Nipah virus – India
As of 17 July 2018, a total of 19 Nipah virus (NiV) cases, including 17 deaths, were reported from Kerala State: 18 of the cases were laboratory-confirmed and the deceased index case was suspected to have NiV but could not be tested. The outbreak was localized to two districts in Kerala State: Kozhikode and Malappuram. No new cases or deaths have been reported since 1 June 2018 and, as of 30 July, human-to-human transmission of NiV has been contained in Kerala State.
Circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 – Nigeria
On 5 June 2018, a circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) outbreak was confirmed in Sokoto State, Nigeria. From 30 January through 23 May 2018, ten environmental samples collected from two collection sites all tested positive for genetically-related VDPV2 viruses. No associated cases of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) have been detected with this cVDPV2.
Hepatitis A – Arkansas, USA
In a follow-up on the hepatitis A outbreak in northeastern Arkansas, state health officials are now reported 77 cases since February, more than double the number of cases reported in mid-June.
African swine fever, Anthrax: Romania
Romania’s veterinary authority (ANSVSA) is reporting (computer translated) some 500 outbreaks of African swine fever (ASF) over the past year.
Officials say in the SE area of Romania, the evolution of the disease is aggressive. The disease was confirmed in 84 localities in the counties of Tulcea, Constanţa, Braila, Ialomita and Galati. 11,772 domestic pigs were killed in households and 49,647 pigs were slaughtered in 3 commercial farms through Thursday.
The National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority in Bucharest, Romania has reported a confirmed anthrax case in a pig on a farm in the town of Saveni near the Moldova border. The infection killed the one pig and 13 others are considered at risk.