Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.5 earthquake hits south-east of the Loyalty Islands.

5.2 earthquake hits the Lombok region, Indonesia.

5.1 earthquake hits Fiji.

5.1 earthquake hits the Philippine Islands.

5.0 earthquake hits Oaxaca, Mexico.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

In the Atlantic Ocean: Hurricane Florence is located about 405 mi…655 km s of Bermuda and about 950 mi…1530 km ese of Cape Fear North Carolina with maximum sustained winds…130 mph…215 km/h. Present movement…wnw or 290 degrees at 15 mph…24 km/h.

Hurricane Helene is located about 620 mi…995 km w of the southernmost Cabo Verde islands and about 1570 mi…2530 km ssw of the Azores with maximum sustained winds…110 mph…175 km/h. Present movement…wnw or 300 degrees at 14 mph…22 km/h.

Tropical Storm Isaac is located about 880 mi…1420 km e of the lesser Antilles with maximum sustained winds…70 mph…110 km/h. Present movement…w or 270 degrees at 14 mph…22 km/h.

In the Eastern Pacific Ocean: Tropical Depression Paul is located about 845 mi…1360 km w of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…35 mph…55 km/h. Present movement…wnw or 295 degrees at 10 mph…17 km/h.

In the Western Pacific Ocean: Super Typhoon 26w (Mangkhut), located approximately 286 nm north-northeast of Yap, FSM, is tracking westward at 15 knots.

Tropical storm 27w (Barijat), located approximately 225 nm east-southeast of Hong Kong, is tracking westward at 08 knots.

In the Central Pacific Ocean: Tropical Storm Olivia is located about 320 mi…515 km ene of Hilo Hawaii and about 470 mi…755 km e of Honolulu Hawaii with maximum sustained winds…65 mph…100 km/h. Present movement…w or 270 degrees at 10 mph…17 km/h.

NewsBytes:

Kentucky, USA – At least two people have been reported killed and one remains missing after weekend flooding spawned by the remnants of last week’s Tropical Storm Gordon in Louisville, Kentucky.

Malaysia – Heavy rain inundated Betong town and surrounding villages in the district in southern Sarawak, flooding homes and businesses.

Virginia, USA – Multiple people were rescued in Old Town Alexandria Sunday night as the high tide and rain flooded shops and restaurants ahead of Hurricane Florence. Rescue crews headed not to the Potomac River but down the King and Union streets to bring stranded visitors to safety.

Global Warming

Global Warming Pushing Alpine Species Upslope

For every one-degree-Celsius increase in temperature, mountaintop species shift upslope 100 meters, shrinking their inhabited area and resulting in dramatic population declines, new research by University of British Columbia zoologists has found.

The study, a first-of-its-kind broad review, analyzed shifts in elevation range in 975 populations of plants, insects and animals.

Most mountaintop species we looked at are responding to warming temperatures by shifting upslope to live in cooler environments. As they move towards the mountaintop, the area they live within gets smaller and smaller. This supports predictions that global warming could eventually drive extinctions among species at the top.

The study found that most mountaintop species have moved upward, including:

– The northern pocket gopher in Nevada’s Ruby Mountains lost more than 70 percent of its inhabited area over the past 80 years as a 1.1-degree temperature increase drove populations upslope.

– The mountain burnet butterfly in the French Pyrenees adjusted to a one-degree temperature increase by shifting upslope 430 meters, losing 79 percent of its range over the past 50 years.

– An alpine meadow flower in the Himalayas moved upslope more than 600 meters as temperatures rose more than 2.2 degrees in the past 150 years. It lost 29 percent of its habitat in the region.

The research also found that a few species, such as the white-crowned sparrow in the southern Sierra Nevada mountains in California, moved their entire range down mountains.

“This highlights how complicated responses to climate change are likely to be”, said the study authors.

Wildfires

Wildfires – California

An extended stretch of Interstate 5 in Shasta County has reopened with restrictions after five days of closure caused by the raging Delta Fire, which has ignited big rigs and cars, injured at least one person and consumed more than 49,000 acres as of Monday evening, according to the U.S. Forest Service.

Disease

Unidentified Disease – Myanmar

Due to an outbreak of a disease in Nan Yun within the Naga self administrative region, 7 children were killed and while some villages are starting to recover from the illness, villagers still need health care and medical assistance. The outbreak emerged in the northern Sagaing region of Myanmar.

Entire villages in Lanpan and Shun Hepaw village tracts in Nan Yun Township suffered from the unidentified disease and the symptoms are fever, coughing, bleeding from nose, difficulty in breathing while some suffered diarrhoea.