Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.4 earthquake hits the Hindu Kush, Afghanistan.

5.4 earthquake hits the Near Islands in the Aleutian Islands.

Two 5.1 earthquake hits southern Xinjiang, China.

5.0 earthquake hits Kepulauan Talaud, Indonesia.

5.0 earthquake hits east of the South Sandwich Islands.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the Atlantic Ocean: Tropical Storm Pablo is located about 400 mi…640 km ene of Lajes air base in the Azores with maximum sustained winds…70 mph…110 km/h. Present movement…ne or 45 degrees at 40 mph…65 km/h.

In the Indian Ocean: Tropical cyclone 04a (Kyarr), located approximately 522 nm east-southeast of Mariah Island, is tracking west-northwestward at 09 knots.

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Global Warming

Global Warming Affecting UK Butterfies

Scientists have discovered in a new study that many butterflies, sensing warmer temperatures, are emerging earlier than they’re supposed to. This is causing their numbers to decline considerably.

The study conducted by York University involved collecting data on butterflies and moths by citizen scientists over a 20-year period from 1995 to 2014, when Britain experienced an increase of 0.5 degrees in temperature on average during spring.

The study revealed that species which are known to have multiple and rapid breeding cycles every year with flexible habitat can be benefited, like Speckled Wood species which are able to spend more time in increasing their numbers before winter.

However, the early emergence of species that are specific to certain habitats, and are known to have only one life per cycle in a year are shrinking in population and vanishing from the northern parts of UK — a place that they once inhabited. Species affected with this include the High Brown Fritillary butterfly which are the most vulnerable to climate change. Not only doesn’t extra breeding time benefit them in any way, they also emerge early from their cocoon where they don’t find food pertaining to their restricted diet and thus suffer, being driven gradually towards extinction.

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Wildfires

Wildfires – California, USA

Authorities ordered at least 50,000 people to evacuate towns near a massive Northern California wildfire Saturday, and the state’s largest utility announced power shut-offs for an estimated 2.35 million people due to forecasts of severe winds and extreme fire danger. The entire communities of Healdsburg and Windsor were ordered to evacuate ahead of strong winds that could lead to erratic fire behavior near the blaze burning in wine country.

Disease

Cholera – Kenya

During the week ending October 13, officials in Kenya reported an additional 100 new suspected Cholera cases, with eighty-five percent of cases being reported from Nairobi and Wajir. Since the beginning of the year, Kenya has seen 4,476 cholera cases, including 37 deaths. Twelve of the 47 Counties of Kenya have reported cholera cases.

Burundi – Malaria

Since our last report one month ago, the number of malaria cases in Burundi has increased nearly one million cases. Since December 2018 through September 2019, health officials have reported 6,831,659 total malaria cases in the country, including 2,545 deaths.

Foot and Mouth Disease – Thailand

An order has been issued to close cattle markets in all 26 districts of Khon Kaen, a northeastern province from Nov 1 – 30 following an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD). It is believed that the disease is spreading from the cattle markets.

HIV – Pakistan

Nearly 900 children in the small Pakistani city of Ratodero were bedridden early this year with raging fevers that resisted treatment. Parents were frantic, with everyone seeming to know a family with a sick child.

In April, the disease was pinned down, and the diagnosis was devastating: The city was the epicenter of an H.I.V. outbreak that overwhelmingly affected children. Health officials initially blamed the outbreak on a single pediatrician, saying he was reusing syringes.

Since then, about 1,100 citizens have tested positive for the virus, or one in every 200 residents. Almost 900 are younger than 12. Health officials believe the real numbers are probably much higher, as only a fraction of the population has been tested so far.