Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.7 earthquake hits the Greenland Sea.

5.6 earthquake hits off the east coast of Honshu, Japan.

5.5 earthquake hit northern Colombia.

5.3 earthquake hits Fiji.

5.0 earthquake hits south of Java, Indonesia.

5.0 earthquake hits the Mariana Islands.

5.0 earthquake hits Java, Indonesia.

5.0 earthquake hits Mindanao in the Philippines.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

In the Atlantic Ocean: Tropical Storm Debby is located about 1175 mi…1890 km wnw of the Azores with maximum sustained winds…45 mph…75 km/h. Present movement…nne or 15 degrees at 9 mph…15 km/h.

In the Western Pacific Ocean: Typhoon (ts) 17w (Shanshan), located approximately 120 nm southeast of Yokosuka, Japan, is tracking northwestward at 06 knots.

Tropical storm (ts) 18w (Yagi), located approximately 521 nm southeast of Kadena AFB, is tracking east-northeastward at 09 knots.

In the Eastern Pacific Ocean: Hurricane Hector is located about 290 mi…470 km se of Hilo Hawaii about 500 mi…800 km se of Honolulu Hawaii with maximum sustained winds…125 mph…205 km/h. Present movement…w or 275 degrees at 16 mph…26 km/h.

Hurricane John is located about 230 mi…365 km ssw of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…100 mph…155 km/h. Present movement…nnw or 330 degrees at 13 mph…20 km/h.

Tropical Storm Kristy is located about 1355 mi…2180 km wsw of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…45 mph…75 km/h. Present movement…wnw or 285 degrees at 8 mph…13 km/h.

NewsBytes:

Thailand – As people in Phetchaburi brace for devastating floods tonight at around 10pm, after a massive volume of water was released from a major dam to the Phetchaburi River, residents were using sandbags and even cement to wall off the front of their homes and businesses Monday so as not to be inundated.

Global Warming

Earth risks tipping into ‘hothouse’ state – study

The planet urgently needs to transition to a green economy because fossil fuel pollution risks pushing the Earth into a lasting and dangerous “hothouse” state, researchers warned.

If polar ice continues to melt, forests are slashed and greenhouse gases rise to new highs – as they currently do each year – the Earth will pass a tipping point.

Crossing that threshold “guarantees a climate 4-5°C higher than pre-industrial times, and sea levels that are 10-60m higher than today”, cautioned scientists in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. And that “could be only decades ahead”, they said.

“Hothouse Earth is likely to be uncontrollable and dangerous to many,” said the article by scientists at University of Copenhagen, Australian National University and the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research in Germany.

Rivers would flood, storms would wreak havoc on coastal communities, and coral reefs would be eliminated – all by century’s end or even earlier. Global average temperatures would exceed those of any interglacial period – meaning warmer eras that come in between Ice Ages – of the past 1.2 million years. Melting polar ice caps would lead to dramatically higher sea levels, flooding coastal land that is home to hundreds of millions of people.

Researchers suggest the tipping point could come once the Earth warms to 2°C over pre-industrial times. The planet has already warmed 1°C over pre-industrial times, and is heating up at a rate of 0.17°C per decade.

“A 2°C warming could activate important tipping elements, raising the temperature further to activate other tipping elements in a domino-like cascade that could take the Earth System to even higher temperatures,” said the report.

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Environment

Ocean temperatures hit record high off San Diego

By East Coast standards, a water temperature of 78.8 degrees isn’t all that toasty. But it was an all-time record for the Pacific Ocean near San Diego last week.

Scientists at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography have measured the ocean temperature at a pier in San Diego for 102 years – and on Friday Aug. 3, it was warmer than any other time on record.

It was yet another extreme temperature record for a planet that’s seen a slew of them this summer, from 90 degrees north of the Arctic Circle in Finland to a possible all-time record high for Africa of 124 degrees, among many others.

Wildfires

Wildfires – California, USA

California is battling its largest wildfire ever recorded, along with 15 other major ones across the state.

The Mendocino Complex Fire is actually two separate fires, both of which began burning in late July: the Ranch Fire and the River Fire. They haven’t merged yet, but they are close enough to each other that officials from the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection are counting them as one huge wildfire.

As of the morning of Aug. 7, the Mendocino Complex Fire has burned 283,800 acres (115,000 hectares) of land in northern California around Clear Lake and is only 30 percent contained. Fueled by high temperatures, low humidity and wind, the fire has destroyed nearly 170 homes and other structures.

Wildfires – Colorado, USA

Authorities have released details on the numerous wildfires still burning across western, central Colorado here.

Disease

Nipah virus – India

As of 17 July 2018, a total of 19 Nipah virus (NiV) cases, including 17 deaths, were reported from Kerala State: 18 of the cases were laboratory-confirmed and the deceased index case was suspected to have NiV but could not be tested. The outbreak was localized to two districts in Kerala State: Kozhikode and Malappuram. No new cases or deaths have been reported since 1 June 2018 and, as of 30 July, human-to-human transmission of NiV has been contained in Kerala State.

Circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 – Nigeria

On 5 June 2018, a circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) outbreak was confirmed in Sokoto State, Nigeria. From 30 January through 23 May 2018, ten environmental samples collected from two collection sites all tested positive for genetically-related VDPV2 viruses. No associated cases of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) have been detected with this cVDPV2.

Hepatitis A – Arkansas, USA

In a follow-up on the hepatitis A outbreak in northeastern Arkansas, state health officials are now reported 77 cases since February, more than double the number of cases reported in mid-June.

African swine fever, Anthrax: Romania

Romania’s veterinary authority (ANSVSA) is reporting (computer translated) some 500 outbreaks of African swine fever (ASF) over the past year.

Officials say in the SE area of Romania, the evolution of the disease is aggressive. The disease was confirmed in 84 localities in the counties of Tulcea, Constanţa, Braila, Ialomita and Galati. 11,772 domestic pigs were killed in households and 49,647 pigs were slaughtered in 3 commercial farms through Thursday.

The National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority in Bucharest, Romania has reported a confirmed anthrax case in a pig on a farm in the town of Saveni near the Moldova border. The infection killed the one pig and 13 others are considered at risk.