flood stage Saturday.


Cholera in Ghana – Update

Health authorities in the Cape Coast are still battling with cholera cases even as they attempt to ban food vending on the campus of the University of Cape Coast.

Over 400 people have been affected by the outbreak since it broke about a month ago. 200 cases have been reported at the University of Cape Coast hospital alone with fears the situation may take a turn to the worse.

Bird Flu in the Netherlands

Some 190,000 ducks were destroyed on Saturday at six farms in the Netherlands following an avian flu outbreak, the country’s first cull in response to an epidemic sweeping northern Europe.

Outbreaks of avian flu, primarily the highly pathogenic H5N8 strain, have been reported in Denmark, Finland, Germany and Sweden over the past week.


Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Popocatépetl (Central Mexico): An unusually long and strong explosion occurred on 25 Nov 2016 starting from 10:47 local time. A continuous jet of steam, gas, and fragmented volcanic material which lasted about 20 minutes generated a billowing plume that rose approx. 5 km.


Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.9 Earthquake hits southern Xinjiang, China.

The strong earthquake in a remote area of China’s extreme west has killed at least one villager after a home collapsed.

5.2 Earthquake hits southern Xinjiang, China.

5.1 Earthquake hits southern Xinjiang, China.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Izu Islands off Japan.

5.0 Earthquake hits North Island, New Zealand.

5.0 Earthquake hits the central Mid-Atlantic ridge.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the East Pacific: Tropical Storm Otto is located about 385 mi…615 km SW of San Salvador El Salvador and about 515 mi…830 km SSE of Salina cruz Mexico with maximum sustained winds…50 mph…85 km/h. Present movement…W or 260 degrees at 18 mph…30 km/h.

Four people died in Costa Rica during the devastation of Hurricane Otto, whose epicentre has now moved into the Pacific Ocean, while Nicaragua’s Cardenas municipality on the Costa Rican border awoke Friday morning unable to contact the outside world, without electricity and with overflowing rivers.

In the West Pacific: Tropical storm 29w (Tokage), located approximately 196 nm west-southwest of Manila, Philippines, is tracking northwestward at 11 knots.


Italy – Authorities have issued flood warnings across northern Italy as heavy rain has led to widespread flooding. Many rivers have overflowed. The swollen River Po, Italy’s longest, burst its banks in Turin after 171mm of rain fell in just three days. In the 24-hour period up to 06:00GMT on Friday, the city recorded 116mm of rain compared with the November average of only 77mm. Homes were evacuated and schools and public businesses closed in northwestern Italy on Thursday as heavy rain caused the Tanaro River to overflow. Flood warnings have been issued in the regions of Liguria and Piedmont, which have been hardest hit. The bad weather struck the area, sending torrents of waves through the Tanaro and on to river banks and streets.

Brisbane, Australia – Heavy rainfall and widespread flooding has battered south-east Queensland. Stationary storms made their way down the Queensland coastline with bayside suburbs in Brisbane recording almost 100 millimetres of rainfall. Brisbane Airport copped 97 millimetres of rain, mostly between 6am and 7am while Redcliffe received 87 millimetres on Saturday.

Trinidad and Tobago – Citizens throughout Trinidad are today bracing themselves for more flooding with reports of heavy rains. There have been complaints throughout the country and reports of rising flood waters. There are reports that some residents in Mayaro and Rio Claro had to leave their homes while some were marooned due to flood waters yesterday.

Global Warming

Captain Cook’s detailed 1778 records confirm global warming today in the Arctic

in the summer of 1778, when Capt. James Cook tried to find a Western entrance to the route, his men toiled on frost-slicked decks and complained about having to supplement dwindling rations with walrus meat.

The British expedition was halted north of the Bering Strait by “ice which was as compact as a wall and seemed to be 10 or 12 feet high at least,” according to the captain’s journal. Cook’s ships followed the ice edge all the way to Siberia in their futile search for an opening, sometimes guided through fog by the braying of the unpalatable creatures the crew called Sea Horses.

More than two centuries later, scientists are mining meticulous records kept by Cook and his crew for a new perspective on the warming that has opened the Arctic in a way the 18th century explorer could never have imagined. The results, published this month in the journal Polar Geography, confirm the significant shrinkage of the summer ice cap and shed new light on the timing of the transformation.

From the time of Cook until the 1990s, you more or less could count on hitting the ice somewhere around 70 degrees north in August. Now the ice edge is hundreds of miles farther north.

That meshes with modern observations that confirm rapid shrinkage of the Arctic ice pack over the past three decades, Overland said. The total volume of ice in summer is now 60 to 70 percent lower than it was in the 1980s, while Arctic temperatures have increased at twice the rate of the rest of the planet as a result of rising greenhouse-gas levels.

With more melting in the summer and delayed freezing in the fall, the once-elusive Northwest Passage is now navigable for private yachts and commercial vessels.


Brazil – Chikungunya, Dengue and Zika Virus

The Brazil Ministry of Health reports (computer translated) 855 cities, or approximately 37 percent, are in a situation of alert and risk of outbreak of the mosquito borne viral diseases, dengue, chikungunya and Zika, according to the Fast Index Survey for Aedes aegypti (LIRAa) of 2016 released by the Health Minister, Ricardo Barros yesterday.

Brazil health officials have reported 251,051 suspected cases of chikungunya fever, of which 134,910 were confirmed. In the same period last year, there were 26,763 suspected cases and 8,528 confirmed cases. Chikungunya related deaths stand at 138, according to health officials.

There were 208,867 probable cases of Zika fever nationwide by October 22, representing an incidence rate of 102.2 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. The autochthonous, or local transmission of the virus in the country was confirmed as of April 2015, with laboratory confirmation in Bahia. The Ministry of Health has made notification of Zika cases in February this year compulsory. The Southeast Region had 83,884 probable cases of the disease, followed by the Northeast (75,762); Midwest (30,969); North (12,200) and South (1,052).

Health officials report 1,458,355 dengue cases through Oct. 22. This is a decrease of 5.5% from the 2015 total during the same period in 2015 (1,543,000). Considering the regions of the country, the Southeast and Northeast present the highest number of cases, with 848,587 cases and 322,067 cases, respectively. Next are the Midwest (177,644), South (72,114) and North (37,943).


Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity – Ongoing activity for the week of 16 November-22 November 2016

Sangay | Ecuador : Based on satellite images and wind data, the Washington VAAC reported that during 16-17 November ash plumes from Sangay rose to an altitude of 6.1 km (20,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted as far as 290 km SE.

Sheveluch | Central Kamchatka (Russia) : KVERT reported that during 11-18 November lava-dome extrusion onto Sheveluch’s N flank was accompanied by strong fumarolic activity, dome incandescence, ash explosions with ash plumes as high as 6 km (19,700 ft) a.s.l., and hot avalanches. Satellite images showed a daily thermal anomaly over the dome, and ash plumes that drifted as far as 170 km E on 12 and 15 November. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-color scale).

Sinabung | Indonesia : Based on satellite images, wind data, ground reports from PVMBG, and the Jakarta MWO, the Darwin VAAC reported that on 20 November ash plumes from Sinabung rose to altitudes of 3.3-3.9 km (11,000-13,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted E.

Suwanosejima | Ryukyu Islands (Japan) : Based on JMA notices and satellite-image analyses, the Tokyo VAAC reported that during 16-17 November explosions at Suwanosejima generated ash plumes that rose to an altitude over 1.2 km (4,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted S. During 20-21 November ash plumes rose to an altitude of 1.8 km (6,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted E.

Turrialba | Costa Rica : OVSICORI-UNA reported that tremor and ash emissions at Turrialba ceased on 17 November. Tremor amplitude increased at 0140 on 19 November, though weather clouds prevented visual confirmation of correlating emissions. By 0800 tremor amplitude was low and some long-period events were recorded. Low emissions were mostly white, indicating gas, water vapor, and minor amounts of ash. A small quantity of ash fell in Cartago and Paraíso de Cartago (25 km SW). Tremor amplitude remained low on 20 November. A thin layer of ash deposits were reported in Ipis de Goicoechea, 27 km SW of the crater.

Ulawun | New Britian (Papua New Guinea) : Based on analyses of satellite imagery, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 16-18 November ash plumes from Ulawun rose to altitudes of 2.7-3 km (9,000-10,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted over 30 km SE, SW, and W.


Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

7.0 Earthquake hits off the coast of Central America.

The earthquake was felt across the region, including Managua, the capital of Nicaragua; San Salvador, the capital of El Salvador; and San Jose, the capital of Costa Rica. The Pacific Tsunami Warning Centre said El Salvador and Nicaragua could experience related tsunami waves of 1-3 feet. No reports of injuries or damage were reported.

5.5 Earthquake hits Taiwan.

5.5 Earthquake hits the Komandorskiye Ostrova region, Russia.

5.5 Earthquake hits near the east coast of Kamchatka, Russia.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Komandorskiye Ostrova region, Russia.

5.0 Earthquake hits off the west coast of South Island, New Zealand.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Kermedec Islands.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the East Pacific:

Tropical Storm Otto is located about 115 mi…190 km WSW of Santa Elena Costa Rica with maximum sustained winds…60 mph…95 km/h. Present movement…W or 265 degrees at 14 mph…22 km/h.

In the West Pacific:

Tropical storm 29w (Tokage), located approximately 194 nm south of Manila, Philippines, is tracking westward at 10 knots.

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Global Warming

Arctic Alarm

Temperatures around the North Pole were up to 36 degrees Fahrenheit above normal during November, alarming researchers who say the warmth could lead to even more record lows of Arctic sea ice next year.

“These temperatures are literally off the charts for where they should be at this time of year,” said Rutgers University researcher Jennifer Francis. “It is pretty shocking.”

Temperatures rose sharply this month despite the lack of sunlight experienced at the beginning of the five months of the Arctic winter night.

This was accompanied by Arctic sea ice being at its lowest coverage ever recorded during November.


Global Temperature Extremes

The week’s hottest temperature was 108.0 degrees Fahrenheit (42.2 degrees Celsius) in Twee Riviere, South Africa.

The week’s coldest temperature was minus 52.0 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 46.6 degrees Celsius) in Topolinoye, Siberia.

Temperatures were tabulated from the more than 10,000 worldwide synoptic weather stations. The United Nations World Meteorological Organization sets the standards for weather observations, and provides a global telecommunications circuit for data distribution.


Wildfires – Peru

Wildfires have torn through more than 22,000 hectares (54,363 acres) of forest, protected areas and farmland in drought-stricken parts of Peru as the Andean country suffers one of its driest periods in years, authorities said on Thursday.

The spate of wildfires in the past week were likely started by accident after peasant farmers burned fields to prepare them for planting.

Strong winds fanned the flames that quickly crossed the Andean regions of Cajamarca and Lambayeque in northern Peru, which are experiencing prolonged droughts, Ortega said.

Fires have been contained in five nature reserves, including the Laquipampa Wildlife Refuge that is home to the protected spectacled bear, the inspiration for the Paddington Bear character in English children’s literature.

In September, wildfires along the Ene River in a southern Amazonian region destroyed some 20,000 hectares (49,421 acres) of rainforest.


Rift Valley Fever in Niger

On 30 August, the Ministry of Health in Niger notified WHO of unexplained deaths among humans, along with deaths in livestock in the Tahoua region of Niger. On 23 September, human and animal specimens were tested at the Institut Pasteur de Dakar (IPD) and were reported positive for Rift Valley Fever (RVF) virus by PCR and for specific IgM antibodies confirming the first outbreak of RVF in Niger. Initially the outbreak was centered in the north west of the country in areas bordering Mali, in particular around Tassara and Tchintabaraden in the Tahoua Region, however suspected cases of RVF have recently been identified in new areas to the north and south of Tchintabaraden.

Dengue Fever in Burkino Faso

Dengue fever has killed at least 18 people in Burkina Faso since August in the worst recorded outbreak of the disease to hit the West African nation, an aid agency said on Thursday. The mosquito-borne virus – which causes flu-like symptoms and can develop into the deadly hemorrhagic dengue fever – has infected nearly 2,000 people, mainly in central Burkina Faso.


Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity – Ongoing activity for the week of 16 November-22 November 2016

Dukono | Halmahera (Indonesia) : Based on analyses of satellite imagery and model data, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 16 and 18-22 November ash plumes from Dukono rose to altitudes of 2.1-3 km (7,000-10,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted in multiple directions.

Fuego | Guatemala : INSIVUMEH reported that during 16-17 and 19 November explosions at Fuego generated ash plumes that rose 650-950 m above the crater rim and drifted 12 km W, SW, and S. Incandescent material was ejected as high as 200 m causing minor avalanches confined to the crater. The 15th Strombolian episode in 2016 began on 20 November. Lava fountains rose as high as 300 m and fed three lava flows which traveled 1 km S down the Trinidad drainage, 2 km SSW down the Ceniza drainage, and 2.5 km SE down the Las Lajas drainage. Explosions generated ash plumes that rose as high as 1.3 km and drifted 15 km S and SW. Ashfall was reported in areas downwind including Morelia (9 km SW), Santa Sofía (12 km SW), and Panimaché I and II (8 km SW). Lava fountains continued to rise 300 m above the crater rim on 21 November and avalanches of material descended the Santa Teresa (W) and Taniluyá (SW) drainages. Ash plumes rose 1.3 km and drifted 20 km S, SW, and W, causing ashfall again in Morelia, Santa Sofía, and Panimaché I and II. INSIVUMEH noted that on 22 November the Strombolian eruptive phase had ended. Ash plumes continued to be generated, rising as high as 1.8 km and drifting more than 10 km S and SW.

Kilauea | Hawaiian Islands (USA) : During 16-22 November HVO reported that the lava lake continued to rise and fall, circulate, and spatter in Kilauea’s Overlook vent; the lake level rose as high as 7.5 m below the Halema’uma’u floor. Webcams recorded incandescence from long-active sources within Pu’u ‘O’o Crater. The 61G lava flow, originating from a vent on Pu’u ‘O’o Crater’s E flank, continued to enter the ocean near Kamokuna at the easternmost lava delta.

Klyuchevskoy | Central Kamchatka (Russia) : KVERT reported that on 17 November an ash plume from Klyuchevskoy visible in satellite images rose to an altitude of 5 km (16,400 ft) a.s.l. and drifted almost 60 km WNW. The Aviation Color Code remained at Yellow.

Nevado del Ruiz | Colombia : Based on information from the Bogota MWO, the Washington VAAC reported on 16 November an ash plume from Nevado del Ruiz rose to an altitude of 6.7 km (22,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NE. Weather clouds prevented satellite views.

Nevados de Chillan | Chile : The Buenos Aires VAAC reported that on 18 November an ash puff from Nevados de Chillán was recorded by the webcam. SERNAGEOMIN reported that two explosions, detected at 0536 on 18 November, generated a plume that rose 1.2 km above the crater rim.