Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.4 earthquake hits the Molucca Sea.

5.0 earthquake hits Tarapaca, Chile.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

In the Southern Hemisphere: Tropical cyclone (tc) 08p (Penny), located approximately 312 nm east-southeast of Cairns, Australia, is tracking southwestward at 06 knots.

NewsBytes:

California, USA – Flooding, mudslides and snow closed several highways in California over the weekend, with more rain and snow set to hit later in the week. These latest weather emergencies have been exacerbated by wildfires. The effects of the burning keep water from being soaked into dry ground devoid of vegetation, spurring floods and mudflows.

Global Warming

Ocean Warming

Global warming has heated the oceans by the equivalent of one atomic bomb explosion per second for the past 150 years, according to analysis of new research.

More than 90% of the heat trapped by humanity’s greenhouse gas emissions has been absorbed by the seas, with just a few per cent heating the air, land and ice caps respectively. The vast amount of energy being added to the oceans drives sea-level rise and enables hurricanes and typhoons to become more intense.

Much of the heat has been stored in the ocean depths but measurements here only began in recent decades and existing estimates of the total heat the oceans have absorbed stretch back only to about 1950. The new work extends that back to 1871. Scientists have said that understanding past changes in ocean heat was critical for predicting the future impact of climate change.

A Guardian calculation found the average heating across that 150-year period was equivalent to about 1.5 Hiroshima-size atomic bombs per second. But the heating has accelerated over that time as carbon emissions have risen, and was now the equivalent of between three and six atomic bombs per second.

Disease

Foot and Mouth Disease – South Africa

The department of agriculture, forestry and fisheries has quarantined an area in Vhembe in Limpopo, following positive laboratory results for foot-and-mouth disease in cattle in the district. The matter was reported to the World Organisation for Animal Health, resulting in SA’s foot-and-mouth-free status being temporarily suspended.

New Ebola-like Virus

Researchers have discovered a new Ebola-related virus in bats in China, a study says.

The potentially dangerous filovirus, known as Měnglà virus, comes from the Rousettus bat in Yunnan Province, China, and can lead to fatal fever diseases in humans, according to findings published Monday in Nature Microbiology.

While Měnglà shares some common characteristics to other filoviruses, it also has some differences. For one, it shares only 32 percent to 54 percent of its sequence of genes with other filoviruses. Plus, it also lives in different geographic locations.

And this new genus of filovirus fits right in between the Ebola and Marburg viruses on the evolutionary scale, the researchers said.