Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.2 earthquake hits Vanuatu.

5.3 earthquake hits the island of Hawaii, Hawaii.

5.2 earthquake hits Tonga.

5.2 earthquake hits Tajikistan.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the Atlantic Ocean: Post- Tropical Cyclone Chris is located about 290 mi…470 km e of Halifax Nova Scotia and about 275 mi…440 km sw of Cape Race Newfoundland with maximum sustained winds…70 mph…110 km/h. Present movement…ne or 45 degrees at 36 mph…57 km/h..

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Wildlife

New Stone Age

A small group of wild monkeys on a Panamanian island appears to have entered into its own version of the stone age, scientists say.

While only a handful of the many white-faced capuchin monkeys that live on Jicarón have displayed the ability to use stones to crack open nuts and shellfish, they join only three other groups of nonhuman primates that have used stones for tools.

Other species that appear to have learned the practice by chance include chimpanzees in West Africa, macaques in Thailand and other species of capuchins in South America.

Until a few decades ago, it was believed humans were the only species to turn stones into tools.

Party Crasher

The rare sight of a southern right whale frolicking in New Zealand’s Wellington Harbor forced officials to postpone the city’s annual fireworks display. The untimely arrival of the marine mammal coincided with the Maori new year celebration known as Matariki.

Concerns from experts that the flashes and sounds of the pyrotechnics could cause the whale to harm itself or the boats in the harbor loaded with people wanting to enjoy the festivities, prompted the event to be postponed for a week.

New Bat Species

Two species of lemon-yellow bats were recently discovered in Kenya.

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Global Warming

Global Warming Is Destroying Our Best-Preserved Archaeological Sites

The Arctic is like a time capsule. What dies there can be preserved, like a snapshot of our past, literally frozen in time.

Some of the greatest insights we’ve gotten into life, thousands of years ago, have come from the coldest places on earth. We’ve made incredible breakthroughs into the past through discoveries like the body of Ötzi the Iceman , the Stone Age man whose body froze 5,300 years ago.

Discovering of the body of otzi the Iceman

Today, though, these archaeological sites are starting to fall apart. The 180,000 archaeological sites across Greenland, Siberia, Alaska, and Northern Canada are being torn apart by the steady rise of global warming, and archaeologists are worried that, if we don’t preserve these sites soon, they’ll be lost forever.

Environment

Global Temperature Extremes

The week’s hottest temperature was 124.0 degrees Fahrenheit (51.1 degrees Celsius) in Ouargla, Algeria.

The week’s coldest temperature was minus 112.0 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 80.0 degrees Celsius) at Vostok, Antarctica.

Temperatures were tabulated from the more than 10,000 worldwide synoptic weather stations. The United Nations World Meteorological Organization sets the standards for weather observations, and provides a global telecommunications circuit for data distribution.

Wildfires

Wildfires – Sweden

Sweden’s heatwave shows no sign of ending, but there is a risk of forest fires in almost all of the country, and the drought is a problem for farmers. National weather agency SMHI currently has wildfire warnings in place in all of Sweden apart from in the mountains in the north-west. More than 2,000 calls came in to emergency services during the month of June alone about wildfires and the public is urged to respect any barbecue bans in place in their local area.

Wildfires – Siberia

Smoke created from massive wildfires more than 4,000 miles away in Siberia reached New England this week. The wildfires were burning in eastern Siberia and have lofted massive amounts of smoke high into the atmosphere. Strong winds aloft in the polar jet stream carried some of the smoke from the fires across the Bering Strait and into northern Alaska, then southeastward into central Canada and eventually across the Great Lakes and eastward into southern New England.

Disease

Cancer – Nigeria

Nigeria faces a huge cancer problem with an estimated 72,000 out of the 102,000 cases confirmed annually dying due to the lack of adequate treatment facilities. The principal causes of cancer remain smoking and alcohol consumption.

Tick-borne Disease – Zimbabwe

The Zimbabwean government says farmers have lost more than 3 000 cattle to a wave of tick-borne diseases recorded around the country between November 2017 and May 2018. Department of Veterinary Services (DVS) said farmers lost cattle to theileriosis, (also known as January disease), babesiosis, heartwater and anaplasmosis.

Legionnaires Disease – New York, USA

New York City health officials are investigating a cluster of Legionnaires’ disease cases in one Manhattan neighborhood. The city Health Department said Wednesday that eleven people have been diagnosed with Legionnaires’ in the lower Washington Heights area in the last week. No deaths have been reported.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity – New Activity for the week of 4 July – 10 July 2018

Agung | Bali (Indonesia) : PVMBG reported that the eruption at Agung continued during 4-10 July. Sulfur dioxide flux was 1,400-2,400 tons/day on 3 July and 400-1,500 tons/day on 4 July. Satellite data acquired on 4 July indicated continuing lava effusion in the crater, with 4-5 million cubic meters effused in the past week. At 1220 an ash plume rose 2.5 km above the crater rim and drifted W. An event was detected at 2216, though an ash plume was not visible possibly due to poor viewing conditions. At 0047 on 5 July an ash plume rose at least 1 km and drifted W, and an event at 1633 produced an ash plume that rose 2.8 km and drifted E and W. A small event was detected on 6 July. According to BNPB a third Strombolian event occurred at 0522 on 8 July, generating an ash plume that rose 2 km. They noted that 4,415 evacuees were housed in 54 evacuation centers. An ash plume rose from the crater at 1120 on 9 July and drifted W. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a scale of 1-4) and the exclusion zone was stable at a 4-km radius.

Ambae | Vanuatu : The Vanuatu Meteorology and Geo-hazards Department reported that the recent eruption at Ambae’s Lake Voui was characterized by three phases of activity: Phase 1, September to late November 2017; Phase 2, late December 2017 to early February 2018; and Phase 3, February to April 2018. A fourth phase, which began on 20 June, consists of gas-and-steam emissions sometimes with ash; an ash plume on 1 July caused ashfall on the NW and W parts of the island and also on the NE part of Santo Island. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 0-5), and the report reminded residents to stay at least 2 km away from the active crater.

Ibu | Halmahera (Indonesia) : Based on satellite images and PVMBG (a ground observer) notices, the Darwin VAAC reported that on 6 July an ash plume from Ibu rose to 2.1 km (7,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted N. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4), and the public was warned to stay at least 2 km away from the active crater, and 3.5 km away on the N side.

Karangetang | Siau Island (Indonesia) : Based on analyses of satellite imagery and model data, the Darwin VAAC reported that on 4 July a diffuse ash plume from Karangetang rose to an altitude of 3 km (10,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted ENE. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4).

Krakatau | Indonesia : PVMBG reported that during 4-5 July there were four ash-producing events at Anak Krakatau, each lasting between 30 and 41 seconds. Inclement weather conditions prevented an estimation of the ash-plume height from the event at 0522 on 4 July; ash plumes from events at 1409, 1425, and 1651 on 5 July rose 300-500 m above the crater rim and drifted N and NW. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4); residents and visitors were warned not to approach the volcano within 1 km of the crater.

Saunders | South Sandwich Islands (UK) : Satellite data acquired during 1 January-9 July periodically (a few times a month) showed volcanic plumes originating from Michael on Saunders Island. A thermal anomaly was last detected on 3 April 2018.

Sierra Negra | Isla Isabela (Ecuador) : IG reported that a new magmatic intrusion at Sierra Negra was heralded by a M 5.2 earthquake recorded at 1830 on 4 July, and followed by 68 events between M 1.1 and 3.9. Seismic tremor began to be recorded at 1700 on 7 July by a station on the NE edge of the caldera. At the same time satellite data showed an increase in the intensity of the thermal anomaly on NW flank (it had decreased the previous day). Parque Nacional Galápagos staff confirmed strong incandescence in an area near the beach. A weak plume of water vapor and ash rose as high as 3.3 km (10,800 ft) a.s.l. and drifted SW and W. Tremor continued to be registered on 8 July, though the amplitude gradually decreased. Vapor-and-ash plumes reported by the Washington VAAC rose about 2 km (6,600 ft) a.s.l. and drifted SW, and the thermal anomaly remained intense. Gas clouds drifted 115 km W. The current eruption at Sierra Negra began on 26 June and, according to news articles, prompted tourist restrictions and the evacuation of 50 residents.