Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.2 earthquake hits the Solomon Islands.

5.8 earthquake hits Kepulauan Kai, Indonesia.

5.7 earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.5 earthquake hits near the east coast of Honshu, Japan.

5.0 earthquake hits Kyushu, Japan.

5.0 earthquake hits Tonga.

5.0 earthquake hits Vanuatu.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

In the Southern Hemisphere: Tropical cyclone (tc) 11s (Riley), located approximately 334 nm north-northeast of Learmonth, Australia, is tracking southwestward at 04 knots.

NewsBytes:

Turkey – Heavy rains have caused floods in Turkey’s southern province of Antalya.

Brazil – A mining dam collapsed in southeastern Brazil on Friday, Jan. 25. The dam flooded a nearby community, raising concerns of widespread contamination. Brazilian mining company Vale SA said in a statement that it didn’t yet have information on deaths or injuries at the dam in Minas Gerais state but said that tailings have reached the community of Vila Ferteco and an administrative office. Parts of the city were evacuated and local firefighters were rescuing people by helicopter and ground vehicles.

Connecticut, USA – Rain, some of it heavy, arrived in the state on Thursday leading to flooding for some areas. A flash flood watch and flood warning were in effect for the entire state.

Indonesia – The number of people killed after days of torrential rain triggered flash floods and landslides on Indonesia’s Sulawesi island has climbed to 59 with 25 others missing, a disaster official said Friday.

Global Warming

Climate Change – Migrant Crisis in Bangladesh

The country, already grappling with the Rohingya crisis, now faces a devastating migration problem as hundreds of thousands face an impossible choice between battered coastlines and urban slums.

Bangladesh, a densely populated, riverine South Asian nation, has always survived its share of tropical storms, flooding, and other natural disasters. But today, climate change is accelerating old forces of destruction, creating new patterns of displacement, and fueling an explosion of rapid, chaotic urbanization

Bangladesh holds 165 million people in an area smaller than Illinois. One-third of them live along the southern coast, a lush honeycomb of island villages, farms, and fish ponds linked by protective embankments. Most of the country’s land area is no higher above sea level than New York City, and during the rainy season more than one-fifth of the country can be flooded at once.

For tens of thousands of years, people living in the vast Ganges Delta accepted a volatile, dangerous landscape of floods and tropical storms as the cost of access to rich agricultural soil and lucrative maritime trade routes.

Climate change is disrupting traditional rain patterns—droughts in some areas, unexpected deluges in others—and boosting silt-heavy runoff from glaciers in the Himalaya Mountains upstream, leading to an increase in flooding and riverbank erosion. Every year, an area larger than Manhattan washes away. Meanwhile, sea-level rise is pushing saltwater into coastal agricultural areas and promising to permanently submerge large swaths.

Over the last decade, nearly 700,000 Bangladeshis were displaced on average each year by natural disasters, according to the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre. That number spikes in years with catastrophic cyclones,

As people flee vulnerable coastal areas, most are arriving in urban slums—particularly in Dhaka, one of the world’s fastest-growing and most densely populated megacities. The city is perceived as the country’s bastion of economic opportunity, but it is also fraught with extreme poverty, public health hazards, human trafficking, and other risks, including its own vulnerability to floods. Already, up to 400,000 low-income migrants arrive in Dhaka every year.

Disease

Circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 – Mozambique

On 17 January 2019, two genetically-linked circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) isolates were reported from Molumbo district, Zambezia province, Mozambique.

Ebola – DR Congo

The number of people killed in an Ebola outbreak in eastern DR Congo has risen to 443, health authorities have announced, as new President Felix Tshisekedi began his first full day in office on Friday. The rising death toll – up by more than 40 in the past 10 days – emphasises the challenge of controlling the epidemic in the strife-torn east and is just one of a host of complex issues facing Tshisekedi.

African Swine Flu – France

France will deploy the army to fight the outbreak of African swine fever (ASF) found in wild boars, the Agriculture Minister has confirmed. These rapid measures will provide “logistical support” and are tasked with culling wild boar in a border zone next to Belgium. The virulent swine disease was first confirmed in Belgium near the borders with Luxembourg and France in September 2018. However since then the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) has reported 245 cases of the disease in the Luxembourg region this month.

The drastic move by French authorities was enforced after the disease had spread to just one kilometre from mainland France in recent days.