Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.4 earthquake hits Vanuatu.

5.1 earthquake hits Fiji.

5.0 earthquake hits the Carlsberg ridge.

5.0 earthquake hits Araucania, Chile.

5.0 earthquake hits off the west coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia.

5.0 earthquake hits Mindanao in the Philippines.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the Eastern Pacific Ocean: Remnants of Nineteen-E (Priscilla) are located about 70 mi…115 km ese of Cabo Corrientes Mexico with maximum sustained winds…30 mph…45 km/h. Present movement…nnw or 345 degrees at 10 mph…17 km/h.

In the Western Pacific Ocean : Tropical Storm 21w (Neoguri), located approximately 402 nm southwest of Yokosuka, Japan, is tracking northeastward at 10 knots.

Typhoon Bualoi (22w), located approximately 168 nm east-northeast of Andersen AFB, Guam, is tracking northwestward at 08 knots.

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Wildlife

Turtle Traffickers Caught

Florida, USA wildlife officials have uncovered a trafficking ring of thousands of smuggled turtles following a long-term undercover investigation. The poachers would target habitats known for specific species of turtles and “depleted the species so much” that they had to expand to other parts of the state. The turtles were sold wholesale for up to $300 each and retailed for as much as $10,000 in Asia. In one month alone, an estimated $60,000 worth of turtles were trafficked out of Florida.

Turtles are one of the most threatened animal groups on the planet. The illegal trade of turtles is having a global impact on many turtle species and our ecosystems. More than 600 turtles were returned to the wild as a result of the investigation.

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Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.4 earthquake hits Fiji.

5.3 earthquake hits Tonga.

5.2 earthquake hits Mindanao in the Philippines.

5.2 earthquake hits east Timor.

5.2 earthquake hits the Rota region in the North Mariana Islands.

5.1 earthquake hits Mindanao in the philippines.

Two 5.0 earthquakes hit Tonga.

5.0 earthquake hits the South Sandwich Islands.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

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In the Eastern Pacific Ocean: Tropical Depression Nineteen-E is located about 105 mi…170 km s of Manzanillo Mexico with maximum sustained winds…35 mph…55 km/h. Present movement…n or 355 degrees at 7 mph…11 km/h.

In the Western Pacific Ocean : Typhoon 21w (Neoguri), located approximately 142 nm south-southeast of Kadena AFB, Okinawa, Japan, is tracking northeastward at 14 knots.

Typhoon Bualoi (22w), located approximately 334 nm east-southeast of Andersen AFB, Guam, is tracking northwestward at 11 knots.

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NewsBytes:

Russia – At least 15 people have died and 13 others have been missing after a dam collapse at a gold mine in Siberia. The dam, on the Seiba river in the region of Krasnoyarsk, burst after heavy rain on Saturday.

Niger – Floods in southeast Niger have forced 23,000 people to flee their homes since early October, officials said Saturday, threatening a new humanitarian crisis in a region already wracked by Boko Haram Islamist violence. Heavy rains have caused the Komadougou Yobe river that flows through the semi-desert Diffa region into Lake Chad to burst its banks, inundating villages, flooding fields and damaging crops. Two villages near the city of Diffa were “completely submerged” and 2,500 households have been forced to move.

UK – Drivers in the north east have been warned to take care after severe flooding left vehicles submerged and roads closed off. Emergency services were called out to incidents across Aberdeenshire and Aberdeen overnight with firefighters pumping water away from homes.

Florida, USA – The streets in St Marks, Florida were flooded by Tropical Storm Nestor on Saturday as the storm moved across the panhandle.

Global Warming

Climate Change Affecting New Zealand

Climate change, pollution and fishing are causing irreversible damage to New Zealand’s marine environment and putting many birds and mammals at risk of extinction, according to a new report from the nation’s Ministry for the Environment.

The report said New Zealand’s coastline, which stretches for about 15,000 kilometers, is also under increasing pressure from development and shipping. Agriculture, forestry and urbanization are increasing the amount of sediment, chemicals and plastics flowing into the oceans, and contaminating the coastline, it said.

The report said 90 percent of the country’s seabirds and about a quarter of its marine mammals are threatened with extinction, and that 16 percent of New Zealand’s fish stocks had been overfished.

The report also confirmed that New Zealand’s sea temperature had risen and was consistent with the global average. It also found sea levels were rising faster than before.

There was a warning, too, that New Zealand could expect more frequent marine heat waves, similar to those in 2017 and 2018, and ocean acidification.

Wildfires

Wildfires – Australia

A new bushfire is threatening homes in NSW’s scorched north. The blaze ignited at Tubbamurra, north of Armidale, on Saturday and has quickly moved east towards about homes at nearby Backwater. The region has hosted the worst of all blazes in NSW so far this bushfire season. Two people have died, dozens of homes have been destroyed and 3100 square kilometres – equivalent to a quarter of the area of Greater Sydney – has been scorched since July in bushfires in the state’s far north coast and New England regions.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.3 earthquake hits northern Alaska.

Three 5.3 earthquakes hit Tonga.

5.3 earthquake hits Fiji.

5.2 earthquake hits northern Alaska.

5.2 earthquake hits Mindanao in the Philippines.

5.1 earthquake hits Kepulauan Samgihe, Indonesia.

5.0 earthquake hits Myanmar.

5.0 earthquake hits Mindanao in the Philippines.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

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In the Atlantic Ocean: Tropical Storm Nestor is located about 80 mi…125 km wsw of Panama City Florida and about 110 mi…175 km w of Apalachicola Florida with maximum sustained winds…50 mph…85 km/h. Present movement…ne or 45 degrees at 17 mph…28 km/h.

In the Eastern Pacific Ocean: Tropical Depression Octave is located about 1340 mi…2160 km wsw of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…35 mph…55 km/h. Present movement…ne or 45 degrees at 2 mph…4 km/h.

In the Western Pacific Ocean : Typhoon 21w (Neoguri), located approximately 295 nm south of Kadena AFB, Okinawa, Japan, is tracking northwestward at 07 knots.

Tropical storm 22w (Twenty-Two), located approximately 628 nm east-southeast of Andersen AFB, Guam, is tracking west-northwestward at 16 knots.

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NewsBytes:

Sudan – Unprecedented flooding caused by heavy rains has affected nearly 200,000 people in northeast South Sudan, the UN refugee agency said Friday. Situated in the Upper Nile region, the affected area is home to more than 150,000 refugees from Sudan, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) said in a statement. The UN agency said floodwaters have submerged major roads, making access to the refugee camps difficult and leading to closer of schools. The floods have also impacted access to public services, including hospitals and damaged sanitation facilities, increasing health risks.

Disease

Chikungunya – Ethiopia

In an update on the chikungunya outbreak in Ethiopia, health officials have reported an additional 2,541 new suspected cases during the last week of September. This brings the outbreak total, that began in late July, to 49,616.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.5 earthquake hits near the north coast of New Guinea, Papua New Guinea.

5.4 earthquake hits northern Alaska.

5.1 earthquake hits Tonga.

5.0 earthquake hits Santa Cruz, Argentina.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

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In the Atlantic Ocean: Potential Tropical Cyclone Sixteen is located about 390 mi…630 km ssw of the mouth of the Mississippi river with maximum sustained winds…40 mph…65 km/h. Present movement…ne or 45 degrees at 14 mph…22 km/h.

In the Eastern Pacific Ocean: Tropical Storm Octave is located about 1450 mi…2330 km sw of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…45 mph…75 km/h. Present movement…w or 270 degrees at 1 mph…2 km/h.

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In the Western Pacific Ocean : Tropical storm 21w (Neoguri), located approximately 401 nm south-southeast of Kadena AFB, Japan, is tracking northwestward at 03 knots.

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NewsBytes:

Chad and Cameroon – Heavy rains and floods this week have left at least 100,000 people homeless on both sides of the border between northern Cameroon and Chad. It’s the worst flooding in the area since 2012. the military is working to evacuate those stranded by floodwaters in Kaikai. Heavy rains have been pouring ceaselessly, destroying houses and farms in the northern Cameroon village of Kaikai over the past two weeks. Residents say the downpours caused Lake Maga and the Logone River to overflow.

Massachusetts, USA – Torrential rain and high winds pounded the Bay State overnight, leaving behind flooded streets in Worcester.

Global Warming

Earth Archive

A pair of Colorado State University scientists propose creating a high-resolution, 3D image of Earth’s surface in its current state before the effects of climate change alter the landscape forever.

Geographer Steve Leisz and archaeologist Chris Fisher propose scanning the planet with airborne lasers to initially capture the world’s most vulnerable locations. The same technology has been used to discover remote archeological sites.

The pair says that once completed, their nonprofit Earth Archive project would be “the ultimate gift to future generations,” which will be able to look back at Earth’s entire land area during the first half of the 21st century in unrivaled detail.

Arctic Survival

Increasingly harsh Arctic weather due to climate change could threaten the survival of plants and animals in Greenland, according to researchers from Denmark’s Aarhaus University.

They say 2018 snowfall was so heavy that it prevented almost all plants and animals in northeastern Greenland from reproducing.

Niels Martin Schmidt writes that, as opposed to the vanishing Arctic sea ice, the late-season heavy snow could be a problem if it becomes the new normal.

That’s because the Arctic growing and breeding season lasts for only a few weeks in July and August.

Environment

Global Temperature Extremes

The week’s hottest temperature was 119 degrees Fahrenheit (48.3 degrees Celsius) in Rafha, Saudi Arabia.

The week’s coldest temperature was minus 89.0 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 67.2 degrees Celsius) at Vostok, Antarctica.

Temperatures were tabulated from the more than 10,000 worldwide synoptic weather stations. The United Nations World Meteorological Organization sets the standards for weather observations, and provides a global telecommunications circuit for data distribution.

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

From 1 through 30 September 2019, the National IHR Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported 4 additional laboratory-confirmed cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS-CoV) infection and one associated death.

Ebola – DR Congo

The number of confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) has been relatively low in recent weeks, with 15 new confirmed cases reported in North Kivu and Ituri provinces during the epidemiological week of 7 October through 13 October.

Vaping-related lung illnesses – USA

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced that the outbreak’s death toll has climbed to 33, up from 26 deaths reported last week. The outbreak victims range in age from 17 to 75, with an average age of 44, the agency said. What’s more, the total number of cases in the outbreak increased to 1,479, up from about 1,300 reported last week.