Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.4 earthquake hits the Lombok region, Indonesia.

6.0 earthquake hits the Flores Sea.

5.6 earthquake hits the Kermedec Islands, New Zealand.

5.5 earthquake hits the Lombok region, Indonesia.

5.3 earthquake hits the island of Hawaii, Hawaii.

5.2 earthquake hits the Lombok region, Indonesia.

5.1 earthquake hits New Britain, Papua and New Guinea.

5.0 earthquake hits the Kuril Islands.

5.0 earthquake hits Kepulauan Tanimbar, Indonesia.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

In the Western Pacific Ocean: Tropical Storm (td) 15w (Jongdari), located approximately 27 nm southwest of Iwakuni, Japan, is tracking west-southwestward at 15 knots.

In the Eastern Pacific Ocean: Tropical Depression Gilma is located about 1215 mi…1955 km e of Hilo Hawaii with maximum sustained winds…35 mph…55 km/h. Present movement…w or 280 degrees at 15 mph…24 km/h.

Invest 93E is an area of disturbed weather in the eastern Pacific that has the potential for further tropical development.

NewsBytes:

India – As many as 537 people have lost their lives in floods and rains in six states during the monsoon season so far. According to the Home Ministry’s National Emergency Response Centre (NERC), 139 people have died in Maharashtra, 126 in Kerala, 116 in West Bengal, 70 in Uttar Pradesh, 52 in Gujarat and 34 in Assam due to the floods and rains. The deluge and rains have hit 26 districts in Maharashtra, 22 in West Bengal, 21 in Assam, 14 in Kerala, 10 in Gujarat and a large part of Uttar Pradesh so far. In Assam, 10.17 lakh people have borne the brunt of rains and floods, of which 2.17 lakh are living in relief camps. 

Japan – Typhoon Jongdari made landfall east of Kyoto, Japan, just after midnight local time on Sunday, coming ashore as the latest in a long string of weather-related disasters to plague the Japanese archipelago. The weather has not been kind to Japan this month. The typhoon’s landfall comes after weeks of intense rainfall, widespread flooding, and a deadly heatwave. Jongdari came ashore in Ise Bay with maximum sustained winds near 80 MPH. The typhoon will weaken as it traverses the island nation over the next day. While the storm is rather tiny in size, some areas affected by the historic floods that struck western Japan earlier this month could see even more heavy rain from this storm. Uda, east of Osaka, recorded 4.33 inches of rain in just one hour as Jongdari made landfall on Sunday. One man is missing after several cars were washed into the ocean by high waves near Tokyo as the typhoon approached on Saturday.

Global Warming

CO2 Emissions Play Havoc with Ocean Life

The devastating impact of global warming on ocean life has been laid bare in a shocking new scientific report.

Coral reefs across the globe are being killed off by a combination of increasing temperatures and ocean acidification caused by rising carbon dioxide (CO2) levels.

Researchers found blooms of algae are blanketing the seabed in areas of high CO2 concentration, choking corals and lowering marine diversity.

If CO2 levels continue to rise at their current rate, the consequences will be ‘catastrophic’, scientists have warned.

Teams of British, Italian and Japanese researchers, including from the University of Plymouth, found a worrying lack of corals in areas of the Pacific where CO2 levels met present-day averages.

In contrast, marine areas with pre-industrial levels of CO2 flourished with corals and other species and sea-life.

Experts discovered the stark contrast by analysing volcanic CO2 seeps off Shikine Island, in Japan, where ocean currents cause CO2 levels to mimic those before the industrial revolution.

In areas with pre-Industrial levels of CO2 the coast has an impressive amount of calcified organisms such as corals and oysters.

But in areas with present-day average levels of surface seawater CO2 they found far fewer corals and other calcified life, and so there was less biodiversity.

It shows the extensive damage caused by humans due to CO2 emissions over the past 300 years and unless we can get a grip on reducing CO2 emissions we will undoubtedly see major degradation of coastal systems worldwide.

Proliferation of algae in areas with high CO2:

4E9D238700000578 5998635 If CO2 levels continue to rise the consequences will be catastro m 2 1532681724362

Disease

Hepatitis A – West Virginia, USA

In a follow-up on the hepatitis A outbreak that began in March in West Virginia, health officials now put the outbreak total at 699 cases, up some 160 cases in two weeks. 20 West Virginia counties have been affected.