Nature – Images

Interesting Images

A trio of divers off the western coast of Norway had a close encounter with a drifting gelatinous blob — a squid’s egg sac as big as an adult human, filled with hundreds of thousands of baby squid.

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Wildfires

Wildfires – Australia

A bushfire has burned through 3,000 hectares of the internationally significant Macquarie Marshes, placing a question mark over the long-term viability of a key section of the wetland, according to a leading expert.

The New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service has confirmed the fire hit the northern reed bed in the wetlands, which are listed under the Ramsar convention covering wetlands of international importance.

The marshes, in central north-west NSW, are considered one of Australia’s most important inland nesting sites for waterbirds. The reed bed is key habitat for the endangered Australasian bittern.

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Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.4 earthquake hits the Hindu Kush, Afghanistan.

5.4 earthquake hits the Near Islands in the Aleutian Islands.

Two 5.1 earthquake hits southern Xinjiang, China.

5.0 earthquake hits Kepulauan Talaud, Indonesia.

5.0 earthquake hits east of the South Sandwich Islands.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the Atlantic Ocean: Tropical Storm Pablo is located about 400 mi…640 km ene of Lajes air base in the Azores with maximum sustained winds…70 mph…110 km/h. Present movement…ne or 45 degrees at 40 mph…65 km/h.

In the Indian Ocean: Tropical cyclone 04a (Kyarr), located approximately 522 nm east-southeast of Mariah Island, is tracking west-northwestward at 09 knots.

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Global Warming

Global Warming Affecting UK Butterfies

Scientists have discovered in a new study that many butterflies, sensing warmer temperatures, are emerging earlier than they’re supposed to. This is causing their numbers to decline considerably.

The study conducted by York University involved collecting data on butterflies and moths by citizen scientists over a 20-year period from 1995 to 2014, when Britain experienced an increase of 0.5 degrees in temperature on average during spring.

The study revealed that species which are known to have multiple and rapid breeding cycles every year with flexible habitat can be benefited, like Speckled Wood species which are able to spend more time in increasing their numbers before winter.

However, the early emergence of species that are specific to certain habitats, and are known to have only one life per cycle in a year are shrinking in population and vanishing from the northern parts of UK — a place that they once inhabited. Species affected with this include the High Brown Fritillary butterfly which are the most vulnerable to climate change. Not only doesn’t extra breeding time benefit them in any way, they also emerge early from their cocoon where they don’t find food pertaining to their restricted diet and thus suffer, being driven gradually towards extinction.

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Wildfires

Wildfires – California, USA

Authorities ordered at least 50,000 people to evacuate towns near a massive Northern California wildfire Saturday, and the state’s largest utility announced power shut-offs for an estimated 2.35 million people due to forecasts of severe winds and extreme fire danger. The entire communities of Healdsburg and Windsor were ordered to evacuate ahead of strong winds that could lead to erratic fire behavior near the blaze burning in wine country.

Disease

Cholera – Kenya

During the week ending October 13, officials in Kenya reported an additional 100 new suspected Cholera cases, with eighty-five percent of cases being reported from Nairobi and Wajir. Since the beginning of the year, Kenya has seen 4,476 cholera cases, including 37 deaths. Twelve of the 47 Counties of Kenya have reported cholera cases.

Burundi – Malaria

Since our last report one month ago, the number of malaria cases in Burundi has increased nearly one million cases. Since December 2018 through September 2019, health officials have reported 6,831,659 total malaria cases in the country, including 2,545 deaths.

Foot and Mouth Disease – Thailand

An order has been issued to close cattle markets in all 26 districts of Khon Kaen, a northeastern province from Nov 1 – 30 following an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD). It is believed that the disease is spreading from the cattle markets.

HIV – Pakistan

Nearly 900 children in the small Pakistani city of Ratodero were bedridden early this year with raging fevers that resisted treatment. Parents were frantic, with everyone seeming to know a family with a sick child.

In April, the disease was pinned down, and the diagnosis was devastating: The city was the epicenter of an H.I.V. outbreak that overwhelmingly affected children. Health officials initially blamed the outbreak on a single pediatrician, saying he was reusing syringes.

Since then, about 1,100 citizens have tested positive for the virus, or one in every 200 residents. Almost 900 are younger than 12. Health officials believe the real numbers are probably much higher, as only a fraction of the population has been tested so far.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.6 earthquake hits the Fox Islands in the Aleutian Islands.

5.3 earthquake hits the Samoa Islands.

5.0 earthquake hits Fiji.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

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In the Atlantic Ocean: Post Tropical Cyclone Olga is located about 170 mi…275 km sse of Lake Charles Louisiana with maximum sustained winds…50 mph…85 km/h. Present movement…ne or 40 degrees at 17 mph…28 km/h.

Tropical Storm Pablo is located about 260 mi…420 km sw of the Azores with maximum sustained winds…45 mph…75 km/h. Present movement…ese or 110 degrees at 9 mph…15 km/h.

In the Indian Ocean: Tropical cyclone 04a (Kyarr), located approximately 512 nm south-southeast of Karachi, Pakistan, is tracking westward at 08 knots.

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NewsBytes:

Britain, Wales – Forecasters have warned of widespread and dangerous flooding in south Wales as parts of the UK are hit by heavy rain and a plunge in temperatures this weekend. Weather warnings are in place for “heavy and persistent” rain stretching from the south-west of Britain, across the whole of Wales and through much of the Midlands, to northern England.

Japan – Torrential rain caused flooding and mudslides Friday in towns east of Tokyo, leaving one dead and two missing and expanding damage in areas still recovering from recent typhoons. Muddy waters spilled from several rivers in Chiba, southeast of Tokyo, where pedestrians waded through waist-deep floods. Mudslides crushed three houses in Midori district in Chiba, and one of three people who were buried underneath them died.

Wildfires

Wildfires – California, USA

California firefighters battled through the night to contain a fast-moving wildfire driven by high winds that was threatening to engulf thousands of buildings. Around 40 000 people were told to flee the Tick Fire, which was raging across 1,600 hectares just north of Los Angeles. The blaze broke out early on Thursday afternoon, burning several homes and structures and forcing the closure of a major highway and a number of roads, as some 500 firefighters backed by air tankers and helicopters battled the flames. There were no immediate reports of injury.

Wildfires – Mexico

Mexican authorities say three people have died in wind-whipped wildfires in the northwestern state of Baja California. Mexico’s civil defense agency said Friday that fires near Tecate, near Tijuana and between the coastal towns of Rosarito and Ensenada had forced 1,645 people to evacuate their homes. One of the fires closed the coastal highway north of Ensenada for several hours. Another, near Tecate, burned more than 35,000 acres (about 14,200 hectares).

Wildfires – Australia

Three fires on the NSW north coast, at Tuncurry, Darawank and Mount George, were at emergency levels but have since been downgraded to Watch and Act. Approximately 70 other fires are burning uncontrolled through the state. At least two properties have been lost in the fires.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.4 earthquake hits Sulawesi, Minahasa, Indonesia.

5.4 earthquake hits the Kermedec Islands.

5.0 earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the Western Pacific Ocean : Typhoon Bualoi (22w), located approximately 421 nm east of Yokosuka, Japan, is tracking northeastward at 24 knots.

In the Indian Ocean: Tropical cyclone 04a (Kyarr), located approximately 596 nm south-southeast of Karachi, Pakistan, is tracking northeastward at 04 knots.

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Environment

Pollution – Plastic or Cans

Producers of bottled water are scrambling to find practical ways to switch from the single-use plastics that are polluting the planet to recyclable aluminum cans.

The biggest challenge is that creating each can means twice as much carbon is released into the atmosphere than from the manufacture of one plastic bottle. Cans are also more expensive to make.

Marketing experts say this is somewhat offset because less power is needed to chill water in cans.

Wild Earth

Despite humankind wielding an overwhelming influence on the planet, scientists say that half of Earth’s land surface not covered in ice still remains relatively wild, albeit broken into small, isolated tracts.

The summary of a National Geographic Society global survey conducted in 2017 and 2018 concludes that even with the damage to the environment caused by human activities, there is still an opportunity to protect what wild places are left.

The wildest remaining regions are the remote boreal forests of northern Canada and Russia, the Central Asia highlands, the Central and South American rainforests and the deserts of North Africa and Australia.

Environment

Global Temperature Extremes

The week’s hottest temperature was 112 degrees Fahrenheit (44.4 degrees Celsius) in Beitbridge, Zimbabwe.

The week’s coldest temperature was minus 76.0 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 60.0 degrees Celsius) at Concordia, Antarctica.

Temperatures were tabulated from the more than 10,000 worldwide synoptic weather stations. The United Nations World Meteorological Organization sets the standards for weather observations, and provides a global telecommunications circuit for data distribution.

Wildfires

Wildfires – California, USA

In Northern California, the Kincade Fire in Sonoma County, about 75 miles north of San Francisco, rapidly expanded in size early Thursday morning, torching 10,000 acres in just four hours. At least 2 000 people were ordered to evacuate. The fire was likely sparked by a faulty electricity pylon.