Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.7 Earthquake hits the Dodecanese Islands – Turkish border region.

At least two tourists have been killed and around 200 others injured after a powerful earthquake shook the Greek Islands and Turkish coast, triggering a small tsunami.

The 6.7-magnitude quake struck in the Aegean Sea on Thursday night south of the Turkish city of Bodrum and east of the small Greek island of Kos – both areas popular with British holidaymakers.

The earthquake triggered a small tsunami that caused flooding in Bodrum and parts of Kos, which took the brunt of the impact with significant damage to buildings.

Tens of thousands of tourists spent the night outdoors on Kos, many sleeping on sunbeds along beaches and in squares.

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5.7 Earthquake hits the Pacific-Antarctic ridge.

5.5 Earthquakehits Vanuatu.

5.2 Earthquake hits the Komandorskiye Ostrova region, Russia.

5.2 Earthquake hits the Mariana Islands.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Dodecanese Islands – Turkish border region.

5.0 Earthquake hits off the west coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia.

5.0 Earthquake hits New Guinea, Papua New Guinea.

Yellowstone Earthquake Swarm Continues

Researchers have now recorded more than 1,200 earthquakes at Yellowstone National Park, part of an ongoing earthquake swarm now in its sixth week.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

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In the Central Pacific: Tropical Storm Fernanda is located about 825 mi…1330 km E of Hilo Hawaii and about 1020 mi…1640 km E of Honolulu Hawaii with maximum sustained winds…50 mph…85 km/h. Present movement…W or 280 degrees at 12 mph…19 km/h.

In the Eastern Pacific: Tropical Storm Greg is located about 800 mi…1285 km SW of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…50 mph…85 km/h. Present movement…W or 280 degrees at 10 mph…17 km/h.

Post Tropical Depression Eight-E is dissipating. The final warning has been issued for this system.

In the Western Pacific: Tropical depression 07w (Noru), located approximately 257 nm north-northeast of Minami Tori Shima, is tracking westward at 10 knots.

Tropical storm 09w (Kulap), located approximately 723 nm northeast of Wake Island, is tracking northward at 10 knots.

Tropical depression 08w (Eight), located approximately 271 nm south of Hong Kong, is tracking west-northwestward at 11 knots.

NewsBytes:

Lancashire, England – Flash floods have hit several homes and businesses in parts of Lancashire. Torrential downpours affected properties in Blackpool, Lancaster and Carnforth on Wednesday night, leaving some homes swamped in up to six inches of water. Firefighters attended several properties to pump out water or isolate electrics. There were no reports of any injuries.

Environment

Global Temperature Extremes

The week’s hottest temperature was 124.0 degrees Fahrenheit (51.1 degrees Celsius) in Death Valley, California.

The week’s coldest temperature was minus 100.0 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 73.3 degrees Celsius) at Vostok, Antarctica.

Temperatures were tabulated from the more than 10,000 worldwide synoptic weather stations. The United Nations World Meteorological Organization sets the standards for weather observations, and provides a global telecommunications circuit for data distribution.

Wildlife

Ocean Sanctuary

About 735,000 square miles of the Pacific Ocean have been declared one of the world’s largest marine sanctuaries as the Cook Islands moves to help protect its territorial waters for future generations.

The island nation has a population of only about 10,000, living on 15 islands. But its position between New Zealand and Hawaii with no nearby neighbors means it controls a huge maritime territory.

The move to establish the marine reserve, known as Marae Moana, was approved by the country’s traditional leaders.

Wildfires

Wildfires – California

Wildfires across California have now forced the evacuation of 5,000 people as the blaze threatens 1,500 homes across the state’s historic Gold Rush region.

A blaze burning in foothills west of Yosemite National Park destroyed dozens of structures and forced thousands to flee Gold Rush-era towns but fire crews have been able to stop it from reaching a threatened community on the foothills of the Sierra Nevada.

The fire was threatening about 1,500 homes and other buildings, after already destroying 29 structures.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity – Ongoing Activity for the week of 12 July – 18 July 2017

Bagana | Bougainville (Papua New Guinea) : Based on analyses of satellite imagery and model data, the Darwin VAAC reported that on 16 July an ash plume from Bagana drifted W at an altitude of 2.1 km (7,000 ft) a.s.l.

Bezymianny | Central Kamchatka (Russia) : KVERT reported that a thermal anomaly was identified over Bezymianny daily in satellite images. A lava flow continued to flow down the W flank of the dome. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-colour scale).

Cleveland | Chuginadak Island (USA) : AVO reported that during 12-18 July no significant activity at Cleveland was observed in cloudy or mostly cloudy satellite and web camera images; some minor steaming was noted. Moderately elevated surface temperatures were identified in satellite images on 14 July. Aviation colour Code remained at Orange and the Volcano Alert Level remained at Watch.

Copahue | Central Chile-Argentina border : Based on webcam and satellite images the Buenos Aires VAAC reported that during 16-17 July steam-and-ash plumes rose from Copahue to altitudes of 3-3.4 km (10,000-11,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted N and NW.

Dukono | Halmahera (Indonesia) : Based on analyses of satellite imagery, wind model data, and notices from PVMBG, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 12-15 July ash plumes from Dukono rose to an altitude of 2.1 km (7,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted W, NW, and S. Ash plumes on 17 July rose 1.5 km (5,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted E.

Ebeko | Paramushir Island (Russia) : Based on observations by residents of Severo-Kurilsk (Paramushir Island), about 7 km E of Ebeko, explosions during 7-8 July generated ash plumes that rose as high as 1.5 km (4,900 ft) a.s.l. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-colour scale).

Karymsky | Eastern Kamchatka (Russia) : KVERT reported that a weak thermal anomaly over Karymsky was identified in satellite images during 7 and 11-12 July. Ash plumes drifted 170 km SW and SE on 10 and 11 July, respectively. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-colour scale).

Kilauea | Hawaiian Islands (USA) : During 12-18 July HVO reported that the lava lake continued to rise, fall, and spatter in Kilauea’s Overlook crater. Webcams recorded incandescence from long-active sources within Pu’u ‘O’o Crater, from a vent high on the NE flank of the cone, and from a small lava pond (which had many small spattering sites along the margin) in a pit on the W side of the crater. The 61G lava flow, originating from a vent on Pu’u ‘O’o Crater’s E flank, continued to enter the ocean at Kamokuna. Several large cracks running parallel to the coastline spanned the width of the delta; several small collapses at the leading edge of the delta were noted on 11 July. Surface lava flows were active above and on the pali, and on the coastal plain within 1 km of the base of the pali.

Klyuchevskoy | Central Kamchatka (Russia) : KVERT reported that during 8 and 12-13 July explosions at Klyuchevskoy generated ash plumes that rose as high as 5 km (16,400 ft) a.s.l. and drifted about 50 km SE. A weak thermal anomaly was identified in satellite images during 10-12 July. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-colour scale).

Poas | Costa Rica : OVSICORI-UNA reported that during 12-17July gas plumes that rose as high as 1 km above Poás’s vents A (Boca Roja) and B (Boca Azufrada) drifted SW and NW.

Sabancaya | Peru : Observatorio Vulcanológico del Sur del IGP (OVS-IGP) and Observatorio Vulcanológico del INGEMMET (OVI) reported that explosive activity at Sabancaya increased compared to the previous week; there was an average of 19 explosions recorded per day during 10-16 July. Gas-and-ash plumes rose 3.5 km above the crater rim and drifted more than 40 km NW and E. Sulfur dioxide flux was as high as 2,959 tons per day, recorded on 16 July. The MIROVA system detected six thermal anomalies. An explosion at 0931 on 19 July generated an ash plume that rose 4 km above the crater rim and drifted N.

Sheveluch | Central Kamchatka (Russia) : KVERT reported that a thermal anomaly was identified daily in satellite images over Sheveluch during 7-11 July; cloud cover prevented views during 12-14 July. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-colour scale).

Sinabung | Indonesia : Based on PVMBG observations, satellite and webcam images, and wind data, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 14-15 July ash plumes from Sinabung rose 3.3-4.9 km (11,000-16,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted E, ESE, SE, and W.

Turrialba | Costa Rica : OVSICORI-UNA reported eruptive events at Turrialba daily during 12-17 July. Gas and ash plumes rose 200-500 m above the vent and generally drifted NW, W, and SW. There were multiple events on 15 July, causing ashfall in Sabanilla de Montes de Oca (30 km WSW), Ipis (27 km SW), El Carmen de Guadalupe, Purral (26 km WSW), Guadalupe (32 km WSW), and Tibás (35 km WSW). A sulfur dioxide odor was also reported that day, in San José (36 km WSW), Tibas (35 km WSW), Guadalupe, Escazú (42 km WSW), and Puriscal (65 km WSW).