Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.2 earthquake hits near the east coast of Kamchatka.

5.5 earthquake hits near the east coast of Kamchatka.

5.2 earthquake hits the island of Hawaii, Hawaii.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

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In the Atlantic Ocean: Hurricane Beryl (formerly Tropical Depression 2) is located about 1140 mi…1830 km ese of the Lesser Antilles with maximum sustained winds…75 mph…120 km/h. Present movement…w or 275 degrees at 14 mph…22 km/h

Invest 96L is an area of disturbed weather in the Atlantic Ocean that has the potential for further tropical development.

In the eastern Pacific Ocean: Tropical Storm Fabio is located about 1225 mi…1970 km w of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…40 mph…65 km/h. Present movement…wnw or 295 degrees at 14 mph…22 km/h.

In the western Pacific Ocean: Super Typhoon 10w (Maria), located approximately 254 nm northwest of Andersen AFB, Guam, is tracking northwestward at 06 knots.

NewsBytes:

Kent, England – Thunderstorms have triggered flash floods in Kent with streets submerged and railway tracks under water sparking chaos in Tunbridge Wells with soaking wet residents forced to wade through knee-high water.

Pittsburgh, USA – Flooding has caused damage across the Pittsburgh area after another round of storms. An estimated 10,000 Pittsburgh homes remained without power Thursday after two days of flooding. The rain, which brought down trees and took down power lines, is expected to delay a full restoration of the power system until at least Friday morning.

Wildlife

‘Drunken’ Kangaroos

Veterinarians in Australia believe they know why an increasing number of eastern gray kangaroos have been observed staggering as if drunk and dying across Victoria’s rural landscape.

The experts from the University of Melbourne say the animals could be suffering from the effects of eating new shoots of phalaris grasses, also known as canary grass.

The imported strain has been popular with some farmers even though it can cause similar symptoms in livestock, especially sheep.

Vets say that since there is no cure, the kindest thing to do is to euthanize the suffering marsupials. One of the affected roos can be seen bounding almost uncontrollably across a field.

EWCOLOR

Poachers Tried to Kill Rhinos in South African Reserve. Instead, a Pride of Lions Killed Them.

A pride of hungry lions in a South African reserve just saved the day, at least for a herd of rhinos. The poachers, who had illegally entered that reserve with a gun and axe to kill those rhinos, were not so lucky.

The big cats mauled and killed at least two — possibly three — poachers, leaving behind just their bloodied and partly-eaten body parts, according to news reports.

The illegal entrance and subsequent mauling attack happened at the Sibuya Game Reserve sometime between Sunday night (July 1) and Monday morning (July 2), according to a statement by the reserve.

Environment

Deforestation

Forests covering an area roughly the size of the Philippines were cut down or burned to make way for farms from the Amazon Basin to the heart of Africa during 2017, according to an independent forest-monitoring organization.

Global Forest Watch said tropical forests were felled at a rate equivalent to 40 soccer fields per minute last year. The greatest tree losses occurred in Brazil, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Indonesia, Madagascar and Malaysia.

Norway’s environment minister described the losses to Reuters as “catastrophic” and a threat to efforts to slow global warming.

Trees soak up the greenhouse gas CO2 from the atmosphere as they grow, but release it back into the air when they burn or decay.

Environment

Global Temperature Extremes

The week’s hottest temperature was 121 degrees Fahrenheit (49.4 degrees Celsius) in Oargla, Algeria.

The week’s coldest temperature was minus 101.0 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 73.9 degrees Celsius) at Vostok, Antarctica.

Temperatures were tabulated from the more than 10,000 worldwide synoptic weather stations. The United Nations World Meteorological Organization sets the standards for weather observations, and provides a global telecommunications circuit for data distribution.

Wildfires

Wildfires – California, USA

In Northern California, the County Fire has burned about 134 square miles and is 27 percent contained in Napa and Yolo Counties. The blaze threatens 1,500 structures, but none has been destroyed or damaged. Roughly 2,500 people have been forced from their homes since the blaze started Saturday. This week in the Bay Area, about 75 miles south of the fires, falling ash was reported, and the San Francisco sky turned orange from the smoke.

Wildfires – Colorado, USA

Huge wildfires roared across the bone-dry western USA on Thursday, including Colorado’s Spring Creek Fire, the state’s third-largest on record. That fire has destroyed 100 homes and forced the evacuations of 2,000 other homes. The blaze is near Fort Garland, roughly 205 miles southwest of Denver. Nearly 1,000 firefighters worked to gain control of the fire in unpredictable winds, but it’s been only slightly contained since it ignited June 27. As of Thursday morning, the fire was 161 square miles, roughly seven times the size of Manhattan.

A 300-foot-high tsunami of wildfire swept over a subdivision overnight turning an untold number of homes into cinders and making unprecedented acreage gains in the middle of the night when wildfires are normally docile, authorities say, raising home toll to 251.

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Disease

Typhoid – Pakistan

The CDC issued a travel notice July 4, alerting individuals of an active outbreak of a drug-resistant typhoid fever in Pakistan. The U.K. reported three typhoid cases and the U.S. reported two cases linked to travelers returning from Pakistan in 2018.

Public health authorities in Pakistan are in the process of identifying typhoid fever cases, launching vaccination campaigns and introducing educational messaging about proper handwashing techniques and safe food and water practices.

African Swine Fever – Malawi

The Malawian government says at least 108 pigs have died following an outbreak of African Swine Fever (ASF) in the Nkhata Bay local government area. District Agriculture Development officials say that the department has since banned the slaughter of pigs and sale of pork and products until the outbreak has been brought under control.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity – Ongoing Activity for the week of 27 June – 3 July 2018

Aira | Kyushu (Japan) : JMA reported that on 29 June a very small eruption occurred at Minamidake crater (at Aira Caldera’s Sakurajima volcano). An explosion at 2319 on 1 July produced an ash plume that rose 400 m above the crater rim and ejected material 500 m away. Crater incandescence was visible at night on 2 July. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a 5-level scale).

Ambae | Vanuatu : The Vanuatu Meteorology and Geo-hazards Department reported that an ash plume from a cone in Ambae’s Lake Voui was visible on 1 July. The report warned residents that ashfall was expected in areas to the NW and W. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 0-5), and the report reminded residents to stay at least 2 km away from the active crater.

Bezymianny | Central Kamchatka (Russia) : KVERT reported that a thermal anomaly over Bezymianny was identified in satellite images during 22-29 June. The Aviation colour Code remained at Yellow.

Cleveland | Chuginadak Island (USA) : AVO reported that unrest at Cleveland continued during 27 June-3 July, though nothing significant was detected in seismic or infrasound data. Elevated surface temperatures were identified in satellite images during 29 June-2 July; the thermal anomaly extended SW downslope in the crater consistent with a lava flow. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange and the Volcano Alert Level remained at Watch.

Dukono | Halmahera (Indonesia) : Based on PVMBG observations and satellite data, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 27 June-3 July ash plumes from Dukono rose to altitudes of 1.8-2.1 km (6,000-7,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NW and W.

Ebeko | Paramushir Island (Russia) : Volcanologists in Severo-Kurilsk (Paramushir Island), about 7 km E of Ebeko, observed explosions during 26-27 June that sent ash plumes as high as 3 km (10,000 ft) a.s.l. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-colour scale).

Fuego | Guatemala : INSIVUMEH and CONRED reported that 2-7 weak explosions per hour at Fuego generated ash plumes that rose as high as 650 m above the crater rim and drifted W and SW during 27-29 June and 1-3 July. Ashfall was reported on 27 June in areas downwind including Sangre de Cristo and Yepocapa. Avalanches of material descended the S, SW, and W flanks (Santa Teresa, Las Lajas, El Jute, and Cenizas drainages). According to CONRED, as of 3 July, the number of people confirmed to have died due to the 3 June pyroclastic flows was 113, and 197 remained missing. In addition, 12,823 remained evacuated.

Kilauea | Hawaiian Islands (USA) : HVO reported that the eruption at Kilauea’s Lower East Rift Zone (LERZ) and at Halema`uma`u Crater continued during 27 June-3 July. Lava fountaining and spatter was concentrated at Fissure 8, feeding lava flows that spread through Leilani Estates and Lanipuna Gardens subdivisions, and built out the coastline where the fast-moving flow entered the ocean in the area of the former Kapoho Bay. Fissure 22 produced a few short lava flows during 30 June-3 July.

Inward slumping of the crater rim and walls of Halema`uma`u continued, adjusting from the withdrawal of magma and subsidence of the summit area. Steam plumes rose from areas in the crater as well as from circumferential cracks adjacent to the crater. Explosions from collapse events occurred almost daily, producing gas-and-ash-poor plumes that rose less than 1.5 km (5,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted SW.

Fountaining at Fissure 8 continued; lava fountains rarely rose higher than the 55-m-high spatter cone. Pele’s hair and other volcanic glass from the fountaining fell within Leilani Estates. The fountains continued to feed the fast-moving lava flow that traveled NE, and then SE around Kapoho Crater, and into the ocean. Occasional overflows sent small flows down the sides of the channel. Lava entered the ocean on the S side of the flow front mainly through an open channel, but also along a 1-km-long area marked with billowing laze plumes. A thermal map showed that on 29 June the lava channel had crusted over about 0.8 km inland from the ocean entry, with lava moving beneath the crust.

Kirishimayama | Kyushu (Japan) : JMA reported that at Shinmoedake (Shinmoe peak), a stratovolcano of the Kirishimayama volcano group, an event at 1534 on 27 June generated a plume that rose 2.2 km above the crater rim. The report stated that since the beginning of May the rate of deformation had slowed, and tiltmeter data showed no change. In addition, sulfur dioxide emissions had decreased from 1,000 tons/day on mid-March to 80 tons/day on 1 June. On 28 June the Alert Level was lowered to 2 (on a scale of 1-5).

Klyuchevskoy | Central Kamchatka (Russia) : On 29 June KVERT reported that activity at Klyuchevskoy had decreased, with the last ash plume visible on 15 June. Gas-and-steam emissions continued. The Aviation colour Code was lowered to Yellow (the second lowest level on a four-colour scale).

Mayon | Luzon (Philippines) : PHIVOLCS reported that white steam plumes from Mayon rose 750 m above the crater rim on 30 June and drifted NE, N, NW, and SW. On 1 July white plumes drifted down the flanks. A short-lived event at 1234 produced a gray gas plume. Crater incandescence was visible at night. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a 0-5 scale) and PHIVOLCS reminded residents to stay away from the 6-km-radius Permanent Danger Zone and the 7-km Extended Danger Zone on the SSW and ENE flanks.

Pacaya | Guatemala : INSIVUMEH reported that during 28-29 June and 1-3 July Strombolian explosions at Pacaya’s Mackenney Crater ejected material as high as 30 m above the crater rim. White gas plumes drifted S.

Reventador | Ecuador : IG stated that an explosion at Reventador was detected at 1116 on 2 July, producing an ash plume that was reported by the Washington VAAC to have risen 3 km above the crater rim. Ashfall was reported in the Cayambe (57 km WNW) and in the town of Juan Montalvo.

Sabancaya | Peru : Observatorio Vulcanológico del Sur del IGP (OVS-IGP) and Observatorio Vulcanológico del INGEMMET (OVI) reported that explosions at Sabancaya averaged 24 per day during 25 June-1 July. Hybrid earthquakes were infrequent and low magnitude. Gas-and-ash plumes rose as high as 2.5 km above the crater rim and drifted 30 km S, SE, and E. The MIROVA system detected six thermal anomalies, and on 21 June the sulfur dioxide gas flux was high at 3,000 tons/day. The report noted that the public should not approach the crater within a 12-km radius.

Sheveluch | Central Kamchatka (Russia) : KVERT reported that a weak thermal anomaly over Sheveluch was identified in satellite images during 23-29 June. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-colour scale).