Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.3 earthquake hits southern Sumatra, Indonesia.

5.3 earthquake hits southwest of Sumatra, Indonesia.

5.1 earthquake hits the Banda Sea.

5.0 earthquake hits Crete.

5.0 earthquake hits eastern Xizang, China.

5.0 earthquake hits southwest of Sumatra, Indonesia.

Two 5.0 earthquakes hit eastern New Guinea, Papua New Guinea.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Screen Shot 2019 08 11 at 1 02 41 PM

In the Western Pacific Ocean: Tropical Storm Lekima is located approximately 232 nm north-northwest of Shanghai, China is tracking north-northwestward at 13 knots.

Tropical Storm 11w (Krosa) is located approximately 121 nm southwest of Iwo To, is tracking northwestward at 07 knots.

NewsBytes:

China – The death toll from typhoon Lekima in eastern China rose to 30 on Sunday, with 18 people missing, as the country braced for more travel disruptions as the storm moved further north up the coast. Typhoon Lekima made landfall early on Saturday in the eastern province of Zhejiang with winds gusting to 187 km (116 miles) per hour, causing travel chaos with thousands of flights cancelled and rail operations suspended. The typhoon damaged more than 173,000 hectares of crops and 34,000 homes in Zhejiang, Lekima, China’s ninth typhoon of this year, is expected to make a second landing along the coastline in Shandong province, prompting more flight cancellations and the closure of some expressways.

Scotland – Heavy rain and tumultuous weather conditions are causing travel chaos as train operators have been forced to shut lines, including the one connecting Scotland to England. Network rail Scotland have said the West Coast mainline between Scotland and England has been closed due to flooding on the tracks between Carlisle and Lockerbie. The train operator said water levels were about a foot above the rails. Passengers on five trains are currently trapped or blocked due to the high volumes of water on the tracks.

Wildlife

Heatwaves kill coral reefs faster than believed: Study

Marine heatwaves are killing coral reefs far more quickly than previously believed, according to a new study released yesterday.

Scientists have known that rising sea temperatures blamed on global warming can severely damage reefs through a process of “bleaching”, where the high temperatures kill the colourful algae that nourish the coral animals. Coral anemones build calcium carbonate skeletons that create the reefs and rely on algae for most of their food. In return, the algae get a home to live in.

Repeated “bleaching events”, such as ones that hit Australia’s Great Barrier Reef in 2016 and 2017, can eventually kill the coral in a process which takes months or years. If sea temperatures ease, some bleached corals are able to regenerate.

But the new study found that severe marine heatwaves can actually degrade the skeletal structure of the coral, potentially killing the organisms in a matter of days or weeks.

“The severity of these heatwave events is beyond the bleaching process, it’s actually a point where the coral animal itself is dying,” said Dr Tracy Ainsworth, a co-author of the study from the University of New South Wales.

Wildfires

Wildfires – Greece

A wildfire which broke out on Elafonisos island in southern Greece on Saturday has prompted the evacuation of a hotel and camping as a precautionary measure, with no injuries reported. The blaze is burning mainly low vegetation, as firefighters’ efforts to contain it are hampered by strong winds.

The image is similar in Marathon municipality, some 42 kilometers northeast of Athens. According to preliminary information from the Fire Brigade, the flames are scorching a forested zone not very far away from the starting line of the Athens Classic Marathon race.

Wildfires – Australia

Firefighters are in position to protect homes on the NSW mid-north coast after a bushfire quickly burned hundreds of hectares. Strong south-easterly winds fanned the blaze over the Belmore River and Lotus Rd, east of Kempsey, and into the beachside Hat Head National Park. The out-of-control blaze had torched almost 400 hectares by 2.15pm.

A watch and act alert is also out for homes in the vicinity of Turners Flat, west of Kempsey, where a fire has burned through about 200 hectares.

Disease

Malaria – Venezuela

Governor of Anzoátegui state, in the northeastern region of Venezuela says malaria cases have doubled in the state as more than 10,000 patients were diagnosed in the last two months. Three deaths have been reported among the cases.

Wild Poliovirus – Pakistan

Pakistan saw one additional wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) case in the past week from Killa Abdullah district, Balochistan province. This brings the total WPV1 cases in the country to 48 and including the 12 cases reported in Afghanistan this year, a global total of 60.